Moctezuma

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Moctezuma

  1. 1. MoctezumaMoctezuma I (c. 1398–1469), also known as Motecuhzoma, Huehuemotecuhzoma or Montezuma Iwas the fifth Aztec emperor - king of Tenochtitlan. During his reign the Aztec Empire wasconsolidated, major expansion was undertaken and Tenochtitlan started becoming the dominantpartner of the Aztec triple alliance.Moctezuma was the son of emperor Huitzilihuitl and queen Miahuaxihuitl. He was a brother ofChimalpopoca, Tlacaelel I and Huehue Zaca. Moctezuma executed Zaca for singing and beating hisdrum loudly.According to legend, Miahuaxihuitl miraculously became pregnant with Moctezuma afterswallowing a jewel. This may be the origin of the name Ilhuicamina. Moctezuma later married toChichimecacihuatzin I , his mothers niece. After defeating the King of Tlatelolco, which had attempted to usurp the Aztec throne, submit to Atonal, Lord of Coixtlahuaca, and razing the cities of Chalco and Tepeaca, he extended his possessions into areas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Puebla and Oaxaca, and came to dominate the plateau of Anahuac.These victories enabled him to consolidateabsolute power, of theocratic character,against the always influential military andpriestly nobility. However, it could notprevent a series of calamities, natural, such asfloods and famines, asolaran his empire,which resulted in the proliferation of humansacrifice to appease the anger of the gods.

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