In 1934 the Academy Awards introduced a new category: Film Editing, awarding an Oscar to Conrad A. Nervig for his work on the movie Eskimo. Often called “the invisible art,” editing has made movies possible since they first began, but the field still struggles to gain the appreciation from the general public that it deserves. Not us. We've always been big fans. To celebrate the art of editing, we’ve put together a quick visual timeline spanning 125 years.
THE EVOLUTION OF
Film editing has always been a fine art, but the tools of the trade have changed dramatically over time.
Here are some of the key milestones from the past 125 years.
THE ORIGIN OF MOVIES
I890: TH E KIN ETOGRAPH
. Thomas Edison and William Dickson
help pioneer the use of celluloid film to
create motion pictures with their
innovative camera, the Kinetograph.
I900s: THE FIRST CUTS
The first movies with multiple scenes debut, cut
with scissors and tape on editing tables. Films soon I
include color, close-ups, wipe transitions, and
Technicolor revolutionizes the way color is
added to ﬁlm.
Moviola, the world's first successful editing machine,
is invented by Iwan Serrurier.
I934: AN ACADEMY AWARD
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
awards its first Oscar for film editing.
I THE DAWN OF VIDEOTAPE
I956: FIRST VIDEO RECORDER
The first Ampex video tape recorder (VTR) is released, I
allowing television to be recorded and edited using
magnetic tape, replacing earlier film-to-TV telecines. |
I958: VTR IOOO
Ampex VTR1000s are widely used, encouraging
new editing methods for a magnetic medium
with no visible frames.
I960: NEW EDITING TABLES
Traditional film editing evolves beyond early Steenbeck
ﬂatbed machines with new Intercine and KEM editing
I96I: EECO 900 ELECTRONIC EDITORS
The EECO 900 electronic editing controller The Ampex Electronic Editor makes it possible to
BPPGBTS. Using Precise timeC0d€S- edit film and videotape without physical splicing
THE NONLINEAR EMERGENCE
I97I: CMX 600
The first computerized nonlinear editor (NLE), the CMX
600, is introduced for offline editing, requiring disk
drives the size of washing machines.
EDITING svsﬂ-: M
Lucasfilm creates the EditDroid, a computer workstation
that uses multiple analog LaserDiscs to enable II N G
EMC and Avid introduce the world to nonlinear film-editing
20 OOS: M U R E C P U software, followed by Adobe Premiere, ushering in an era
of professional digital editing suites.
°'? Multicore CPUs grant ordinary computers
"‘ ‘.3 the resources to edit digital video at
progressively higher resolutions.
2OIS: DIGITAL DOMINANCE
Digital movie cameras, digital film distribution and
projection, and digital editing software now dominate
AN INTEGRATED FUTURE
Adobe Premiere Pro CC enables film editors to access their work anywhere through the Adobe Creative
Cloud, while the disparate streams of editing, coloring, and visual FX increasingly merge through the
integrative power of software. Filmmakers benefit from growing creative control, using any device they
have on hand for smoother workflows, and enjoy an ongoing period of digital evolution.
Adobe, the Adobe logo, Creative Cloud, and Adobe Premiere Pro are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States 1/ ‘_
and/ or other countries. All other trademarks are the property oftheir respective owners. (‘ * V T