Observation Instrument Educational Paradigms and Approaches(Humanism1): The teacher was encouraging students to practice theEnglish in the class?Strongly disagree disagree Agree Strongly agree(Behaviorism2): The teacher gave an immediate feedback during theclass at the students?Strongly disagree disagree Agree Strongly agree(Constructivism3): During the class, could you observe that thestudents created their own knowledge?Strongly disagree disagree Agree Strongly agree(Cognitivism4): The student can learn through experiences and becomein active participant in the process?Strongly disagree disagree Agree Strongly agree1 Personal freedom, choice, motivations and feelings are important for growth2 The term behaviorism refers to the school of psychology founded by John B. Watson based on the beliefthat behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed. Behaviorism was established with the publication ofWatsons classic paper Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It (1913).3 The term refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually(and socially) constructs meaning---as he or she learns. Constructing meaning is learning; there is no otherkind. The dramatic consequences of this view are twofoldCognitivism is a theory which attempts to answer how and why people learn by attributing the process tocognitive activity. This theory followed the behaviorist school of thought. The cognitivists’ quarrel with thebehaviorists was that their focus on observable behavior did not account for what was going on in the mind.
(Humanism): The teacher used the motivations and feelings to teachEnglishStrongly disagree disagree Agree Strongly agree(Constructivism): The students in this age, are the generators of theirown rules and mental models like students? Or depending totally of theteacher?Strongly disagree disagree Agree Strongly agree Adolescent developmentThe students showed ID5 in the class?Strongly disagree disagree Agree Strongly agreeThe students showed Ego6 in class?Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agreeThe students showed Superego7 in class?Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agree5 The id is the only component of personality that is present from birth. This aspect of personality is entirelyunconscious and includes of the instinctive and primitive behaviors. According to Freud, the id is the sourceof all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality.6 The ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. According to Freud, theego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable inthe real world. The ego functions in both the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind.7T he superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals thatwe acquire from both parents and society--our sense of right and wrong.
The students have logic thinking?Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agreeThe morality level concerns in the learning?Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agree Second Language AcquisitionThe students learnt by imitation.Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agreeThe students learnt by motivation.Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agreeThe teacher motivates the students to use the memorization to learnmore vocabulary.Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agreeThe students comprehend and produce language in practice.Strongly disagree Disagree agree Strongly agreeThe students learnt unconsciously.Strongly disagree Disagree agree Strongly agree
DidacticsThe presentation technique that the teacher uses was a song text. YES NOThe teacher draws a time line on the board to explain the topic. YES NOThe teacher uses a worksheet (reading) to work in groups with thestudent. YES NOThe teacher shows the learners pictures to see the differencesbetween each other. YES NOThe teacher puts some objects on a desk in front of the desk in front ofthe class to use the realia method with the learners. YES NO The teachers include names of students in the explanation and writtenon the board to include them in the activities and make the classinteresting. YES NOThe teacher writes the topic on the board and explains the topicdirectly. YES NO
The teacher presents grammar using the practicing and presenting. YES NOThe teacher asks the learners to look at a reading passage which thestudents have to guess if it´s correct or incorrect, then the teacherchecks the answers (Discovering). YES NOThe teacher presents a new grammar point to learners with thetechnique of “form and use8”. YES NOThe teacher draws a chart on the board. YES NOThe teacher use the”eliciting9” method to give the class. YES NO8 Form and use: when we present a new grammar point to learners, it is useful to present two differentaspects: its form and its use.Form: means the grammatical form of an item and the rules for it.Use: deals with context. When or where the item used?(Grasping grammar)9 Eliciting (elicitation) is term which describes a range of techniques which enable the teacher to get learnersto provide information rather than giving it to them. Commonly, eliciting is used to ask learners to come upwith vocabulary and language forms and rules, and to brainstorm a topic at the start of a skills lesson. Thedefinition of the term in the Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, ‘Techniques orprocedures which a teacher uses to get learners to actively produce speech or writing, suggests that theremay be wider applications.
The teacher compares L1 and L2. YES NOThe teacher uses the controlled (non-communicative) method to givethe class. YES NOThe teacher uses the controlled and free practice method to presentthe topic class. YES NOThe teacher uses the free practice (communicative) to present thetopic class. YES NO