Grammar is the system of a language. People sometimes describe grammar as the "rules" of a
language; but in fact no language has rules*. If we use the word "rules", we suggest that
somebody created the rules first and then spoke the language, like a new game. But languages
did not start like that. Languages started by people making sounds which evolved into words,
phrases and sentences. No commonly-spoken language is fixed. All languages change over time.
What we call "grammar" is simply a reflection of a language at a particular time.
Do we need to study grammar to learn a language? The short answer is "no". Very many people
in the world speak their own, native language without having studied its grammar. Children start to
speak before they even know the word "grammar". But if you are serious about learning a foreign
language, the long answer is "yes, grammar can help you to learn a language more quickly and
more efficiently." It's important to think of grammar as something that can help you, like a friend.
When you understand the grammar (or system) of a language, you can understand many things
yourself, without having to ask a teacher or look in a book.
So think of grammar as something good, something positive, something that you can use to find
your way - like a signpost or a map.
* Except invented languages like Esperanto. And if Esperanto were widely spoken, its rules would
soon be very different.
• "Writing" is the process of using symbols (letters of the
alphabet, punctuation and spaces) to communicate
thoughts and ideas in a readable form.
• "Writing" can also refer to the work/career of an author,
as in: "Shakespeare didn't make much money from
• Generally, we write using a pen/pencil (handwriting) or
a keyboard (typing). With a pen/pencil we usually write
on a surface such as paper or whiteboard. A keyboard
is normally attached to a typewriter, computer or
mobile device. Voice recognition programs allow those
who can't see or use their hands to have their thoughts
Phonics as related to the grouping of words for spelling
such as: an, man, can
Syllabication learn to divide words and spell by syllabication
such as: mul-ti-pli-ca-tion; dic-ta-tion; re-la-tion
Prefixes, what they mean and how to use them
Suffixes, what they mean and how to use them
Rules for plurals and possessive and for adding suffixes
such as: when the y is preceded by a consonant, change the y to i and add es
Learning to pronounce words correctly to spell correctly
Learning the basic sight words
Spelling and Vocabulary mix when learning:
Antonyms opposite meaning such as hot and cold
Synonyms similar meaning such as jog and trot
Homonyms alike in sound or spelling but not meaning such as altar and alter
Learning Greek and Latin Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes
*Remember that one purpose of spelling is to learn to decode words so that every word will
not have to be memorized. This is best done by grouping spelling words by sight and
sound, such as night, light, bright and learning to spell by syllables. There are many sight
words that do not fall into this category that will have to be memorized (said for example).
• Speaking is the most basic medium of communication by humans. It is the only
basic human right that has the least restrictions and considered highly
important by law. Speech helps us to communicate our thoughts, ideas,
suggestions, comments, etc in the most natural and reliable way without much
distortion of information.
• It requires a resources that is naturally available to every living thing by
nature. Communication is very important to have fair and justified decisions at
various levels of society, governance and information sharing cum growth.
• Reading enables the mind to think over objects of interest, which
enable a person in making informed decisions, its food for the soul, for
it nourishes the human intellect in probing things deeper, analyzing
things, and provide guidance to people, to instances they have not yet
been exposed to life. You see and remember new words and are given
examples of how they are used, expands vocabulary.