Status Quo of

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Status Quo of

  1. 1. Department of Instructional Technology & Media InnovativeOpenEducationalInnovativeOpenEducational ResourcesinEuropeanHigherResourcesinEuropeanHigher Education–Education– StatusquoandFutureDirectionsStatusquoandFutureDirections MarkusDeimannMarkusDeimann TheoBastiaensTheoBastiaens Kees-JanvanDorpKees-JanvanDorp
  2. 2. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Agenda § OER and impact on teaching and learning § Challenges of OER § Status quo in German-speaking countries § Delphi-Method § Delphi-Study § Participants § Results § Discussion 29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology
  3. 3. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Open Educational Resources § Free access to open content; provided free of charge § Content is liberally licensed for re-use in educational activities; free from restrictions to modify, combine and repurpose § For educational systems/tools software is used for which the source code is available § Currently Second Generation of Projects such as “Open Educational Resources in Higher Education (OER HE)” with29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology
  4. 4. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Team-based development of OER in Higher Education § How can other teams be pursuaded to utilize OER? § Connecting factor: How to create a win-win-situation? § Approach: ● Literature review ● Semi-structured qualatative interviews ● Questionnaires § Model that identifies success factors § Inspires future teams
  5. 5. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Organisation § Partner networks: ● Humanities: OUNL, OUUK, FernUniversität in Hagen ● MedNet: § Associcate networks: SwitchCollection § Regular meetings and workshops
  6. 6. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Challenges of OER § Little awareness of the idea of OER in Germany (Zauchner et al., 2008) § Little reputation of adopting OER for teachers (Angster & Uphoff, 2009) However, these are rather assumptions which are not based upon empirical data § On the other side, there are surveys (OECD: Giving knowledge for free, 2007) that revealed different challenges § However, the focus was on the29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology
  7. 7. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Delphi-Method § Aims at developing a consensus among a group of experts § Essential element is anonymity of participants when giving opinions § The Delphi can then alleviates problems § Appropriate for research areas that are not quite investigated29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology Michelangelo's rendering of the Delphic Sibyl (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delphic_Sibyl) The theatre, seen from above (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delphi)
  8. 8. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Delphi-Study § Criteria for selecting experts § Documented experiences with OER (traceable) § Worked with OER practically and/or scientifically § Different backgrounds (e.g. sociology, computer science) § Panel of 12 Experts from German-speaking countries with an average experiences of ten years with E-Learning § Two rounds: (1) Qualitative interviews discussing six theses on OER 29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology
  9. 9. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Results § Definition and perception of OER is elaborated and differentiates between distinct aspects § OER is perceived as a buzz- word; however it has not yet been incorporated into Higher Education (Paradox) 29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology Hurdl e Example N Cultu ral Academic teaching not based on sharing; “Not invented here”; strong focus on research at the expanse of teaching 1 0 OER- specifi c Low degree of awareness; missing initiatives (as opposed to Open Access); too little OER materials 8 Legal Uncertainty: What can I 4
  10. 10. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Results (III): Visions of OER § Visions are tricky: Future of OER is judged as unforeseeable § OER will simmer at the same (low) level § There will be more OER available § Utility of OER will emerge § There might be a commitment of institutions to publish their materials as OER (e.g. Federal Centre for Political Education) 29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology
  11. 11. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Results IV: Conclusion § OER-movement is not declining but there will be no area-wide presence § “There’s still a lot to be done”: we are now in the phase of detail work § OER can support active communication and participation in the digital society (prevent Digital Divide) § The general public and Higher Education can greatly benefit from OER § Very pleased by the positive response29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology
  12. 12. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Discussion § Elaborated conception of OER shared by the experts § Hurdles and challenges have been emphasized early during the interviews § Specific academic culture in German-speaking countries § Some promising strategies have been identified § Experts attach great importance to OER § It is our own responsibility how the future of OER will look like… 29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology
  13. 13. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences Future steps § Expand the panel (international experts) § Stakeholder workshop in Leuven February 2011: Showcases and disucssion § Identify potential participants at OpenEd § Establish OER-Network
  14. 14. Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences 29.01.15 Department of Instructional Technology Thank you very much for your attenti

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