Big data - Aditya Yadav


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Big data - Aditya Yadav

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Big data - Aditya Yadav

  1. 1. * “Running an Agile Fortune 500 Company” Aditya Yadav,
  2. 2. * A Typical Global Company * Fortune 500/1000 * 200 Divisions * 40 Countries * 25000 Employees *
  3. 3. * @ Acme Inc.
  4. 4. * Original Question “How should we start a companywide Big Data adoption? And how much do we budget? Timeframe – 2-3 years?”* The Correct Question - “The days of 2-3 year projects are over. What‟s the fastest, most incremental way to adopt Big Data which delivers the biggest bang for the buck?” *
  5. 5. * And The Philosophy Behind The Answer
  6. 6. * Big Data in the „real world‟ is mostly about Engineering.* Big Data is - about all systems and techniques to store and process TeraBytes and PetaBytes of Data* Big Data might end with Traditional Analytics or might spill over into full fledged Data Science efforts.* Data Science is the science behind leveraging data *
  7. 7. * Most companies adopt a pilot followed by a Big Bang approach for company wide adoption. This is the classic Bottom Up approach – you build the platform, infrastructure, architecture, aggregate data and then open it up for everyone to use.* There is absolutely nothing wrong with the above approach but statistically in the real world that‟s the approach that doesn‟t work unless you have the worlds top geeks spread all across the company working in tandem.* You need to r‟ber three things * Always take an incremental approach w/ Big Data vis-à-vis an Upfront Bottom up Big Bang approach * Identify your strategy, find a few decisions you need to make and work downwards into Data, Infrastructure, Architecture etc. (Top Down) * Unless you a Tech Heavy Weight and can pull off a company wide change of such proportions and also accommodate the costs because your survival depends on it * R‟ber you need Early Wins nobody waits 2-3 years for results *
  8. 8. * This is not a Big Data technology presentation.* There are plenty of those already floating around* This deck is about Strategy *
  9. 9. * Today every Data Center sells its services by calling itself a Cloud (WTH!!! @#!@$#@$)* 10,000 people DW/BI/Java-Developer Divisions and basically everyone else on the planet now calls themself „Data Scientists‟* Millions of Java/Python/SQL „Application Developers‟ call themselves Big Data Engineers. Do you understand the difference between an „Application Developer‟ vs an „Engineer‟? Do you? *
  10. 10. * Economics * Data Economics – The cost of storing say 1PB of Data * Compute Economics – The cost of processing say 1PB of Data* And Yes! The ROI * Value Derived from the Costs of Storing & Processing Data * And being able to leverage that Strategically* Most Appliances are … * Too expensive at scale * Don‟t scale very well* e.g. Hadoop has the best Economics & ROI* You seriously don‟t need very expensive Enterprise Big Data Software/Hardware/Appliances if your scale involves 4000-1000+ servers to do Big Data. At that scale you need to seriously contemplate Free-open-source- software/hardware and take a serious look at * Economics mentioned above * And an incremental & elastic approachp.s. do see my deck on Cloud Computing also in this context *
  11. 11. 1. Historically Businesses has been run based on Anecdotal Evidence2. DW&BI and currently Big Data Descriptive Analytics give businesses the „Vision‟3. Big Data Inferential Analytics give businesses the „Intelligence‟o The Worlds Front Runners in Virtually Every Industry Segment are the strongest in Big Data Analytics e.g. o Capital One, Visa, American Express, PayPal o Amazon, Walmart, eBay o Linkedin, Facebook, Square o Google, Yahooo Data is a Strategic Asset just short of being put on a Balance Sheet *
  12. 12. * Mckinsey - 140k-190k analytics positions, and 1.5m data- savvy managers needed* Soon a Realization will set in that the existing managers who make decisions on instinct and experience will mostly not make the change into Data Driven Management culture and might have to be let go. Some tough decisions will need to be made* Your managers will in high probability internally come up from the technical ranks who are data savvy. Or externally from other Technology Majors/Companies who already have that culture* Trust me when I say Big Data „Technology‟ is the easy part for a seasoned technologist and as of today is mostly a no brainer. The hard part is the Strategic Management Cultural Shift *
  13. 13. * There are many tactical and operational things you can do with big data. Those should be done in the second phase after the strategic intent has been achieved and the platform is opened up for everyone across the company.* You can also boil the ocean and collect all data, create an elaborate enterprise information architecture and infrastructure for all eternity. McKinsey taught us not to do that. ;-)* The answer depends on what‟s strategic to you, don‟t pick prospective projects from cookie cutter lists floating around for big data adoption in various industries* Ask – What is our Strategy?* What decisions do we need to make?* What data do we need to make those decisions?* How do we aggregate that data?* What‟s the minimal setup required to use this data for the above corporate strategy?* What one or two business functions are the most important for phase #2* The Plan * Think incremental, * Start small, * Get an early win with the pilot * Go top down in phase #1 * Go bottom up in phase #2 *
  14. 14. Aditya!!! *