This ppt is a theoretical presentation of different types of communication taking place in the real world be it informal or technical. This ppt is much more useful to the technical students pursuing their under graduate course.
Laxmi Institute of Tech.
Branch : Electronics and
Topic 1 : Process and Parts
The communication process
The sender encodes
the message or idea
and the receiver
decodes and acts
upon it. On
sender receives a
Modes of communication
• 1. Simplex Mode:- In this mode
of communication, only one way
communication is possible.
Example is radio and television
broadcasting. In this mode there
is just one communication
channel. so, we can receive data
on that channel but could not be
able to transmit on same
Half-Duplex: In this mode of
communication is possible but one
at a time. If there is a location A
and B so we can send data from A
to B or from B to A but one at a
time. Example is walkie-talkie or
Push-to-Talk. In this mode there is
also a single communication
channel but it can be used in both
direction for transmission.
3.Full-Duplex: In this mode of
communication is possible in both
directions simultaneously . It
means data can be sent from A to B
and from B to A at same time.
Example is Telephone/Mobile
Communication. We can listen and
talk at same time on telephone. In
this mode there are two
communication channels one for
each direction of transmission.
Essentials for effective
a) Common communication environment
b) Cooperation between receiver and sender
c) Selection of proper channel
d) Correct encoding and decoding
e) Desired response
This informal network is very active in almost all organizations. In
fact some organizations use it consciously to develop their human
resources and increase their productivity.
General and technical
Not for specific purpose
No set of pattern
Technical words and
graphics are not used
Contains a general
Formal in style and
Always for specific
purpose and people
Follows a set pattern
Uses graphics and
Contains a technical
1) Extra personal
Communication between human beings and non human
entities is extra-personal communication.
the animals who live with you are more than
child substitutes, more than "pets" kept for our
amusement or our personal companionship.
All animals are, in fact, sentient beings -
conscious and intelligent, with life purposes
and goals. They are aware of themselves and of
their situations. They are capable of feeling the
entire range of emotions we so arrogantly have
labeled "human". They make life choices. They
often express unconditional love for the
humans who are part of their families.
This takes place within the individual. Self-
determination, self-motivating takes place at this level.
Communication at this level refers to the sharing of
information among people. It is advantageous because
direct response and feedback is possible.
It is extremely necessary for survival of an organization
For this kind of communication we require a mediator to transmit
information . There are several mass media such as journals, books, TV etc.
This type of communication is persuasive and sender should take utmost
care in encoding the message
Barriers to effective communication
1)Material or Physical Barrier: This is the main hurdle or barrier in
effective communication at workplace. This barrier in the company
comprises large working area which is physically estranged from each
other. Other things due to which physical barrier rises may be the
organizational environment or noise coming from back.
2)Linguistic Barrier: Different language and vocabulary is another barrier
in communication. Language is vague in nature and its words are
symbols which hardly represent only one meaning. It is the language
only that plays vital role in every field so it should be kept in mind
that proper language and words are used. In today’s world if you send
your message to another person in his language then it will be more
effective and in this way the communication can be made effectively.
3)Cultural Barrier: This communication barrier arise when two people of
any organization belongs to different culture, place or religion. There are
many other factors of cultural barrier like age, social position, mental
difference or thinking behavior, economic status, political views, values
and rules, ethics or standards, motives and priorities.
a)Sudden reactions: Many times while communicating, a listener makes comment
or criticizes the message sender without waiting for the sentence to be completed.
b)Unfair assumptions: Never make wrong assumptions of the message as it
creates great confusion.
c)Being overconfident about self knowledge.
It is important to remove barrier to effective communication in order to streamline
and smoothen the whole process.
Presented by: Aditi K. Shah
But this is not the end……… to be continued
with newer section: Types of interviews
Preview of types of interview