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Introduction to symfony


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In this PPT, We will cover the basics of the Symfony Framework.

Introduction to MVC, Need for Framework
Use of Composer and Installation of Symfony
Using an IDE for development and debugging
Basic info regarding the framework
Doctrine, Routers, Controller, Twig, Assetic

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Introduction to symfony

  1. 1. Introduction to Symfony Adithya Uday (@adithyau) PHP Meetup Session - Bangalore 31st Jan 2015
  2. 2. About Me A passionate developer who likes to solve real world problems. Using PHP for my hobby projects since 5 years. Currently working in Accenture as Senior Software Engineer ( SAP - ABAP ).
  3. 3. About this Session We will cover the basics of the Symfony Framework. We will have one fast paced example of a meetup attendence tracker app Please ask questions after end of each topic. The presentation and the code will be uploaded to github and slideshare.
  4. 4. Agenda Introduction to MVC, Need for FrameworkMVC Use of Composer and Installation of Symfony Using an IDE for development and debugging Installation Basic info regarding the frameworkArchitecture Doctrine, Routers, Controller, Twig, AsseticComponents
  5. 5. MVC
  6. 6. Example
  7. 7. Need for MVC Without MVC With MVC
  8. 8. Frameworks When you use a framework, the basic structure for MVC is already prepared and you just have to extend that structure thus enfocing you to use the MVC and many other best practices. Further Read :
  9. 9. Installation Wamp/ Lamp Server : apache-mysql-php-lamp-stack-on-centos-6 Netbeans PHP version Symfony:
  10. 10. Composer Composer is like Google Play for PHP But with version selection also Get it at
  11. 11. Netbeans IDE Point the Symfony ZIP file location in Tools >>Option >> PHP >> Frameworks and Tools
  12. 12. Netbeans IDE Point the Composer.Phar file location in Tools >>Option >> PHP >> Frameworks and Tools
  13. 13. Netbeans IDE Create a new Symfony Project in Netbeans Installation and usage :
  14. 14. Debugging in IDE Install XDebug using Wizard: Configure the XDebug : Change the PHP.ini to add extension and configure [xdebug] zend_extension = "xxxx" xdebug.remote_enable=1 xdebug.remote_host= xdebug.remote_mode=req xdebug.remote_port=9000 xdebug.remote_handler=dbgp xdebug.idekey=netbeans-xdebug
  15. 15. Debugging in IDE Configure the Netbeans Create a run configuration for the web link Put breakpoint and run debugging
  16. 16. Hello World Navigate to yoursitepath/web/app_dev.php/demo
  17. 17. Symfony Framework app: The application configuration, templates and translations src: The project's PHP code. vendor: The third-party dependencies.(Read Only) web: The web root directory. composer.json: Composer file which indicates additional packages/libraries required
  18. 18. Symfony Components
  19. 19. Symfony Commands Its a CLI for symfony. Symfony commands can be used to run commonly performed actions in Symfony.
  20. 20. Bundles A bundle is nothing more than a directory that houses everything related to a specific feature, including PHP classes, configuration, stylesheets, JS files etc,. Creation of Bundle can be done using generate:bundle command
  21. 21. Config Files config.yml: Main config file for doctrine,twig and other components parameters.yml: holds the values for the literals/parameters used in config routing.yml: Main router of the symfony security.yml: Controls access levels permissions etc
  22. 22. Type of Config Files Annotations YML file My recommendations: Annotations for Entity Rest all YML file
  23. 23. Symfony Architechture kernel (app.php, app_dev.php) Routers Controller Twig Doctrine Request Response
  24. 24. Routers Decides the controller method to be called based on the URL path. Can take the parameter values from URL and pass it on to Controller. Powerful enough to differenciate between GET and POST requests
  25. 25. Controller Acts like a linker between business object and the presentation layer. Router will pass the control to specific function in the controller class along with parameters from URL. Main job is to get the data from business object, process it and prepare the data to be displayed/sent back to user.
  26. 26. Doctrine: ORM Model part in MVC is handled by Doctrine in Sympony. It acts like an ORM and Database Abstraction Layer. Also provides persistence services to the application layer reducing the load to the database.
  27. 27. Uses of ORM Perfect database abstraction: Can migrate to another DB in one simple shot Knows the relationships between the database. Handles all validations, before commit operations etc., there by reducing significant code. Provides a persistent layer for intermediate operations and large I/O database operations.
  28. 28. Entity Entity files are used to describe the table properties and schema. This can be used to then create the same in underlying database. Has following information: Table name Field properties Setter/Setter functions Associations/Relationships Events
  29. 29. Creation of Entity files We can use Sympony commands to automate most of the tasks related to Entity doctrine:generate:entity => Will create all the required entity files doctrine:database:create =>Save the schema and table in database doctrine:schema:create=> Create the tables with the new schema doctrine:schema:update=> Update the DB with the new schema
  30. 30. Doctrine in Action Will take some time to master the Doctrine commands alternatives for 'SELECT' and other DB operations command. A pure OOP way of getting the data. The result of doctrine query is an OBJECT not ARRAY.
  31. 31. CRUD generator Most of the business objects/ tables have Create , Read , Update ,Delete operations. We can use the Sympony's inbuilt CRUD generator to reduce our significant effort. It creates appropriate controllers, form controllers, views etc,. doctrine:generate:crud
  32. 32. Twig A template engine for Sympony. Main task is to get the data(Array) from controller and render it according to the template.
  33. 33. Twig Features Supports Inheritance : We can override or extend a base template. Supports simple programming commands like FOR,IF etc Can create URL links by calling routes.
  34. 34. Twig Features Advanced feature: Supports Asset Can be used to club the JS/CSS or external files into a minfied versions. It can also run filters / optimizer before minifiing the versions More info:
  35. 35. Tips Archive your knowledge / Learnings. Try for real with a hobby project. Be a Lazy developer : Search before you code. Rome was not built in one day. Focus on business logic development , not on configuration.
  36. 36. Quiz I am the one who assigns the work to the proper controller and method depending upon the URL parameters. Who Am I ?
  37. 37. Quiz I am a Persistent layer and also act like ORM / Database Abstraction. People sometimes call me as Model ;) Who Am I ?
  38. 38. Quiz I By using ______ in Twig, we can minify or run the optimizer for static files like JS/CSS etc
  39. 39. Quiz I am an installer which can be used to download and install many popular PHP libraries. Some call me Google Play for PHP. Who Am I ?
  40. 40. Quiz Something is wrong here kernel (app.php, app_dev.php)Routers Controller TwigDoctrine Request Response
  41. 41. Resources Symfony Getting Started Book: Symfony Best Practices: Screencasts: Jobeet Tutorial with Symfony2:
  42. 42. Comments Any comments / suggestions ? Feel free to contact me at adithyau[ at ] / @adithyau
  43. 43. Thank you !