IPv6 & The Internet Today


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IPv6 & The Internet Today

  1. 1. IPv6 & The Internet TodayWhat’s happening around the worldAdil Hidayat Bin RosliNational Advanced IPv6 (NAv6) CentreUniversiti Sains Malaysia (USM)adil@nav6.usm.my | +6019.419.5411 | http://www.nav6.usm.my Copyright © 2011 NAv6, Universiti Sains Malaysia
  2. 2. Intro:  What  is  IPv6?  •  Developed  in  the   1990s  •  IPv6  is…?  •  IPv1,  v2,  v3,  v5..   IPv7?   Features   IPv4   IPv6   Size   32  bits   128  bits   Space   4,294,967,296   340,282,366,920,938,463,463,3 74,607,431,768,211,456   NotaGon   doHed  decimal  notaGon   hexadecimal  with  colons  
  3. 3. Intro:  IPv4  vs  IPv6  
  4. 4. Can  we  use  IPv6,  now?  
  5. 5. What  else  supports  IPv6?  
  6. 6. What  else  supports  IPv6  (v2)  ?  
  7. 7. IPv4:  What  happened  on     4th  February  2011  Source : http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-12306573
  8. 8. IPv4:  What  happened  on     4th  February  2011  Source : http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/
  9. 9. IPv4  address  depleGon  is  a  reality  
  10. 10. ASIA  IPv4  Doomsday   Source:  h3p://www.apnic.net/publica<ons/news/2011/final-­‐8  
  11. 11. News:  DifficulGes  obtaining  IPv4   Source : http://www.circleid.com/posts/20110214_ipv6_the_high_volteage_telephony_generator/
  12. 12. News:  You  can  now  sell  IPv4  Source : http://www.circleid.com/posts/20110214_ipv6_the_high_volteage_telephony_generator/
  13. 13. The  world  is  moving  to  IPv6..fast  
  14. 14. The  Internet  Big  Picture  INTERNET  USAGE  STATISTICS  World  Internet  Users  and  PopulaGon  Stats   Source  =  hHp://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm  
  15. 15. DrasGc  measures  by  USG   Upgrade public/external facing servers and services (e.g. web, email, DNS, ISP services, etc) to operationally use native IPv6 by the end of FY 2012; Upgrade internal client applications that communicate with public Internet servers and supporting enterprise networks to operationally use native IPv6 by the end of FY 2014; Designate an IPv6 Transition Manager and submit their name, title, and contact information to IPv6@omb.eop.gov by October 30, 2010. The IPv6 Transition Manager is to serve as the person responsible for leading the agency s IPv6 transition activities, and liaison with the wider Federal IPv6 effort as necessary; and, Ensure agency procurements of networked IT comply with FAR requirements for use of the USGv6 Profile and Test Program for the completeness and quality of their IPv6 capabilities.
  16. 16. DrasGc  measures  by  USG   Release Date: February 2010 The purpose of Guidelines for the Secure Deployment of IPv6 is to provide information security guidance to organizations that are planning to deploy IPv6 technologies or are simply seeking a better understanding of IPv6. The scope of this document encompasses the IPv6 protocol and related protocol specifications. IPv6-related security considerations are discussed with emphasis on deployment-related security concerns. The document also includes general guidance on secure IPv6 deployment and integration planning.
  17. 17. Malaysia:  What’s  our  IPv4  stats  Malaysia s IPv4 pool status Allocated   Adver<sed   Unadver<sed   %  Used   6,366,720   5,416,960   949,760   85.08%  
  18. 18. Malaysia s  Deployment  Timeline  •  Ministry  of  Energy,  Water  and  CommunicaGons  (MEWC  @   KTAK)1  had  iniGated  the  establishment  of  Na<onal  IPv6  Council   in  2004  •  NAv6  Centre  was  also  established  in  2005  as  experts  to  advice   and  guide  the  government.  •  The  NaGonal  IPv6  Council  of  Malaysia  has  stated2:   ISPs  by  2006   Public  Sector  by  2011   Malaysia  by  2012   1 – Now know as Ministry Of Information, Communication And Culture (MICC) @ (KPKK) 2 – The timeline has been revised by the Government in 2010
  19. 19. Malaysia’s  IPv6  iniGaGve:   ISP  IPv6  Compliance  Audit  IPv6 Compliance Audit for ISPs Phase 1 :- Basic IPv6 Connectivity Phase 2 :- ISP Interconnectivity Phase 3 :- Implementation of IPv6 for Commercial ServicesPhase 2 Compliance Audit :7 December until 21 December 20091. Celcom (M) Berhad2. DiGi Telecommunications Sdn Bhd3. Extreme Broadband Sdn Bhd4. Global Transit Communications Sdn Bhd5. JARING Communications Sdn Bhd6. Maxis7. NTT MSC Sdn Bhd8. Optical Communication Engineering Sdn Bhd9. Packet One Networks (M) Sdn Bhd10. Telekom Malaysia Berhad11. TT dotCom Sdn Bhd12. TM Net Sdn Bhd Phase 1 Compliance ISP Audit executed on March 2007 Source: http://www.skmm.gov.my/link_file/tenders/pdf10/notification_IPv6_audit_phase2.pdf http://nav6.usm.my/Research/isp.php
  20. 20. Malaysia’s  IPv6  iniGaGve:   ISP  IPv6  Compliance  Audit  Phase1:     Phase  2:   Phase  3:  •  Basic  connecGvity,   •  Inter-­‐ISP   •  Commercial  Network  •  IPv6  ApplicaGon   connecGvity   Services   funcGonality     •  Advanced  Network   Services    •  TransiGon   •  Broadband  Services  (Wi-­‐ mechanism   Fi,  3G  etc.)   •  Full  ConnecGvity  Note * - Phase 2 and Phase 3 are primarily focus for ISP
  21. 21. Malaysia:  DNS  &  Domains  Total .MY domains in Malaysia Source : http://www.domainregistry.my/
  22. 22. Malaysia:  DNS  &  Domains  Total .MY domains that supports IPv6 Source : http://www.domainregistry.my/
  23. 23. Malaysia’s  IPv6  iniGaGve:   IPv6  Compliance  Audit   Another achievement for the global IPv6 community. •  The Malaysian .my Domain Registry has taken the initiative to undergo the Phase-1 IPv6 Compliance audit offered by NAv6 for their Secondary DNS Server on the 23rd April 2010. •  This is the 3rd audit conducted for .my Domain Registry. •  The 1st audit in April 2008 was to verify their network connectivity while the 2nd audit also in 2008 was done on their Primary DNS Server. •  NAv6 would like to extend our heartiest congratulations to .my Domain Registry for their initiatives and accomplishments as one of the global key organization spearheading the IPv6.MY Domain Registry is IPv6 implementations. enabled 1st  Audit  April  2008   2nd  Audit  2008   3rd  Audit  April  2010  
  24. 24. Malaysia’s  IPv6  iniGaGve:   IPv6  TransiGon  Guideline  for  Public  Sector  CollaboraGve  effort  between  KTAK,  MAMPU,  NAv6  and  several  key  agencies.  Made  available  to  the  public  on  4th  January  2010  http://www.mampu.gov.my/pdf/suratarahankp040110.pdf Document covers: •  IPv6 implementation in Malaysia •  Introduction to IPv6 •  Management Structure •  Recommended Phases of IPv6 implementation at agencies •  Phase 1 •  Phase 2 •  Phase 3
  25. 25. IPv6  TransiGon  Guideline  for  Public  Sector   Explaining  Phase  1  Phase  1  is  targeted  at  gefng  the  agencys  main  office  (HQ)  capable  of  supporGng  IPv6  and  achieving  secure  global  connec<vity.     What  need  to  be  done:   •  Plan  the  budget,  network  architecture  and  other  consideraGons.   •  Set  up  a  simula<on  laboratory  @  Test  Lab.   •  Perform  a  comprehensive  compliance   and  security  audit.   •  Set  up  few  applica<ons  to  take   advantages  of  IPv6.   •  Evaluate  the  implementaGon.  
  26. 26. IPv6  TransiGon  Guideline  for  Public  Sector   Explaining  Phase  2  The  objecGve  of  Phase  2  is  to  replicate  the  Phase  1  setup  in  a  branch  office.     What  need  to  be  done  is  similar  to  Phase  1:   •  Plan  the  budget,  network  architecture  and  other  consideraGons.   •  Set  up  a  simula<on  laboratory  @  Test  Lab  (if  required).   •  Perform  a  comprehensive  compliance  and  security   audit.   •  Set  up  few  applica<ons  to  take  advantages  of  IPv6.   •  Evaluate  the  implementaGon.  
  27. 27. IPv6  TransiGon  Guideline  for  Public  Sector   Explaining  Phase  3  Phase  3  is  geared  towards  migraGng  applicaGons.  It  is  best  to  choose  an  applicaGon  that  has  a  significant  value  to  the  organizaGon  for  the  migraGon  process.   Making  the  applicaGon  IPv6  aware:  potenGal  issues  to  look  for:       •  The  applicaGon  was  purchased  and  the  vendor  is  no  longer  suppor<ng  it.   •  It  is  an  in-­‐house  built  applicaGon  whereby  the  current  developers  are  not   trained  in  developing  applicaGons  for  IPv6.   •  Modifying  or  porGng  the  current  applicaGon  will  incur  a  high  cost  in  data   migraGon.  
  28. 28. Sample  Deployment:     Enabling  IPv6  on  MoF’s  Web  Portal  1   2   3  
  29. 29. Five  Steps  On  The  Path  To  IPv6  •  Focus  on  IP  address  design  and  management.     •  Start  the  IPv6  prefix  assignment  applicaGon  process  now.  Stop  worrying   about  conserving  addresses  and  start  thinking  about  adding  meaning  to   individual  hex  digits.    •  Update  network  support  systems     •  Do  you  have  an  internal  DNS  infrastructure?  Can  nameservers  support   both  IPv4  A  and  IPv6  AAAA  records?  If  theyre  dual  stacked,  how  do  they   respond  to  a  name  query  when  there  are  both  IPv4  and  IPv6  addresses   assigned?  •  Budget  for  security  updates  and  exper<se     •  End-­‐to-­‐end  IPsec  notwithstanding,  security  systems  tend  to  be  the  problem   children  in  IPv6  deployments.  Not  everything  will  survive  the  transiGon,  so   allocate  some  funds  here.  
  30. 30. Five  Steps  On  The  Path  To  IPv6  •  Understand  the  lingo     •  Tools  for  monitoring,  logging,  alarms,  configuraGon  management,  and   change  management  have  to  understand  IPv6,  not  speak  it.  •  Have  end-­‐to-­‐end  training     •  Dont  limit  IPv6  educaGon  to  IT.  Going  all-­‐IPv6  posiGons  your  company  as  a   technology  leader.  Make  sure  customer-­‐facing  personnel  can  tell  the  story.  
  31. 31. Building  Human  Resource:  CerGfied  IPv6  Network  Engineer  (CNE6)   [ http://nav6.usm.my/Academic/training.php ] The  aim  of  this  IPv6  training  program  is  to  give  in  depth   informaGon  on  the  transiGon  from  IPv4  to  IPv6  and   expose  the  parGcipants  on  the  technical  experGse   needed  in  the  deployment  of  IPv6  in  the  organizaGons   network.  
  32. 32. CNE6  Level  1  Course  Outline   [ http://nav6.usm.my/Academic/training.php ]
  33. 33. CNE6  Level  2  Course  Outline   [ http://nav6.usm.my/Academic/training.php ]
  34. 34. Prepared by Adil Hidayat @ 28 March 2011