Chapter 2 Development, Value & interaction

1,229 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,229
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
138
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 2 Development, Value & interaction

  1. 1. THE DEVELOMENT OF CIVILIZATION, ITS VALUE AND INTERACTION UTT1022 ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION AND ASIAN CIVILIZATION (TITAS) ADIBAH SULAIMAN @ MOHAMAD Centre of Core Studies, USIM Room No.: A3 066 (FEM) Phone No. : 06-7988 6366 Email: GOALS/ FB 1
  2. 2. THE CONCEPT OF DEVELOPMENT OF TAMADUN, ITS VALUE AND ITS INTERACTION INTRODUCTION TO THE CONCEPT OF DEVELOPMENT OF TAMADUN THE THEORY OF FLUCTUATION OF CIVILIZATION FACTORS OF ITS BIRTH, DEVELOPMENT, AND COLLAPSE THE DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES AMONG CIVILIZATIONS UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS CIVILIZATIONS INTERACTION 2
  3. 3. THE INTRODUCTION OF CONCEPT OF DEVELOPMENT OF CIVILIZATION Developing Rise/birth The dynamic nature of world civilizations Downfall 3
  4. 4. THEORY OF FLUCTUATION OF CIVILIZATION Number of phases Founder Name of theory THEORY Cycle Ibn khaldun Five Linear Quigley Seven Wave Akbar S. Ahmed 4
  5. 5. CYCLICAL THEORY • Luxury, extravagance, abuse • Loss of manners, morals and identity 3. The peak phase •Leader embraces power •Existence of two groups of society 2. The stage of development • Establishment of a new dynasty • High sense of belonging & solidarity 1. The stage of beginning 5
  6. 6. CYCLICAL THEORY • Resentment, resistance, internal and external conflict4. The decline phase • Destruction of a dynasty / kingdom / civilization • A dynasty / government / new civilization5. The phase that rises again 6
  7. 7. LINEAR THEORY 7
  8. 8. WAVE THEORY 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 Teachingof Islam Teachingof Islam 8
  9. 9. FACTORS OF THE BIRTH OF CIVILIZATION Geographical location The rule of religion The appreciation of ethics, values, and moral • The generation of surplus income and quality of life Economic impetus • SolidarityThe unity of society •The increase of skills & technology production The tribulations of life • Openness to other civilizations The interaction with other civilization 9
  10. 10. FACTORS OF THE DECLINE OF CIVILIZATION Lack of solidarity Instability of economy Loss of adab, value & akhlaq Cruelty Loss of openness Natural disaster 10
  11. 11. SIMILARITIES AMONG CIVILIZATION Theology Religions The concept of God, except for Buddhism Doctrines & specific deeds Islam & Christianity Life in the hereafter & reward and punishment in the hereafter Buddhism & Hinduism The concept of ‘reincarnation’ & ‘karma’ 11
  12. 12. DIFFERENCES AMONG CIVILIZATIONS Theology Manifestation of God Islam - Tauhid Jews – association of Propeht with God Kristian - Trinity Hinduisme - Trimurt Manifestation of the ritual worship 12
  13. 13. UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS (Family values) Family - Community foundation Confucianism Conceptofwulun Marriagetodeliver anewgeneration Islam Munakhatprinciple Pleasureofparents Hinduism Ashramadarma SystemofPhysical& spiritualsupport 13
  14. 14. UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS (Societal values) Islamic civilization Bond of kinship, religion & humanities Concept of ummah Concept of takwa China civilization cognation Status vs level of education and skills Power of men and fathers India civilization Concept of dharma System of kasta 14
  15. 15. UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS (Values in politic & government) Islamic civilization Politic & religion are not separated Al-Farabi, al-Mawardi, al-Ghazali Indian civilization Loyalty to the King Kautilya Chinese civilization Confucius doctrines Mo-Tze, Lao-Tze, Kung Fu-Tze 15
  16. 16. UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS (Values in environment) Environment Islam, Buddhism & Christian Grace of God and man as a guard Hinduism Divine Power – to be worshiped 16
  17. 17. UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS (Values in economic) Economic concept of universal moral China civilization Noble Eightfold Path Islamic civilization Ethical Principle Western civilization (middle age) Moral & ethical business 17
  18. 18. UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS (Values in education) Education construction of the noble qualities Islam Concept of Tauhid Spiritual Dimension Buddhism & Hinduism self-discovery 18
  19. 19. UNIVERSAL VALUES OF CIVILIZATIONS Health is affected by environment Restoring the balance of the body is important 19
  20. 20. Ying & Yang Concept (Chinese Civilization) Always the opposite, helping each other. The balance of Ying and Yang will affect health. Without balance, the body will fall sick. 20
  21. 21. Religion Value Custom Culture Social System Thinking Technology Relations, Meetings, Communications & Partnership between individuals, groups, community, & country Purpose Form INTERACTION OF CIVILIZATIONS 21
  22. 22. Type of interaction Same culture Various tribes in a culture Eg.: Hindus & Indian Muslim Culture & various civilization A different racial culture & beliefs Eg.: Muslim & Buddhist society in Southeast Asia Strong civilization & weak civilization In terms of power & influence Eg.: Muslim & Christian society 22 INTERACTION OF CIVILIZATIONS
  23. 23. Some factors of interaction Geography Economics Politics Religion Leadership Openness 23 INTERACTION OF CIVILIZATIONS
  24. 24. Positive (Malaysia’s Contexts) • Malay & the Indians • Malay & the Chinese • Malay & the Arabs • Malay & the aborigines Negative (Malaysia’s Contexts) • May 13, 1969 • Kg Medan March 2001 INTERACTION OF CIVILIZATIONS 24

×