The Many Faces of ADHD Jenna Knight ADHD Coach/Advocate October 16, 2012
About Presenter• Jenna Knight, ADHD Coach & founder of Never Defeated Coaching.• Coach Training o Coachville: • Introduced to the coaching dynamics • Underlying skills and strategies coaches need to make a positive difference in the lives of individuals with ADHD. o In the process of taking further coaching training through the ADD Coaching Academy.• Affiliations: o ADHD Coaching Organization o Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) o Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA)• Other Activities: o Served as the chair of the Massachusetts Statewide Rehabilitation Council Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (LD/ADHD) Task Force. • Task Force worked with the M.R.C. on the unidentified and unaddressed employment needs of consumers
ADHD: What It is & Is NotWhat is ADHD?•ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.•ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder that manifests as a persistent pattern ofinattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity in two or more settings, that is morefrequently displayed and is more serve than is typically seen in other people at acomparable level•The three core symptoms are o Inattention – Unable to pay attention and/or o Hyperactivity – Being more active than usual and/or o Impulsivity – Acting suddenly without control•Only a trained health care provider can accurately diagnose ADHD
ADHD: What It is & Is NotWhat ADHD Is Not•ADHD is not caused by anything you have done and is not caused by badparenting•ADHD is not a measure of how smart a person is•ADHD is not a lack of willpower or desire
ADHD SymptomsChildren – (Ages 6-12)•Easily distracted•Homework poorly organized, contains errors and often not completed•Often disruptive in class, blurts out answers before the answer is completed•Fails to wait turn in games•Often out of seatAdolescents (Ages 13-17)•Displays inner restlessness•Schoolwork disorganized, shows poor follow through•Fails to work independently•Has difficulties in school setting with peers
ADHD SymptomsAdults•Inattention/concentration problem•Disorganized and fails to plan ahead•Difficulty initiating and completing projects/tasks•Shifts activities prematurely•Midjudges available time•Forgetful, looses things•Has difficulty at work with concentration, focus, etc.•Problems with social interactions
What causes ADHDThe exact origin of ADHD is unknown, but researchers believe the disorder maybe caused by one or more of the following factors1.Genetics2.Brain Chemistry3.Environment
ADHD & Co-existing ConditionsCommon Conditions that often co-exist with ADHD•Oppositional Defiant Disorder•Learning Disabilities•Anxiety•Obsessive Compulsive Disorder•Depression•Drug Abuse•Bipolar Disorder•Sleep Problems•Tourettes Syndrome
TreatmentTreatment for ADHD is multifaceted. ADHD treatment should betailored to meet the unique needs of individuals with ADHD•Education•Medication•Coaching•Therapy
How Common is ADHD?Children•The prevalence of ADHD among U.S. school aged children (aged 3-17) is up to 9%(up to 5 million children)•ADHD is more common in boys (13.2%) than girls (5.6%) and is more common innon Hispanic White and African American children than Hispanic children.•Diagnoses rates varied by geographical region•Higher rates are found in the Southeastern United States with North Carolina andLouisiana having the highest rates•Lower rates were generally found in the Western and Southwestern United Stateswith Nevada and New Mexico having the lowest ratesAdults•A recent National Institute Mental Health survey found that an estimated 4.4% ofadults ages 18-44% in the United States•Adult ADHD is more common in adult males (64.1%) than females (35.9%)•Adult ADHD is more common by race in Caucasians (73.5%), African Americans(6.2%), Hispanic (15%) and other (5.3%)
Challenges with ADHDChildren/Adolescents•Children with ADHD were more likely to have major injuries (59%) vs. childrenwithout ADHD (49%)•Young people with ADHD are at greater risk of involvement in motor vehiclecrashes, drinking and driving and traffic violationsParents•Parents of children with a history of ADHD report almost 3 times as many peerproblems as those of without a history of ADHD (21.1% vs. 7.3%)•Parents report that children with a history of ADHD are 10 times more likely tohave difficulties that interfere with friendships (20.6% vs.2.0%)Adults•Research shows that adults with ADHD are 2 - 4 times more likely to beterminated from their job•Workers with ADHD were more likely to have at least one sick day in the pastmonth compared to workers without ADHD
Challenges with ADHD continuedCosts•According to new research, ADHD cost the U.S. economy between$143 billion and $266 billion in 2010, or roughly $2,000 perhousehold. o Lost work productivity (62 percent) o Expenditures related to health care (26 percent) o Education (10 percent) o Criminal justice system (2 percent).
Positive Aspects of ADHD• Sensitive • Down to Earth• Compassionate • Loyal• Empathetic • Great Sense of Humor• Charming personality • Spontaneous• Open- Minded • Energetic• Trusting • Difficult to Fool• Intuitive • Humble
Strategies for Managing ADHD for the ADHD’er• Ask for repeated instructions• Break large assignments or job tasks into small, simple tasks.• Set a deadline for each task and reward yourself as you complete each one.• Each day, make a list of what you need to do. Plan the best order for doing each task. Then make a schedule for doing them. Use a calendar or daily planner to keep yourself on track.
Strategies for Managing ADHD for the ADHD’er• Work in a quiet area. Do one thing at a time. Give yourself short breaks.• Write things you need to remember in a notebook with dividers. Keep the book with you all of the time.• Post notes to yourself to help remind yourself of things you need to do. Tape notes -wherever youre likely to need the reminder.• Create a routine.• Exercise, eat a balanced diet, and get enough sleep.
Strategies for Managing ADHD for Parents• Adjust your disciplinary methods• Adjust family routines and lifestyles to be more predictable and consistent both for yourself and for your child• Distinguish between the things your child does that are annoying but harmless and are just part of who they are• Make a concerted effort to not get overly involved in the child with ADHD leading to interacting less with the other children in the household• Plan ahead when possible• Seek social support from people who are experiencing similar problems
ResourcesChildren & Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorderwww.chadd.orgAttention Deficit Disorder Associationwww.add.orgNational Resource Center on ADHDwww.help4adhd.orgADDitude Maganizewww.additudemag.com
BibliographyUnderstanding ADHD: A Guide to Help Answer Your Questionshttp://www.adhdandyou.com/documents/understanding-adhd-adult.pdfADHD: What Do Symptoms Look Like At Different Ages?http://www.adhdandyou.com/adhd-patients/symptoms-of-adhd/signs.aspxADHD in Childrenhttp://www.helpguide.org/mental/adhd_add_signs_symptoms.htmADD/ADHD Parenting Tipshttp://www.helpguide.org/mental/adhd_add_parenting_strategies.htmAdult ADD/ADHDhttp://www.helpguide.org/mental/adhd_add_adult_symptoms.htmADHD Statisticshttp://www.addrc.org/adhd-statistics
BibliographyCenter for Disease Control and Prevention: Data and Statisticshttp://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.hmtlADHD Awareness Week: The Many Faces of ADHD: ADHD in the U.S. Populationhttp://www.adhdawarenessweek.org/content/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/ADHD-in-the-US-Population-FINAL-English.pdf