ADHD Facts and Figures

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Find out the facts with this attractive presentation about ADHD by the ADHD Support Group.

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  • I have ADHD or ADD and have moved to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia to accept a professional position about six months ago. Before arriving in Saudi Arabia, my American doctor gave me three months supply of Adderall. I take Adderall because methylphenidate does not work properly for me and I suffer bad side effects. After my first three months in Riyadh, I ran out of the American prescribed Adderall and was forced to take Saudi prescribed Concerta. It has not worked properly since I began taking it, and I am suffering serious side effects. What little benefit there was in taking it has worn off dramatically. This is hurting my job performance and threatening my career. I do not know what to do!!! Do you have any suggestions? Thank you.
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  • Patients with ADHD had 2.6 times more medical claims during the year than the non-ADHD comparison subjects (source?)
  • ADHD Facts and Figures

    1. 1. ADHD Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Facts and Figures
    2. 2. ADHD is a neurobiological disorder affecting children and leads to inattention , impulsivity and hyperactivity
    3. 3. These Symptoms are present in everybody but in varying severity ADHD
    4. 5. These symptoms are predominant among individuals with ADHD
    5. 6. Symptoms of inattention Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities Often doesn’t listen when spoken to directly Often forgetful in daily activities Quickly loses interest ADHD
    6. 7. Symptoms of hyperactivity Often runs about or climbs excessively in inappropriate places Difficulty engaging in leisure activities quietly Talks excessively Often fidgets with hands and feet or squirms in seats ADHD
    7. 8. Symptoms of impulsivity Can’t wait or delay his/her task Hard time in waiting for his/her turn Difficulty in repressing what they have to say Fearless because doesn’t think or worry about consequences Difficulty in raising hand and waiting to be called on Attracted to high risk behavior Answers without thinking ADHD
    8. 9. Secondary Symptoms Low self-esteem Poor social skills Poor organizational skills Needs instant gratification Easily over stimulated ADHD
    9. 10. Heredity This is the most common cause - 80% of cases Acquired Neurological Deficit injury to the developing brain during pregnancy, delivery or postnatal Probable causes of ADHD
    10. 11. <ul><li>Prevalence </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><li>2- 18% </li></ul><ul><li>Latest Study </li></ul><ul><li>8% </li></ul>
    11. 13. Worldwide Prevalence India 5.2 – 29% China 6.1 – 8.9% New Zealand 6.7% Australia 7.5 – 8.8% Canada 1.1 – 8.9 % Brazil 5.8% Holland 1.8 – 3.8% Germany 4.2%
    12. 14. Prevalence in Saudi Arabia KKUH Riyadh 12.6% Elementary Schools Dammam 16.7%
    13. 15. <ul><li>Conducted on 1278 pupils in 77 elementary schools </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence: 7.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Date: 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>ADDES rating scale </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt public health 2008 (3-4): 165- 82 </li></ul><ul><li>Bahrain Medical Bulletin vol 30, No2, Jan 2008 </li></ul>Dr Jamal Al Hamed’s Eastern Region study Elementary School Students Dammam 7.1%
    14. 16. <ul><li>199 Children (82% Saudi) </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence: 22% </li></ul><ul><li>Date: 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>DSM III Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Saudi Med J 1996: 17 (1): 36- 41 </li></ul>Study conducted in King Khalid University Hospital KKUH Study Riyadh 6.1%
    15. 17. Prevalence in Arab States
    16. 18. For a correct diagnosis all the following conditions must be met
    17. 19. There is no quick fix or cure for ADHD However a multimodal approach of medical, psycho-social, and educational interventions has the greatest effectiveness in treatment of ADHD symptoms Treatment
    18. 22. Negative Impact
    19. 23. 17.4 15.5 ADHD and Smoking Age Source : McClernon, Kollins 2008
    20. 24. 75% 27% Source : McClernon, Kollins 2008 ADHD and Smoking Smoking before age 16
    21. 25. Source : Barkley, ADHD Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment Illicit Substance Abuse
    22. 26. Source : Barkley, ADHD Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment Antisocial Tendencies
    23. 27. Economic Burden
    24. 28. comparison subjects patients Source : ADDERS.org Number of Medical Claims
    25. 29. Work loss cost, adults & family members $U.S. 3.7 billion Healthcare of family members $U.S. 14.2 billion Patient’s healthcare costs $U.S. 12.1 billion ADHD Treatment $U.S. 1.6 billion Total: $31.6 billion Source : Birnbaum, et al. 2005. Excess Cost of ADHD
    26. 30. In billions of U.S. dollars drugs 58 ADHD 77 Annual Cost
    27. 31. Expenditure (direct cost) Payment (direct + indirect cost) Source : Swensen, et al. 2003. Increased Cost for Patients and Families
    28. 32. Low Cost of Treatment $U.S. per employment costs
    29. 33. Famous people with ADHD
    30. 34. Walt Disney
    31. 35. Agatha Christie
    32. 36. Michael Phelps
    33. 37. Albert Einstein

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