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  1. 1. Referencing (HARVARD) By Ian Cole
  2. 2. <ul><li>Demonstrate use of the Harvard system of referencing. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Why, What, How of referencing. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understand the guidelines for the submission of written work. </li></ul>Referencing (HARVARD)
  3. 3. <ul><li>Quote from the Student Handbook: </li></ul><ul><li>“ A reference list must be provided, using the Harvard referencing system” </li></ul><ul><li>DoHS student handbook 2001/2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix G page 45. </li></ul>Referencing (HARVARD)
  4. 4. Referencing (HARVARD) <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge debts to other writers. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your assignment is based. </li></ul><ul><li>Enable the reader(s) to locate your sources easily. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Referencing Conventions (HARVARD) <ul><li>What ? </li></ul><ul><li>Citing/Citation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The way that (you) the writer refer to texts that you wish to include in your work – example to follow. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can also be all of the information retrieved from a bibliographical database search. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an alphabetical list describing each source that you have used. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a list of material you have used for information or inspiration but have not referred to directly in the text. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. A paraphrase is... <ul><li>your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form. </li></ul><ul><li>one legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate documentation) to borrow from a source. </li></ul><ul><li>a more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Method of citation <ul><li>Mention author(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Date of publication </li></ul>Cole and Kelsey (2003) conclude that…. According to Cole (2001 p 25) ‘the evidence suggests these systems will not continue unless……’
  8. 8. Referencing Conventions (HARVARD) How ? London: Book Reference: Author(s),. (Date) Title . Edition. Place: Publisher. Nicklin, P., and Kenworthy, N. eds., (2000) Teaching and Assessing in Nursing Practice . 3rd ed. Bailli è re Tindall. Journal Reference: Nicklin, P. (2001) Safety Conscious. Health Management. 5 (5), 24-25.
  9. 9. Referencing Conventions (HARVARD) <ul><li>prepare citation in text (check spelling and date!) </li></ul><ul><li>Write the reference (or a prompt note) and insert (alphabetically) into reference page </li></ul><ul><li>when ‘proof reading’ check each citation in the reference list </li></ul><ul><li>keep your references for ‘re-cycling’ </li></ul>How to do it
  10. 10. Referencing Exercise <ul><li>Practice at </li></ul><ul><li>writing references </li></ul>
  11. 11. Referencing Exercise <ul><li>Journal: </li></ul><ul><li>Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. Journal Title , Volume (part), pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Burnham, J.F. ( 1994 ) Information management education for students in the health care professions: a coordinated, integrated plan. Medical Reference Services Quarterly. 13(2):45-62. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Referencing Exercise <ul><li>Journal: </li></ul><ul><li>Author Surname, Author Initial(s). (Date) Article title. Journal Title , Volume (part), pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Blythe, J., and Royle, J.A. (1993) Assessing nurses' information needs in the work environment. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association . 81(4), p433-5. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Referencing Exercise <ul><li>Journal - Online: </li></ul><ul><li> Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. [format] Journal Title , Place of Publication: Publisher: Available at: <URL> [ Accessed Date]. </li></ul><ul><li>Drury, R.M. (1997) Considerations in planning a computer learning lab for nursing students. [online] On-Line Journal of Nursing Informatics . Available at: </li></ul><ul><li>[Accessed 25 March 2003] </li></ul>
  14. 14. Referencing Exercise <ul><li>Journal: </li></ul><ul><li>Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. Journal Title , Volume (part), pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Birx, E., Castleberry, K. and Perry, K. (1996) Integration of laptop computer technology into an undergraduate nursing course. Computers in Nursing . 14(2), p108-12. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Guidelines for submission of written work </li></ul>