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Japan Group Project

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Japan Group Project

  1. 1. J A P A N
  2. 2. J A P A N
  3. 3. H I S T O R Y <ul><li>300 BCE: Early Japanese were hunters and gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>300 BCE—300 CE: introduction of rice agriculture, social hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>300—538 CE: Japan is mostly unified, tombs are made for the deceased </li></ul><ul><li>400: Korea introduced Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>1192—1892: Shoguns (military leaders) rule, Imperial leaders only exist in relative obscurity </li></ul><ul><li>1542: Portuguese introduce firearms and Christianity to Japan </li></ul><ul><li>1792: The Russians unsuccessfully try to establish trade relations with Japan </li></ul><ul><li>1854: Commodore Matthew Perry forces the Japanese government to open a limited number of ports for trade </li></ul><ul><li>1868: Shoguns abolished by Emperor Meiji </li></ul><ul><li>1889: Parliamentary gov’t formed </li></ul><ul><li>1894-95: Sino-Japanese War. </li></ul><ul><li>1904-05: Russo-Japanese War. </li></ul><ul><li>1910: Annexing of Korea </li></ul><ul><li>1914-18: Japan joins allied forces in WW1. </li></ul><ul><li>1937: Second Sino-Japanese War starts </li></ul><ul><li>1941: Pacific War starts. </li></ul><ul><li>1945: Japan surrenders after two atomic bombs are dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. </li></ul><ul><li>1946: The new constitution is promulgated. </li></ul><ul><li>1952: The Allied Occupation of Japan ends. </li></ul><ul><li>1956: Japan becomes member of the UN. </li></ul><ul><li>1970s—1980s: 2 nd largest economy after the United States </li></ul><ul><li>1990s: Economic downturn </li></ul><ul><li>2001: New Prime Minister, 11 th in 13 years </li></ul>
  4. 4. L A N G U A G E <ul><li>Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>Has pitch accent, unlike English that has stress accent </li></ul><ul><li>Five vowels: a, e, i, o, u </li></ul><ul><li>Main consonants: k, s, t, n, h, m, y, r, w and the nasal syllabic N. </li></ul><ul><li>Was mainly an oral language until the introduction of the Chinese character system </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Generally written vertically from bottom to top, right to left </li></ul><ul><li>Also written horizontally from left to right </li></ul><ul><li>Three Types of Writing: </li></ul><ul><li>Kanji: Chinese symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Hiragana: syllabary, or set of written symbols that represent syllables that make up words </li></ul><ul><li>Katakana: syllabary </li></ul><ul><li>Latin is also sometimes used for computers, and foreigners who have not learned the three above </li></ul>
  5. 5. F O O D Sushi <ul><li>One of the most popular dishes, usually served on special occasions </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: a dish containing rice which has been prepared with sushi vinegar </li></ul><ul><li>Several Different Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigiri – Small rice balls w/fish, shellfish, tuna, shrimp, eel, squid, octopus, and fried egg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gunkan – Small cups made of sushi rice & dried seaweed filled with seafood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norimaki – Sushi rice & seafood rolled in dried seaweed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temaki – Cones made of nari seaweed & filled w/sushi rice, seafood, & vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oshizushi – Pressed Sushi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inari – Simple and inexpensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chirashi – Dish in which seafood, mushroom, and vegetables are spread over sushi rice </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. T R A D I T I O N S <ul><li>Sumo Wrestling </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese style wrestling </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s national Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Originated in ancient times </li></ul><ul><li>Performed to entertain the Shinto Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Rule: </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestler who either first touches the floor w/something other than his feet or is the first to leave the ring, loses. </li></ul><ul><li>Fights usually only last a few seconds </li></ul><ul><li>6 Tournaments a Year: </li></ul><ul><li>Each Lasting 15 days </li></ul><ul><li>3 in Tokyo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One in Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wrestlers’ Hierarchy (Banzuke): </li></ul><ul><li>Yokozuna (Grand Champion) </li></ul><ul><li>Once a Yokozuna one cannot lose his rank </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestlers: </li></ul><ul><li>20 – 35 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Workout </li></ul><ul><li>Eat large amounts of food & go then go to bed to gain mass </li></ul><ul><li>Live in special sumo stables </li></ul><ul><li>Strict rules </li></ul><ul><li>More so for lower ranked wrestler </li></ul>
  7. 7. R E L I G I O N <ul><li>Shinto </li></ul><ul><li>No Founder or Sacred Scriptures </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto’s God called Kami </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Goddess Amaterasu most important Shinto Kami </li></ul><ul><li>After death one becomes a Kami </li></ul><ul><li>No absolute right or wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody is perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Optimistic faith </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced to Japan in 6th Century </li></ul><ul><li>90 Million Buddhist in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Has many different groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendai Sect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shingon Sect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judo Sect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judo-shinshu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zen Sect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lotus Hokke or Nichiren Sect </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. A R T S A N D E N T E R T A I N M E N T Japan Arts and Entertainment Comics, Manga, and Anime TV and Movies Video Games
  9. 9. B I B L I O G R A P H Y <ul><li>&quot;Japan.&quot; Information Please Database . 2008. Pearson Education, Inc. 21 Oct. 2008 <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/a0107666.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Japan History Overview.&quot; Japan-Guide.com. 21 Jan. 2004. 21 Oct. 2008 <http://www.japan- guide.com/e/e2126.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Miyagawa, Shigeru. &quot;The Japanese Language.&quot; Http://web.mit.edu . 13 Oct. 1999. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 20 Oct. 2008 <http://web.mit.edu/jpnet/articles/japaneselanguage.ht ml>. </li></ul><ul><li>Schauwecker, Stefan. (1996-2008). Japan Guide. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2008. From www.Japan-Guide.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tribalshapes.com/img/tattoos/artistic.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.quietbay.com/Interests/japanese/language/images/ hiragana.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tokyowithkids.com/fyi/japanese/katakana/kk2.gif </li></ul>
  10. 10. E N D Presenters Jason Ritenour as Moderator and A & E Specialist Hannah Wilson as History and Language Specialist Huu Le as Traditions and Religions Specialist Thank You!

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