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  1. 1. Ethiopia Culture Unleashed
  2. 2. Investigation Team <ul><ul><li>Aaron Devendorf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gabriel Manzione </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kaitlin Bush </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kelly Helmer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We Ask The Hard Questions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Culture Matters Says Aaron <ul><li>Why does culture matter? </li></ul><ul><li>The way we speak to and hear one another </li></ul><ul><li>We can identify with a different group, or prejudge one </li></ul><ul><li>We must learn tolerance and understanding and strive to know and respect other cultures </li></ul><ul><li>our and Ethiopian culture matters </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Abyssinia” Kaitlin Elaborates <ul><li>Abyssinia, probably Arabic, meaning “mixed” in terms of population. </li></ul><ul><li>Now Ethiopia. Linguists believe it comes from the Greek, meaning “sunburned faces,” otherwise known as Etiopik, the descendant of Noah. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world and the oldest on the continent of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>-Ethiopian statehood has been established since some time in the 10th Century BCE, and an Ethiopian Dynasty was created in Egypt in 720 BCE. </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ Birthplace of Mankind” Kaitlin Continues <ul><li>Lucy Australopithecus Afarensis, the predecessor of homo sapiens, our species. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia's Great Rift Valley and other regions  are most probably the birthplace of the human race. </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Ethiopia” Go Kaitlin Go <ul><li>Ethiopia is an extremely diverse country, and there are no “real” Ethiopians, as the country’s population is a large mixture of all Native Africans. </li></ul><ul><li>32.1% Oromo, 30.1% Amara, 6.2% Tigraway, 5.9% Somalie, 4.3% Guragie, 3.5% Sidama, 2.4% Welaita, 15.4% other. </li></ul><ul><li>There are at least two major languages; Amarigna and Oromigna, while English is the primary second language. </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ GOVERNMENT” Kaitlin Tells All <ul><li>Formal Country Title: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Branch similar to U.S. with Chief of State(elected), Head of Government and cabinet. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Government Continued Kaitlin Tells A Little More <ul><li>Legislative Branch: House of Federation – Upper Chamber responsible for interpreting the constitution and federal-regional issues. House of People’s Representatives – Lower Chamber responsible for passing legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch: Federal Supreme Court  -  recommended by the Prime Minister and appointed by the House of People’s Representatives. </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ Economics” Kaitlin Knows the Deal <ul><li>Agriculture, agriculture, agriculture! </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture accounts for about half of Ethiopia’s GDP, 60% of its exports and 80% of its total employment. (coffee, coffee, coffee) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia is extremely poverty stricken (about 40% of its population below poverty line) and because their economy is so dependent on agriculture, they suffer when weather is not conducive to their crops. </li></ul><ul><li>The estimate GDP per capita in 2007 was $700. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Been Around a While Thoughts by Kelly <ul><li>Ethiopia is 3.2 million years old and is considered the origin of mankind </li></ul><ul><li>It is the oldest independent country in Africa </li></ul>
  11. 11. Diverse and Religious Keep it going Kelly <ul><li>Ethiopia is the size of Texas and is home to 82,544,840 people. </li></ul><ul><li>There are around seventy-seven known ethnic groups but most of the population is known to be part of the Tigreans, Oromo, or Amara groups. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Ethiopia are nomadic or semi-nomadic. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three main religions in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Christian, Muslim, or they hold true to traditional customs  </li></ul>
  12. 12. On Holiday Kelly Exclusive <ul><li>January 1 New years Day </li></ul><ul><li>January 7 Genna the Ethipian Christmas: the birth of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>January 19 Timkat the Ethiopian Epiphany: baptism of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>march 2 Adwa Day the Cictory by menelik II over Italy in 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>April 6 Patriot Day Celebrates the end of italian Occupation in 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>May 1 Internatioal Labour Day </li></ul><ul><li>May Ethiopian Good Friday </li></ul><ul><li>May Fasika the Ethiopian Easter Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>May Idd al Fitr the end of the month of fasting for Ramadan </li></ul><ul><li>August Idd al Adha  </li></ul><ul><li>August 21 Buhe </li></ul><ul><li>September 11 Enkutatash </li></ul><ul><li>September 27 Maskal-Finding of the True Cross </li></ul>
  13. 13. Say What (Language) Tell us Kelly <ul><li>There are seventy-seven known ethnic groups in Ethiopia. </li></ul><ul><li>There are eighty-three recorded languages in Ethiopia. </li></ul><ul><li>There are roughly eight main spoken languages. </li></ul><ul><li>The official language is called Amharic and the major foreign language taught is English. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What to Wear Fashion by Kelly <ul><li>Clothing depends on climate </li></ul><ul><li>In Highlands </li></ul><ul><li>Wear heavy cloth capes and wraparound blankets </li></ul><ul><li>Wear white cotton cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Wear trousers, a tight shirt, and a Shamma or a loose wrap. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional dress: lions? mane or baboon skin headdress and brandish a hippo </li></ul><ul><li>In Lowlands </li></ul><ul><li>Wear brightly colored cotton </li></ul>
  15. 15. Kelly Concludes <ul><li>Don’t forget about Ethiopian </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Dress </li></ul>
  17. 17. OBELISKS Gabriel Explains Again
  18. 18. Rock Carved Churches Tell it Like it is Gabriel
  19. 19. In Conclusion <ul><li>How Different are our two cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Both our nations are incredibly diverse </li></ul><ul><li>Several different languages spoken by diverse people </li></ul><ul><li>Many religions and ideologies </li></ul><ul><li>But material wealth is obviously different and is considered part of American culture </li></ul><ul><li>In many ways we are the same </li></ul>