Modals auxiliaries (AdeS)

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Modals auxiliaries (AdeS)

  1. 1. Modals auxiliaries Grammar 4th Semester Ade Sudirman, S.Pd
  2. 2. Pre-test 1. Saya dapat belajar bahasa Inggris dimanapun yang saya ingingkan. 2. Mereka tidak akan bisa menemanimu besok. 3. Dia seharusnya bertanya dulu kepada saya. 4. Penyanyi itu harus menyanyikan dua buah lagu barat di atas sebuah panggung yg sangat kecil tadi malam. 5. Kita tidak boleh melanggar aturan yang kita buat.
  3. 3. Answer 1. I can study English wherever I want. 2. They will not be able to accompany you tomorrow. 3. He should ask me first. 4. The singer had to sing two western songs on a very small stage last night. 5. We may not disobey the regulation that we make.
  4. 4. Introduction
  5. 5. Modals auxiliaries Present Past Can Could May Might Will Would Shall Should Must - Ought to - Need -
  6. 6. Form Positive: I must go now. Negative: You shouldn`t go to bed so late. Questions: Can you help me? Short answer: Yes, we can. Modals auxiliaries always stay the same, they cannot be : Put into different tenses, used as infinitive and gerund.
  7. 7. Form (cont….) Modals + Active Passive Bare infinitive: Must take Be + present participle: Must be taking Have + past participle: Must have taken Have been + presnt participle: Must have been taken Be + past participle: Must be taken Have been + past participle: Must have been taken
  8. 8. Practice I promise to phone you next week. At the age of nine, he still didn`t how to read. It`s essential that we leave on time tomorrow morning. Are you able to come with me tonight? It`s not a good idea for you to work so hard.
  9. 9. Answer I will phone you next week. At the age of nine, he still couldn’t read. We must leave on time tomorrow morning. Can you come with me tonight? You shouldn’t work so hard.
  10. 10. Ability : Can, could, be able
  11. 11. • Refer to general ability to do something. • She can sing really well. Can and could • To talk about skills that will be acquired in the future. • I’ll be able to drive by next summer so we can hire a car. Will be able • Adjective or noun to talk about possibility. • She can be very charming when she wants to be. Can be • For different grammatical forms that are not possible with can. • I like being able to work at home. be able • Conditional sentences. • I couldn’t have done it if I hadn’t had your help. Could have
  12. 12. Habit and used to
  13. 13. “Used to” is not modal. I used to work there. I didn’t use to work there. Did I use to work there? “Would” and “used to” talk about past habits: When we were children, my brother and I used to fight all the time. When we use “would” to talk about a past habit, it is necessary to use a past time reference. Before I got this job, I used to out out a lot. When we talk about past conditions (not actions), we can use “used to” not “would”. We used to live in a flat in the town center.
  14. 14. Practice • I . . . have lots of free time before I started working here. • They . . . be happy together but they’re not now. • When I was at school, I . . . (never) do my weekend homework until Sunday evening. • He. . . go for a run every day.
  15. 15. Answer • I used to have lots of free time before I started working here. • They used to/ would be happy together but they’re not now. • When I was at school, I would never/ never used to do my weekend homework until Sunday evening. • He used to go for a run every day.
  16. 16. Idiomatic Modals Verbs
  17. 17. The end

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