English morphology, introduction (AdeS)

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English morphology, introduction (AdeS)

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION ADE SUDIRMAN, S.Pd ENGLISH DEPARTMENT MATHLA’UL ANWAR UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. Introduction Linguistics level Pragmatic Semantic Syntactic Morphological Phonology Meaning Dealing with language in use Dealing with meaning Dealing with sentence-structure Dealing with word-structure Dealing with sound systems
  3. 3. WHAT IS MORPHOLOGY? The branch of linguistics (and one of the major components of grammar) that studies word structures especially in terms of morphemes. Adjective: morphological. (http://grammar.about.com/od/mo/g/morphologyterm. htm)   Katamba (1993) says that Morphology is the study of word structure.
  4. 4. Morpheme Definitions Ingo Plag (2003) says, “Morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit.”  Hanafi (2003) states that morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit of an utterance.  Morpheme is the smallest difference in the shape of a word that correlates with the smallest difference in a word or sentence meaning or in grammatical structure. (Katamba: 1993) 
  5. 5. BOUND AND F RE E M o r p h e me s Bound Morphemes – cannot occur unattached. Free Morphemes – can stand on its own. (root words and function words) Ex. glasses glass – free morpheme -es – bound morpheme
  6. 6. FREE MORPHEMES Lexical Category (content words) • • • • Noun Adverb Adjectives Verb Grammatical Category (function) • • • • Pronoun Conjunction Preposition Article
  7. 7. BOUND MORPHEMES • Affixes (prefixes, suffixes, infixes, circumfixes) -derivational -inflectional DERIVATIONAL Ex. Impossible Im- deriv. Possible – root word
  8. 8. How many morphemes? A A book A green book A thick green book
  9. 9. Morphological Interface 1. Morpho-Phonological Interface 1. Liberty (noun) 2. Independence (noun) 2. liberties (noun plural) independency (noun) Morpho-Syntactical Interface 1. Anis laughed at her friend. 2. They love each other.
  10. 10. Thank you

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