ADE SUDIRMAN, S.Pd
MATHLA’UL ANWAR UNIVERSITY
Dealing with language in use
Dealing with meaning
Dealing with sentence-structure
Dealing with word-structure
Dealing with sound systems
WHAT IS MORPHOLOGY?
The branch of linguistics (and one of the major
components of grammar) that
studies word structures especially in terms of
morphemes. Adjective: morphological.
Katamba (1993) says that Morphology is the study
of word structure.
Ingo Plag (2003) says, “Morpheme is the
smallest meaningful unit.”
Hanafi (2003) states that morpheme is the
smallest meaningful unit of an utterance.
Morpheme is the smallest difference in the
shape of a word that correlates with the
smallest difference in a word or sentence
meaning or in grammatical structure.
BOUND AND F RE E
M o r p h e me s
Bound Morphemes – cannot occur
Free Morphemes – can stand on its own.
(root words and function words)
glass – free morpheme
-es – bound morpheme