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Employment Issues Part 1

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Commerce Year 10

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Employment Issues Part 1

  1. 1. EMPLOYMENT ISSUES Part 1 Year 10 Commerce, Mr Shipp 2015
  2. 2. Types of Employment • Employer - A person or organisation who employs workers under a contract of employment. Employers exercise some control over their workers and are responsible for the payment of wages or salaries and for providing a safe working environment. • Employee - A person working under the control or direction of another, according to a contract of employment and in return for a wage or salary.
  3. 3. Activity Time As we research each employment option, please complete the following table Type of Employment Description Advantages Disadvantages
  4. 4. Activity Time Outline which employment option you would prefer when you leave school. Justify your answer
  5. 5. Changing Work Patterns • Due to global forces the nature of work patterns are changing for Australian workers • rapid growth of outsourcing, changes to work hours, the change in jobs throughout a career and a reduction of full time workers are some of the changes
  6. 6. Changing Work Patterns in 2014 Australia
  7. 7. • Demographic Changes - increase in women working, retirement age will change from 65 to 67 • Casualisation - increase to the amount of these workers • Technological change - people working from home, technology replacing humans • Flexible working conditions
  8. 8. Casualisation of the Workplace
  9. 9. Benefits of Education and Training for Employment • A love of learning develops stronger skills and greater prospects of job opportunities • A multi skilled worker will also have the ability to adapt to a changing jobs market
  10. 10. Albert Einstein “Intellectual growth should commence at birth and cease only at death.”
  11. 11. ActivityTime
  12. 12. Types of Employment Contracts • Both employer and employee are bound by an employment contract • It is important to remember that once you accept the contract you may be bound to certain working conditions
  13. 13. Award • An award outlines the minimum conditions for workers in a particular industry • Some employers will pay above the award to keep their workers compared to their competitors
  14. 14. Enterprise Agreement • Negotiation between employee and employer to decide an agreed contract of work and pay conditions • Enterprise Agreements can be arranged through the assistance of a union/federation
  15. 15. Fair Work Agreement
  16. 16. Individual Workplace Agreement • These agreements are done on a one to one basis and can often be a secret between the boss and the worker • There is a potential threat to job security and entitlements of workers under this arrangement
  17. 17. Common Law Agreements • Agreements not done under a contract but both employer and employee have rights under common law if one party does not follow procedures
  18. 18. Rights and Entitlements of Workers
  19. 19. Unemployment • Cyclical Unemployment • When there is not enough aggregate demand in the economy to provide jobs for everyone who wants to work
  20. 20. • Frictional Unemployment • The time period between jobs when a worker is searching for or transitioning from one job to another
  21. 21. • Structural Unemployment • focuses on the structural problems within an economy and inefficiencies in labor markets.

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