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Smart cities


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David Klingberg, Director & Principal - David Lock Associates
Spoke at the Adelphi Digital 'hold on tight' - executive breakfast briefing on:

Smart cities
The Rise of Smarter More Sustainable and Liveable Cities

Published in: Technology
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Smart cities

  1. 1. Presented by: David Klingberg and Ian Stott David Lock Associates and ITP August 2016 SMART CITIES The Rise of Smarter More Sustainable and Livable Cities Breakfast Executive Briefing for Adelphi Digital
  2. 2. David Lock Associates is a specialist international town planning and urban design consultancy with a drive to imagine ‘the people and places of tomorrow’.
  3. 3. Tech Precinct WA – Curtin University and Tech Park WA Integrating New Town Centre and Transport Infrastructure • Specialist international planning, urban design and transport planning • Masterplanning • Strategic planning • Statutory planning • Landscape design • Transport planning • High quality plans and graphics We have experience
  4. 4. • Creation of new places • Physical, social and environmental development • Development of smart cities • Integration of transport planning in urban development • An holistic approach • At a wide range of scales • Region • Sub-region • City We have experience
  5. 5. Smart Cities - The New Urban Fabric Smart Cities thinking and application is weaving its way into what we do, how we work and how we live and interact.
  6. 6. Smart Cities: today’s presentation • The Imperative • Entering the mainstream • What is a smart city? • How do we make smarter cities? • How can we deliver smarter cities?
  7. 7. Some Findings • Smart and smarter cities are here to stay • We can deliver better cities using a smart cities framework • Different objectives are needed to be achieved depending on the place and conditions of the place • We don’t have to deliver it all at once • Cities need to find their own definition of smart • There is strong and legitimate role for architects, planners and urban designers to play in the delivery of smarter more sustainable and liveable cities • We have to remember the human scale – its about the people
  8. 8. • In 2012, 26 urban areas were classed as mega cities (>10 million people) • Asia most populous: 60% world’s population The Imperative - Mega Cities
  9. 9. Smart Cities: the Imperative • Humanity is officially an urban species – at this moment, more than half of us live in cities • The number of city dwellers is expected to double by 2050 to more than six billion people – the number alive on earth right now • The number of megacities (10 million or more) will increase from three in 1950 to twenty-seven by 2025, housing 450 million among them
  10. 10. The Imperative - Global Warming & Resource Depletion Cities consume... • World’s energy 75% • Greenshouse gases 80% (Ghgs production)
  11. 11. Growing Populations vs Scarce Resources • A ‘unrecognizable’ world by 2050?
  12. 12. Smart Cities: the Imperative The world’s governments are poised to spend a staggering $35 trillion in infrastructure in the next two decades, the majority on transport and urbanism
  13. 13. From Wikipedia • A smart city (also smarter city) uses digital technologies to enhance performance and wellbeing, to reduce costs and resource consumption, and to engage more effectively and actively with its citizens. • Key 'smart' sectors include transport, energy, health care, water and waste. A smart city should be able to respond faster to city and global challenges than one with a simple 'transactional' relationship with its citizens. What is a Smart City?
  14. 14. • Interest in smart cities is motivated by major challenges, including climate change, economic restructuring, the move to online retail and entertainment, ageing populations, and pressures on public finances. What is a Smart City?
  15. 15. Popularisation – Entering the Mainstream
  16. 16. Value of the Smart Cities market • The U.S Market research firm Markets and Markets adopted a more general definition – which includes smart building and urban and cyber security among other technologies – and estimated the market at $1 trillion by 2016 • The UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) evaluated the global market for smart solutions and estimated its value to reach $400 billion by 2020 of which 10% can be reaped by the UK • The global business consulting firm Frost and Sollivan valued the market at $1.5 trillion by 2020.
  17. 17. What is a Smart City? The Six Objectives (EU & Giffinger et al)
  18. 18. What is a Smart City? The Six Objectives – Multiple Elements The Smart City Mandala
  19. 19. Delivering Smart Cities: remember the human scale
  20. 20. A Two Step Process Step 1. Smart city implementation and development relies on access to available and quality: • Knowledge and communication; and • Social infrastructure Step 2. Combination of technology with other organisational, design and planning efforts to speed up bureaucratic processes and deliver new innovative solutions to city management and development to improve sustainability and liveability Delivering Smart Cities
  21. 21. What is a Smart City? The Six Objectives (EU & Giffinger et al)
  22. 22. Objective One: Smart Governance
  23. 23. The elements • Excellent participation in public life • Great public and social services • Open and transparent governance The delivery – strategies and actions • ICT and e-governance • Transparency and open data • Responsive on-line government and decision making • State of the art interactive tools and on line workshops • World class education facilities and training • High quality, safe and comfortable public places to meet and interact
  24. 24. DLA/ITP ICT TOOLS • Instaplan • Illustrative DLA • Smart data collection • GTFS feed creation
  25. 25. ILLUSTRATIVE DLA • A relatively simple app, that uses google maps. • It provides the user with a drop down list of current sites. • On clicking the chosen site the map directs you to the overlays the existing master plan/parameter plan/ framework plan etc for that site. The map can be viewed either from above or oblique. • Clickable elements to the map bring up site statistics (land use table, size of site, proposed site facilities etc. )
  26. 26. Objective Two: Smart Environment
  27. 27. The elements • Sustainable environmental conditions • High air quality (no pollution) • Ecological awareness • Sustainable resource management The delivery – strategies and actions • Green energy planning and delivery • Green urban planning and design • Green buildings
  28. 28. David Holden, Associate Director Predictive Analytics + Climate Change CCAP Precinct
  29. 29. Predictive Analytics + Climate Change
  30. 30. Predictive Analytics + Climate Change
  31. 31. Objective Three: Smart Living
  32. 32. The elements • Culturally and economically vibrant • Happy people • Safe places • Healthy people The delivery – strategies and actions • Deliver excellent housing quality • Provide security • Ensure cultural facilities • Provide healthy conditions • Deliver world class education facilities • Integrate tourist attractions and services • Guarantee economic welfare
  33. 33. Smart Living means different things to different people
  34. 34. Objective Four: Smart Mobility
  35. 35. The elements • World class (inter-) national accessibility • Excellent local accessibility • A sustainable transport system • Accessible and integrated it- infrastructure The delivery – strategies and actions • Aerotropolis – global connectivity • Well designed multi-modal interchanges and access – tod • World class public transport network • Prioritised clean & non motorised options • Integrated brt/ light rail network • Comprehensive walking and cycling network • Blue and green networks • Integrated ict
  36. 36. On your bike Velib bicycle rental scheme in Paris has been copied in many cities worldwide Day of rest Cars are banned from streets of Bogota, Columbia on Sundays; city filled with pedestrians, cyclists & roller bladders instead
  37. 37. Urban transport systems “Open data” in transit Open connectivity
  38. 38. International Experience
  39. 39. Holistic approach • Evidence-based knowledge • Independent insight • Involve people in design processes • User-centred transport planning… • … integrated into other facets of ‘place’ • Practical focus on sustainable outcomes • Effectively inform strategic decisions • Build capacity and openly share knowledge
  40. 40. Mexico City Open Transport Data
  41. 41. Manila Road Transit Rationalisation
  42. 42. Collideoscope
  43. 43. Cebu Traffic - data tools
  44. 44. Objective Five: Smart People
  45. 45. The elements • Support high levels of qualification • Support lifelong learning • Promote ethnic plurality • Promote open-mindedness The delivery – strategies and actions • Develop university and technology precincts • Develop innovation, incubator and business hubs • Create places for cultural festivals and public events • Create gathering places – places for outdoor living and interaction • Support a high quality lifestyle – good housing, good schools, safety, vibrancy and comfort
  46. 46. Next City: How Dating Apps Are Changing the Way We Behave in Public
  47. 47. Next City: How Dating Apps Are Changing the Way We Behave in Public “For all the handwringing about “hookup” apps undermining monogamy, fewer have wondered how their use of proximity to serve up potential matches is changing users’ perceptions of the city. Based on sheer numbers and intensity, they must be. Grindr’s rise was a watershed in a cruising culture that had always relied on coded signals and assignations in public space. Today, 38 million messages are exchanged daily through the app, many in countries where homosexuality is a capital crime.” Greg Lindsay
  48. 48. Objective Six: Smart Economy
  49. 49. The elements • Support an innovative spirit and entrepreneurship • Promote an economic image & trademarks • Increase productivity • Provide flexibility of labour market • World class (inter-) national accessibility The delivery – strategies and actions • Aerotroplis development – global connectivity – e.g. • Deliver innovation and business hubs • Promote and embed world class institutions, businesses and facilities • Attract and support world class events • Support a high quality lifestyle – great housing and services, world class public transport, safety, vibrancy and comfort
  50. 50. Songdo City, Korea • 607 acres (6km2) • Test bed: new technologies • Digital form of life • Cisco sold over 20,000 units telepresence: its advanced videoconference system
  51. 51. Delivering Smart Cities: The Six Objectives (EU & Giffinger et al)
  52. 52. What are the barriers to progress? 1. Constrained demand from cities for smart initiatives 2. Business models for rolling out smart technologies are still underdeveloped 3. Cities lack technology-related skills and capacity 4. Cities find it difficult to work across departments and boundaries 5. Cities have limited influence over some basic services 6. Concerns about data privacy, security and value 7. Increasing citizen take up and participation is difficult
  53. 53. What should be done – Public and private ? The Government should make funding available to test new products and initiatives and also make sure that: • Efforts are coordinated rather than isolated • Initiatives like the Smart Cities Forum (a UK Government Initiative) should involve representatives and gather insights from all the relevant sectors • Interventions stay flexible and steer away from focusing on certain sectors/initiatives, recognising that cities have varying needs and challenges.
  54. 54. What should be done – Public and private ? The private sector should: • Work in partnership with cities on designing products and services that are financially viable and respond to local needs and challenges • Publicise international solutions that might to replicated and partner with cities to test new products • Work with relevant parties to identify and build the business models needed to take projects forward
  55. 55. Delivering Smart Cities: Our Approach
  56. 56. In Conclusion • Smart and smarter cities are here to stay • We can deliver better cities using a smart cities framework • We don’t have to deliver all of the smart cities objectives all at once • Different objectives are needed to be achieved depending on the place and conditions of that place • Cities need to find their own definition of smart • There is strong and legitimate role for architects, planners and urban designers to play in the delivery of smarter more sustainable and liveable cities • We have to remember the human scale – its about the people
  57. 57. David Lock Associates Contact: David Klingberg THANK YOU Level 2 / 166 Albert Road South Melbourne Victoria 3205 t: +61 3 9682 8568