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GEOFFREY CHAUCER,
POLITICIAN AND WRITER.
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION.
 1343- 1400
 FATHER AND GRANDFATHER: VINTNERS (wine





makers)
CHAUCER: from CHAUSSEUR: SHOEMAKER.
When 16: Page to the COUNTESS OF ULSTER. She
was the daughter –in-law of Edward III.
COURT CIRCLE.
EDWARD III invaded FRANCE: Chaucer travelled
there (1359.)
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
 1360: CAPTURED IN FRANCE.
 EDWARD III paid 16 pounds as ransom.
 1366: CHAUCER marries PHILIPPA DE ROET.
 PHILIPPA:
 A) “LADY-IN-WAITING” TO Edward III´s queen ;
 B) JOHN DE GAUNT ´s wife sister.
 They had 3 or 4 children.
 Philippa received a pension for COURT

EMPLOYMENT.. She died 1387.
CHAUCER´S TRAVELS AND ACTIVITIES:
 He studied LAW in the INNER TEMPLE, an INN OF






COURT.
VALET DE CHAMBRE of EDWARD III (member of
the Court) in 1367 (he was 24).
1368 he TRAVELLED TO MILAN and met other
important writers, such as: JEAN FROSSART and
PETRARCH.
1373: TRAVELLED TO PICARDY, GENOA AND
FLORENCE. He met BOCACCIO.
1378 he was SENT AS ENVOY (espy) to MILAN.
CHAUCER´S ACTIVITIES
 1374: COMPTROLLER OF THE CUSTOMS for the

PORT OF LONDON.
 1380: COMMISSIONER OF PEACE SENT TO
KENT. (French invasion was a possibility).
 1389: CLERK OF THE KING´S WORKS (foreman
organising the buildings projects. He conducted
repairs on Westminster Palace, and continue
building the wharf at the Tower of London). 2
shillings a day, a good salary.
 1390: KEEPER OF THE LODGE at the KING´S
PARK in FECKENHAM, honorary appointment.
CHAUCER´S ACTIVITIES.
 1390: DEPUTY FORESTER in the royal forest of







North Petherton, Somerset.
1394: He is granted an annual pension of 20 pounds by
Richard II
1399: The new king renews his pension.
1399: He takes a lease on a residence within the close
of WESTMINSTER ABBEY.
Believed to have died of unknown causes October
1400.
Buried in Westminster Abbey in London, now in the
area known as POET´S CORNER.
CHAUCER´S MAJOR WORKS:
 FIRST MAJOR WORK: THE BOOK OF THE







DUCHESS: ELEGY for BLANCHE OF
LANCASTER, commissioned by her husband JOHN
TDE GAUNT. 1374.
THE HOUSE OF FAME.
ANELIDA AND ARCITE.
PROLIFIC PERIOD: When he held the job of
COMPTROLLER of CUSTOMS for LONDON. (13741386)
PARLEMENT OF FOULES/ THE LEGEND OF
GOOD WOMEN.
MAJOR WORKS:
 TRANSLATIONS:
 TRANSLATION OF ROMAN DE LA ROSE (THE








ROMAUNT OF THE ROSE).
ASTRONOMY WORKS:
TREATISE ON THE ASTROLABE.
THE EQUATORIE OF THE PLANETS (although
some authors state it does not come from Chaucer).
SHORT POEMS AND BALADS:
An ABC.
Against Women Unconstant.
SPURIOUS WORKS:
 PEOPLE CREATED A MYTH: THE PROTESTANT







CHAUCER, THE LOLLARD CHAUCER.
BUT PROTESTANTISM DID NOT EXIST AT THAT
TIME.
SPURIOUS: THE PILGRIM´S TALE. (XVI CENT).
THE PLOUGHMAN´S TALE (a Lollard satire).
The testament of Love.
REFRAIMED MANUSCRIPTS: Many
manuscripts belonged to other poets and they made
“additions” to the original works.
CHAUCER´S INFLUENCE
LINGUISTIC
INFLUENCE
LITERARY
INFLUENCE

• RHYME ROYAL/
IAMBIC PENTAMETER
• STANDARDISE
LONDON DIALECt

POETS: IMITATION.

• SOURCE OF THE
ENGLISH
ENGLISH VERNACULAR
TRADITION.

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Geoffrey chaucer, politician and writer

  • 2. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION.  1343- 1400  FATHER AND GRANDFATHER: VINTNERS (wine     makers) CHAUCER: from CHAUSSEUR: SHOEMAKER. When 16: Page to the COUNTESS OF ULSTER. She was the daughter –in-law of Edward III. COURT CIRCLE. EDWARD III invaded FRANCE: Chaucer travelled there (1359.)
  • 3. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION  1360: CAPTURED IN FRANCE.  EDWARD III paid 16 pounds as ransom.  1366: CHAUCER marries PHILIPPA DE ROET.  PHILIPPA:  A) “LADY-IN-WAITING” TO Edward III´s queen ;  B) JOHN DE GAUNT ´s wife sister.  They had 3 or 4 children.  Philippa received a pension for COURT EMPLOYMENT.. She died 1387.
  • 4. CHAUCER´S TRAVELS AND ACTIVITIES:  He studied LAW in the INNER TEMPLE, an INN OF     COURT. VALET DE CHAMBRE of EDWARD III (member of the Court) in 1367 (he was 24). 1368 he TRAVELLED TO MILAN and met other important writers, such as: JEAN FROSSART and PETRARCH. 1373: TRAVELLED TO PICARDY, GENOA AND FLORENCE. He met BOCACCIO. 1378 he was SENT AS ENVOY (espy) to MILAN.
  • 5. CHAUCER´S ACTIVITIES  1374: COMPTROLLER OF THE CUSTOMS for the PORT OF LONDON.  1380: COMMISSIONER OF PEACE SENT TO KENT. (French invasion was a possibility).  1389: CLERK OF THE KING´S WORKS (foreman organising the buildings projects. He conducted repairs on Westminster Palace, and continue building the wharf at the Tower of London). 2 shillings a day, a good salary.  1390: KEEPER OF THE LODGE at the KING´S PARK in FECKENHAM, honorary appointment.
  • 6. CHAUCER´S ACTIVITIES.  1390: DEPUTY FORESTER in the royal forest of      North Petherton, Somerset. 1394: He is granted an annual pension of 20 pounds by Richard II 1399: The new king renews his pension. 1399: He takes a lease on a residence within the close of WESTMINSTER ABBEY. Believed to have died of unknown causes October 1400. Buried in Westminster Abbey in London, now in the area known as POET´S CORNER.
  • 7. CHAUCER´S MAJOR WORKS:  FIRST MAJOR WORK: THE BOOK OF THE     DUCHESS: ELEGY for BLANCHE OF LANCASTER, commissioned by her husband JOHN TDE GAUNT. 1374. THE HOUSE OF FAME. ANELIDA AND ARCITE. PROLIFIC PERIOD: When he held the job of COMPTROLLER of CUSTOMS for LONDON. (13741386) PARLEMENT OF FOULES/ THE LEGEND OF GOOD WOMEN.
  • 8. MAJOR WORKS:  TRANSLATIONS:  TRANSLATION OF ROMAN DE LA ROSE (THE       ROMAUNT OF THE ROSE). ASTRONOMY WORKS: TREATISE ON THE ASTROLABE. THE EQUATORIE OF THE PLANETS (although some authors state it does not come from Chaucer). SHORT POEMS AND BALADS: An ABC. Against Women Unconstant.
  • 9. SPURIOUS WORKS:  PEOPLE CREATED A MYTH: THE PROTESTANT      CHAUCER, THE LOLLARD CHAUCER. BUT PROTESTANTISM DID NOT EXIST AT THAT TIME. SPURIOUS: THE PILGRIM´S TALE. (XVI CENT). THE PLOUGHMAN´S TALE (a Lollard satire). The testament of Love. REFRAIMED MANUSCRIPTS: Many manuscripts belonged to other poets and they made “additions” to the original works.
  • 10. CHAUCER´S INFLUENCE LINGUISTIC INFLUENCE LITERARY INFLUENCE • RHYME ROYAL/ IAMBIC PENTAMETER • STANDARDISE LONDON DIALECt POETS: IMITATION. • SOURCE OF THE ENGLISH ENGLISH VERNACULAR TRADITION.