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Leadership creativity modified onakoya.ppt


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Leadership creativity modified onakoya.ppt

  2. 2. Don’t let the future just happen: it is always better for us if we create it.
  3. 3. Current Business Challenges  Every facet of business is changing at an accelerating rate.
  4. 4. Current Business Challenges Competition is increasing
  5. 5. Current Business Challenges  Business is becoming increasingly global in scope
  6. 6. Current Business Challenges  New technologies are being introduced at a breathtaking rate
  7. 7. Current Business Challenges  The composition of the work force is changing, as are its members’ values and expectations
  8. 8. Current Business Challenges  There are increasing shortages of resources ranging from water to skilled employee.
  9. 9. Current Business Challenges  The World economy is being transformed from an industrial economy to one based on knowledge and information
  10. 10. Current Business Challenges  Market and economic conditions throughout the world are extremely unstable
  11. 11. Current Business Challenges  Constituents, such as shareholders and environmentalists, are making greater demands on the organization.
  12. 12. Current Business Challenges  Not only is the business environment changing rapidly but is becoming much more complex.
  13. 13. Definition Innovation is how a firm or an individual makes money from creativity.
  14. 14. Origination: Definition The process of generating something.
  15. 15. origination  Organizations, seek to create original ideas and concepts that will end up as innovations, e.g  new or enhanced products  services,  processes that Increase efficiency,  highly competitive marketing campaigns, or superior management
  16. 16. origination Original ideas just aren’t enough…
  17. 17. Innovation  The process of creating something new that has significant value to an individual, a group , an organization, an industry or a society.
  18. 18. Innovation An innovation is a creation that has significant value.
  19. 19. Distinction between Innovation & Origination  First, You need to learn how to tell whether the ideas you generate are creative or merely original.
  20. 20. Distinction between Innovation & Origination Second, to be innovative you need to go beyond merely being creative.  You need to know whether the ideas you generate have potential for significant value, that is, the potential to become innovations
  21. 21. Distinction between Innovation & Origination Finally, Firms as well as individuals must learn to turn creations into innovations.
  22. 22. Importance of Innovation & Creativity  Solving problems and pursuing opportunities require solutions, many of which may be unique to the specific situation. Therefore, creativity and the resultant innovation are fundamental to the survival and prosperity of the firm
  23. 23. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation Before we can have innovation, we must have creativity…
  24. 24. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation Creativity is thinking forward
  25. 25. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation  Expanding on our earlier definition, creativity, then, is the skill to originate the new and to make the new valuable.
  26. 26. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation The new key word is skill;  creativity is a skill, it is not something mystical, available only to a few.  It can be learned by anyone.  Everyone possesses an innate capacity for creativity…
  27. 27. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation  But the development of the capacity into a skill has been thwarted, for the most part by parents and bosses who provide and enforce rules about what is acceptable behavior and because only a few behaviors are allowed, certainly is stifled…
  28. 28. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation Therefore, you must act to develop this skill, to unleash your untapped potential.
  29. 29. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation  Creativity can be incremental, occurring in a society of small progressive steps, such as the lengthy painstaking research that led to the development of polio vaccine.
  30. 30. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation  Conversely; Creativity can involve giant leaps of progress in which many links in the evolutionary chain of concepts are hurdled by a single effort. e.g The main workings of Apple Computer’s Machintosh PC
  31. 31. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation  For an organization, one of the critical steps in achieving innovation is developing the creative problem-solving skills of its human resources-its managers, professionals, and other employees.
  32. 32. Creativity, the Springboard to Innovation  The product of the creative effort need not be a tangible physical object. It may be an idea, an association of facts, an insight or a more effective or efficient process, as well as a new product or service.  Each of these, when fully expressed and functioning has value.
  33. 33. Product Innovation … results in new products or services, or enhancements to old products or services
  34. 34. Process Innovation … results in improved processes within the organization-for example, in operations, human resources management, or finance. It focuses on improving effectiveness and efficiency.
  35. 35. Marketing Innovation innovation is related to the marketing functions of promotion, pricing an distribution, as well as to product functions other than product development ( e.g, packing or advertising).
  36. 36. Management Innovation Management innovation improves the way the organization is managed.
  37. 37. The Possibilities  For innovation to occur, the possibilities for creativity and innovation must exist.  Regardless of your creative talents, however great your knowledge or skill, you will not be able to create many innovations if you are not functioning in a favorable situation. If the organization’s culture does not support creativity
  38. 38. The Process  Numerous techniques can be used to increase the creativity of problem solving within an organization. Learning these takes time and effort but you can master them. These processes are directed at increasing creativity in all stages of the problem-solving process. E.g Brain Storming
  39. 39. Successful Organization  design more new products and concepts,  utilize their resources more effectively and efficiently,  market their product more creatively, and  manage more effectively
  40. 40. successful organization  It is creativity in managing all of the economic functions marketing, operations, finance, human resources, research and development and information management that separate the truly successful companies from the less successful ones
  41. 41. successful organization If you think the way you’ve always thought, and do what you’ve always done, you’ll get the results you’ve always got.
  42. 42. Attributes of Creativity  Curiosity  Adventure  Innocence  Experimentation  Difference
  43. 43. Reactive Association Crisis Disaster Barrier Bottleneck Trouble Problem
  44. 44. Proactive Association Challenge Wish Opportunity Desire Problem
  45. 45. Phases of Economic Advancement Agricultural- 17th century Industrial - 17th-19th century Information - 20th century ? ? ? - 21st century
  46. 46. Phases of Economic Advancement Creativity - 21st century?
  47. 47. Contemporary Business Games Restructuring Through: Acquisitions Mergers MBO
  48. 48. Cost Focus improved profitability better-looking balance sheet lean and mean until all fats are removed leaving just the muscles outsourcing monetising benefits Contemporary Business Games
  49. 49. Quality TQM Customer Service customer satisfaction is out customer delight is in Contemporary Business Games
  50. 50. NEW HOPE Creativity Sources day-dreaming - word some reflections on experience long past music - used by some intuition - needed by all will or compelling vision - needed by all inner strength - to endeavour, to overcome fear of risk needed by all
  51. 51. You can not become what you need to be by remaining what you are. ALWAYS THINK ANEW
  52. 52. Continual challenging of your mindsets will make you a more effective manager. MINDSET
  53. 53. Taking a different route away from old tested perception to attain a new result = Creativity Lateral Thinking
  54. 54. Lateral Thinking
  55. 55. Continual challenging of your mindsets will make you a more effective manager. MINDSET
  56. 56. Purpose concept (what are we trying to do) Mechanism concept (how does/will it work) Value concept (why is it useful) CREATIVE STEPS
  57. 57. Defined Creative Areas Problem Improvement tasks Project design or invention Opportunity CREATIVE STEPS
  58. 58. •Define the task/focus •Apply systematic creative tools •Evaluate and implement output CREATIVE STEPS
  59. 59. The Creative Challenge  Why like this?  Why has it to be like this  Aren’t there alternatives? The goal is to debunk a “uniqueness”
  60. 60. The Creative Challenge  Acknowledge the existing  Seek possible alternatives  Compare existing with alternatives The current is just one of many possibilities.
  61. 61. The Creative Challenge Attack: Neglect Lock-in Complacency Time sequence
  62. 62. The Creative Challenge Why risk giving the ‘wrong’ answer in class when only the ‘correct’ answer is rewarded?
  63. 63. The Creative Challenge Concept (what’s being done) Idea (how things can be done) Shaping factors (assumptions) Polarization (either/or)
  64. 64. Creativity relates to Creation relates to Beginning relates to Renewal Curiosity,adventure experimentation, challenge. New, different, helpful. Identifying Creativity
  65. 65. Process of seeing the exceptions Identifying Creativity
  66. 66. Process of producing order out of chaos Identifying Creativity
  67. 67. Bringing into being something of value that was not there before Identifying Creativity
  68. 68. Analysis - what is Design- what could be – CREATIVITY Identifying Creativity
  69. 69. Establish a programme of suggestions - to cover both putting wrong things right as well as better ways of achieving what currently looks perfect. What To Do
  70. 70. Uses of Creativity  Improvement - the biggest potential  better way  lower cost  less time  fewer errors  less energy  less irritation  less wastage  simpler method
  71. 71. Uses of Creativity  Problem Solving  alternative problem definitions  overcoming a difficulty (overlap with “improvement”)  task setting (or problem finding)  problem avoidance
  72. 72. Uses of Creativity  Value and Opportunity  add value  reposition (generate options)  design opportunities (entrepreneurial spirit)
  73. 73. Uses of Creativity  Futuristic  contingency design (fall- back position)
  74. 74. Uses of Creativity  Motivation  generates interest and excitement (best to reward creative efforts not just results)
  75. 75. Like just about everything in business, innovation happens when the people at the top make it a priority and put pressure on people to deliver it. Just like sales, production or financial goals, businesses that stay ahead always have innovation goals too. Uses of Creativity.
  76. 76. Creativity is an art. Art is having the vision to see the world differently and the skill to portray that vision. Having skill without seeing the world differently is the basis of craftman-ship. Uses of Creativity.
  77. 77. Steps to Regular Creativity  Devote some time to creative thinking  Make creative efforts  Stop persistent negativism  Look at benefits of new ideas  Express intuition and gut feelings as they occur to you
  79. 79. Tools for Creativity faith in own ability absence of negativism or negative judgment precise observation - observance penetrating questioning.
  80. 80. Business Applications Zenith and cash evacuation WH.O. Salt-Sugar Solution
  81. 81. Creativity Training Engages people’s minds Stimulates people’s imagination Organizes thinking processes Discovers and utilize talents
  82. 82. Running for Survival Every morning in Africa, an antelope wakes up. It knows it must run faster than the lion or it will be killed.
  83. 83. Running for Survival Every morning a lion wakes up. It knows it must outrun the antelope or it will starve to death.
  84. 84. Running for Survival It doesn’t matter if you’re a lion or antelope. When the sun comes up you’d better be running.
  85. 85. THANK YOU