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ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
    IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN
       CHINA: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS




“Our environment,...
Agenda

• Background
• Problem
• Hypothesis
• Key Findings and Theories
• Solution- Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
Working at ISB




 Habitat For
  Humanity
School Group
Good Day
Bad Day
Problem?
Contaminated Waterways
Heavy Coal Dependency
Congestion and Pollution
China Environmental
   Policy History
China Environmental
    Policy History
• Comprehensive
  environmental laws
  and MEA
China Environmental
     Policy History
• Comprehensive
  environmental laws
  and MEA

• 11th 5th-year plan =
  20% incre...
China Environmental
     Policy History
• Comprehensive          • 16% of China’s
  environmental laws       energy from
 ...
China Environmental
     Policy History
• Comprehensive          • 16% of China’s
  environmental laws       energy from
 ...
China Environmental
    Policy History
• Comprehensive         • 16% of China’s
  environmental laws      energy from
  an...
Constraints on
          Implementation
                                         Policy Makers give
Lack of Knowledge     ...
Hypothesis

                                                   Effective
Programs aimed at behavioral
                    ...
Literature Review

•   OECD (2005), Environment and Governance in China in China in the World
    Economy: Governance in C...
How do you improve environmental
     policy implementation?

• Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides,
  user fees, carbon ...
How do you improve environmental
     policy implementation?

• Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides,
  user fees, carbon ...
Why Education?
Has the scope to inspire young people and influence their wider social community via family and friends



 ...
Public Participation in
     Environment Protection
        Activities in China
20                                90


   ...
A change in KNOWLEDGE does not equal a change in
                 BEHAVIOR
Early Model of Pro-Environmental
Environmental
                               Behavior
 Knowledge



                 Envi...
2002
Social Behavioral Change Theory

     Social                                    Maintenance      Legal


                 ...
National Renewable Energy Laboratory RnE2EW Bus

•Builton Partnerships
•Travels Nationally
•Eco-Friendly
•Trained Experts
Polish Energy Bus
                    2002-2005




                        •Built on Partnerships
•Converted Metro Bus
  ...
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
Information Dissemination on MEEL




            General Public
               Students
          Local Gov’t Officials
  ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics




                General Public
                   Students
              Loca...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics



               Target Groups
                General Public
                  ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics                            Medium



               Target Groups
               ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics                            Medium



               Target Groups
               ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                  Target Gro...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Direct and Indirect
             Results
                                 Indirect Results
     Direct Results
           ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Future
Recommendations
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
....Final Thought
Be The Change
            you Wish To See
             in the world
Questions
Research Questions

• How does energy education improve
  implementation of environmental
  polices?
• How do you raise en...
Presentation Capstone
Presentation Capstone
Presentation Capstone
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Presentation Capstone

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Presentation Capstone

  1. 1. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN CHINA: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS “Our environment, the world in which we live and work, is a mirror of our attitudes and expectations.”- Earl Nightingale
  2. 2. Agenda • Background • Problem • Hypothesis • Key Findings and Theories • Solution- Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
  3. 3. Working at ISB Habitat For Humanity School Group
  4. 4. Good Day
  5. 5. Bad Day
  6. 6. Problem?
  7. 7. Contaminated Waterways
  8. 8. Heavy Coal Dependency
  9. 9. Congestion and Pollution
  10. 10. China Environmental Policy History
  11. 11. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA
  12. 12. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA • 11th 5th-year plan = 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020.
  13. 13. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive • 16% of China’s environmental laws energy from and MEA renewable sources • 11th 5th-year plan = 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020.
  14. 14. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive • 16% of China’s environmental laws energy from and MEA renewable sources • 11th 5th-year plan = • 10% decrease in 20% increase in emissions by 2010 energy productivity by 2020.
  15. 15. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive • 16% of China’s environmental laws energy from and MEA renewable sources • 11th 5th-year plan = • 10% decrease in 20% increase in emissions by 2010 energy productivity • PROBLEM: Lack of by 2020. environmental enforcement, compliance and implementation
  16. 16. Constraints on Implementation Policy Makers give Lack of Knowledge Credibility Low Priority to Behavioral Change Funding National Curricula External Influences Measuring Success
  17. 17. Hypothesis Effective Programs aimed at behavioral Improved change and improving public Implementation participation through environmental of Chinese Environmental Education awareness and Campaigns for both local Environmental government officials and the stewardship Polices general public • How does energy education improve implementation of environmental polices?
  18. 18. Literature Review • OECD (2005), Environment and Governance in China in China in the World Economy: Governance in China Public Participation in Environmental Governance in China. Tianbao, Qin, • and Zhao Xiaobo. Joint US-China Cooperation on Clean Energy. JUCCCE. www.juccce.com • • China Environmental Awareness Program- 2007 China General Public Environmental Survey • Mind the Gap: Why do People Act Environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environment behavior Anja Kollmuss & Julian Agyeman
  19. 19. How do you improve environmental policy implementation? • Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides, user fees, carbon trading, etc... • Education- to improve public participation, local government officials and general public’s environmental awareness
  20. 20. How do you improve environmental policy implementation? • Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides, user fees, carbon trading, etc... • Education- to improve public participation, local government officials and general public’s environmental awareness
  21. 21. Why Education? Has the scope to inspire young people and influence their wider social community via family and friends • Environmental 600000 Awareness on the rise in China 450000 • Increase awareness 300000 of new technologies • Offers feasible 150000 solutions 1998 0 2004 Needs enabling and supportive environment Environmental Letters of Complaints in China *Statistics from Chinese National Statistics Databank
  22. 22. Public Participation in Environment Protection Activities in China 20 90 T 68 C I 15 A N P M V T U 45 N 10 P E B E C W A A R L S 23 M I N P P I 5 A R A G E C P A I 0 E D G N T Handouts R I N WORK NGO S O 0 2007 2007 Passive Participation Active Participation chinese environmental awareness program
  23. 23. A change in KNOWLEDGE does not equal a change in BEHAVIOR
  24. 24. Early Model of Pro-Environmental Environmental Behavior Knowledge Environmental Attitude ...circa 1970 Pro-Environmental Behavior
  25. 25. 2002
  26. 26. Social Behavioral Change Theory Social Maintenance Legal Personal Behavior Change Action Political Cultural Preparation Resources Contemplation Ethical/Spiritual Pre-contemplation
  27. 27. National Renewable Energy Laboratory RnE2EW Bus •Builton Partnerships •Travels Nationally •Eco-Friendly •Trained Experts
  28. 28. Polish Energy Bus 2002-2005 •Built on Partnerships •Converted Metro Bus •Trained Experts Wide Audience • •Variety of Learning Mediums
  29. 29. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  30. 30. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  31. 31. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  32. 32. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  33. 33. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  34. 34. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  35. 35. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  36. 36. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  37. 37. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
  38. 38. Information Dissemination on MEEL General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
  39. 39. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
  40. 40. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
  41. 41. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
  42. 42. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
  43. 43. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
  44. 44. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
  45. 45. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments
  46. 46. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance
  47. 47. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance Resources
  48. 48. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance Resources
  49. 49. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance Resources
  50. 50. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Discussion Instruments Sessions Significance Resources
  51. 51. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Discussion Instruments Sessions Significance Expert Talks Resources
  52. 52. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Discussion Instruments Sessions Significance Expert Talks “Take Home” Resources Materials
  53. 53. Direct and Indirect Results Indirect Results Direct Results Increased energy consumption awareness MEEL Detailed energy knowledge base Access to newest energy Energy savings technologies Change in energy consumption patterns Increased number of Creation of Jobs trained professionals Lower Emissions Increased knowledge base Network of Business and NGOs
  54. 54. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
  55. 55. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
  56. 56. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
  57. 57. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
  58. 58. Future Recommendations
  59. 59. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china:
  60. 60. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives
  61. 61. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial
  62. 62. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation
  63. 63. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Laws and Regulations
  64. 64. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Laws and Regulations • Public participation
  65. 65. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Laws and Regulations • Public participation
  66. 66. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Ed u c a Laws and Regulations tio n • Public participation
  67. 67. ....Final Thought
  68. 68. Be The Change you Wish To See in the world Questions
  69. 69. Research Questions • How does energy education improve implementation of environmental polices? • How do you raise environmental awareness through education?

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