SYMBOLISM• Rejected optical world in favorof a fantasy world• Expression of the individualspirit• Spoke like “prophets” in signsand symbols• Rejection of Realism, found it“trivial” Sigmund Freud and theInterpretation of Dreams
Pierre Puvis de ChavannesThe Sacred Grove1884oil on canvas2 ft. 11 1/2 in. x 6 ft. 10 in.
Odilon RedonThe Cyclops1898oil on canvas2 ft. 1 in. x 1 ft. 8 in.“All my originality consists…inmaking unreal creatures livehumanly by putting, as much aspossible, the logic of the visibleat the service of the invisible”
Henri RousseauThe Sleeping Gypsy1897oil on canvas4 ft. 3 in. 6 ft. 7 in.
Aubrey BeardsleyThe Peacock Skirtfor Oscar Wilde’s Salome1894pen-and-ink illustration
Edvard MunchThe Scream1893oil, pastel and casein on cardboard2 ft. 11 3/4 in. x 2 ft. 5 in.“I stopped and leaned against thebalustrade, almost dead withfatigue. Above the blue-black fjordhung the clouds, red as blood andtongues of fire. My friends has leftme, and alone, trembling withanguish, I became aware of thevast, infinite cry of nature”
Gustav KlimtThe Kiss1907-1908oil on canvas5 ft. 10 3/4 in. x 5 ft. 10 3/4 in.
Gustav KlimtDeath and Life1908-11oil on canvas70 1/8 x 78 in.
Augustus Saint-GaudensAdams Memorial1891bronze5 ft. 10 in. high
Auguste RodinWalking Man1905bronze6 ft. 11 3/4 in. high
Auguste RodinBurghers of Calais1884-1889bronze6 ft. 10 1/2 in. high
Architecture & Decorative ArtsArts and Crafts• Shaped by ideas of John Ruskin and William Morris• distrust of machines and capitalism Socialism• Produced function objects with high aesthetic value fora wide public• Floral or geometric designs, drawn from nature
Charles Rennie MackintoshIngram Street Tea RoomGlasgow, Scotland1900-1902
Art Nouveau (1890-1914)Developed in Europe – Brussels, Barcelona, Paris and Vienna• Combines artistic media into one unified experience• Art Nouveau buildings were designed, furnished and decoratedby the same artist or teamCharacteristics:• vegetal or floral design• complexity of design• undulating surfaces• NO straight lines
Victor Hortastaircase in theVan Eetvelde HouseBrussels, Belgium1896
Louis Comfort TiffanyLotus Table Lampca. 1905leaded favrile glass, mosaic and bronze2 ft. 10 1/2 in. high
ARCHITECTURE- Skeletal architecture with a “curtain wall”- Emphasis on the vertical, building UP as modern cities grew- Greatest advances made by the Chicago School, formed afterthe Great Fire of 1871- Terracotta wrapped iron or steel- Invention of THE ELEVATOR
Alexandre-Gustave EiffelEiffel TowerParis, France1889wrought iron984 ft. high
Alexandre-GustaveEiffelEiffel TowerParis, France1889wrought iron984 ft. high
Henry Hobson RichardsonMarshall Fieldwholesale storeChicago, Illinois1885-1887
Louis Henry SullivanGuaranty BuildingBuffalo, New York1894-1896FORMFOLLOWSFUNCTION
Louis Henry SullivanCarson, Pirie ScottBuildingChicago, Illinois1899-1904FORMFOLLOWSFUNCTION