The EarlyRenaissanceGUILDSTHEGREATSCHISMCommonvernacularItalianCity-statesEarly Renaissance Art
Nicola PisanoPulpit of Pisa Cathedral Baptistery1259-1260marbleapproximately 15 ft. highAnnunciation and Nativity
Bonaventura BerlinghieriPanel fromthe Saint Francis AltarpieceSan Francesco, Pescia, Italy1235tempera on woodapproximately 5 ft. x 3 ft. 6 in.**Franciscan Order
CimabueMadonna Enthroned with Angels andProphetsca. 1280-1290tempera on wood12 ft. 7 in. x 7 ft. 4 in.http://www.googleartproject.com/galleries/29535335/29503599/29477648/
Giotto di BondoneMadonna Enthronedca. 1310tempera on wood10 ft. 8 in. x 6 ft. 8 in.
Giotto di BondoneInterior of the Arena ChapelPadua, Italy1305-1306fresco
Giotto di BondoneLamentationfrom the Interiorof the Arena ChapelPadua, Italy1305-1306fresco**Early innovator of PERSPECTIVE and LIGHTING!**
Duccio di BuoninsegnaVirgin and Child Enthroned with Saintsfrom the Maestà altarpiecefrom Siena Cathedral, Siena, Italy1308-1311tempera on wood7 ft. x 13 ft.
Simone Martiniand Lippo MemmiAnnunciation1333tempera and gold leaf on wood10 ft.1 in. x 8 ft. 8 3/4 in.INTERNATIONAL STYLE
Ambrogio LorenzettiPeaceful CityDetail from the frescoEffects of Good Government in the City and in the Country1338-1339fresco
Ambrogio LorenzettiPeaceful CountryDetail from the frescoEffects of Good Government in the City and in the Country1338-1339fresco
Cambio et al.Florence CathedralFlorence, Italybegun 1296
Early Northern Renaissance Theme:ConsidertheNUT!
Claus SluterWell of MosesChartreuse de Champmol, Dijon, France1395-1406stonefigures approximately 6 ft. highPhilip the Bold – Great patron ofN. Renaissance art
Robert CampinMerode Altarpiece (open)ca. 1425-1428oil on wood2 ft. 1 in. 2 ft. 1 in. (center) What is significant about the setting? Thepatrons?
Jan van EyckGhent Altarpiece (closed)Saint Bavo Cathedral, Ghent, Belgium1432oil on wood11 ft. 5 3/4 in. highJan van Eyck – apainting WIZARDHow does this compare to the earlyRenaissance in Italy?Patron St. John the Baptist St. John the Evang. Patron
Jan van EyckGhent Altarpiece (open)Saint Bavo Cathedral, Ghent, Belgium1432oil on wood11 ft. 5 3/4 in. high“This is God, all-powerful in his divine majesty; of allthe best, by the gentleness of his goodness; the mostliberal giver, because of his infinite generosity”“On his head, life without death. On his brow,youth without age. On his right, joy withoutsadness. On his left, security without fear”
Jan van EyckGiovanni Arnolfini and His Bride1434oil on wood2 ft. 8 in. x 1 ft. 11 1/2 in.How many symbols can you spot?
Jan van EyckMan in a Red Turban1433oil on wood10 1/4 in. x 7 1/2 in.http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/jan-van-eyck-portrait-of-a-man-self-portraitWhy were portraits popular? Whatpurpose did they serve?
Rogier van der WeydenDepositionfrom Notre- Hors-les-murs, Louvain, Belgiumca. 1435oil on woodapproximately 7 ft. 3 in. x 8 ft. 7 in.
Rogier van der WeydenPortrait of a Ladyca. 1460oil on panel13 3/8 in. x 10 1/16 in.
Hieronymus BoschCreation of Eve, Garden of Earthly Delights, Hell1505-1510oil on wood7 ft. 2 5/8 in. x 6 ft. 4 3/4 in. (center)
Martin SchongauerTemptation of Saint Anthonyca. 1480-1490engraving13 x 11 in.
Early Renaissance ThemePMA - Perspective- Modeling- Anatomy“Positive Mental Attitude”P=AM^2
The Baptistery door competition of1401- Originally 7 finalists, only 2 panelssurvive- Between Brunelleschi & Ghiberti
Filippo BrunelleschiSacrifice of Isaac1401-1402gilded bronze relief1 ft. 9 in. x 1 ft. 5 in.
Lorenzi GhibertiSacrifice of Isaac1401-1402gilded bronze relief1 ft. 9 in. x 1 ft. 5 in.
DonatelloSaint MarkOr San Michele, Florence, Italy1411-1413marblefigure 7 ft. 9 in. high
DonatelloDavidca. 1428-1432bronze5 ft. 2 1/4 in. highSymbol of FlorenceFirst fully nude malefreestanding sculpturesince antiquity
MasaccioTribute MoneyBrancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, Italyca. 1427fresco8 ft. 1 in. x 19 ft. 7 in.
MasaccioExpulsion of Adam and Eve from EdenBrancacci Chapel, Santa Maria delCarmine, Florence, Italyca. 1425fresco7 ft. x 2 ft. 11 in.
MasaccioHoly TrinitySanta Maria Novella, Florence, Italyca. 1428fresco21 ft. x 10 ft. 5 in.One-point perspective
Fra AngelicoAnnunciationSan Marco, Florence, Italyca. 1440-1445fresco7 ft. 1 in. x 10 ft. 6 in.
Andrea del CastagnoLast SupperRefectory monastery ofSant’Apollonia, Florence, Italy1447frescoapproximately 15 x 32 ft.
Domenico GhirlandaioGiovanna Tornabuoni1448oil and tempera on woodapproximately 2 ft. 6 in. x 1 ft. 8 in.
Sandro BotticelliThe Birth of Venusca. 1482tempera on canvas5 ft. 8 in. x 9 ft. 1 in.Medici patronage reflects their sincerelove of art and wide and eclectic tastes
Filippo Brunelleschidome of Florence CathedralFlorence, Italy1420-1436 **Roman influence!Innovations:- Double shell- Ribs- Heavy lantern
Filippo Brunelleschiinterior of Santo SpiritoFlorence, Italybegun ca. 1436
Michelozzo di BartolommeoPalazzo Medici-RiccardiFlorence, Italybegun 1444CorniceStringcoursesDressed masonryRusticationWhy didn’t Brunellechi design the Medici Palace?
Leon Battista Albertifaçade of Sant’AndreaMantua, Italydesigned ca. 1470How does Alberti combineclassical elements to fit aChristian purpose?
PeruginoChrist Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint PeterSistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, Italy1481-1483fresco11 ft. 5 1/2 in. x 18 ft. 8 1/2 in.
Luca SignorelliDamned Cast into HellSan Brizio Chapel, OrviettoCathedral, Orvietto, Italy1499-1504frescoapproximately 23 ft. wideSavonarola – Burnthe vanities! Exilethe Medici!
Andrea MantegnaCamera degli Sposi ceilingPalazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy1474fresco8 ft. 9 in. diameter
Andrea MantegnaDead Christca. 1501tempera on canvas2 ft. 2 3/4 in. x 2 ft. 7 7/8 in.
High Renaissance (Cinquecento Italy)THEME: PMA PyramidPMA
Leonardo da VinciVirgin of the Rocksca. 1485oil on wood6 ft. 3 in. x 3 ft. 7 in.Leonardo da Vinci – the Renaissance man- Born in Vinci, trained under Verrocchio- Moved to Florence at 12 or 13- Spent much of his life in Milan workingon military and civil engineeringprojects
Leonardo da VinciThe Last SupperRefectory, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan, Italyca. 1495-98fresco (oil and tempera on plaster)29 ft. 10 in. x 13 ft. 9 in.
Leonardo da VinciMona Lisa (La Giaconda)ca. 1503-1505oil on wood2 ft. 6 in. x 1 ft. 9 in.
RaphaelMarriage of the VirginChapel of Saint Joseph in Città di Castellonear Florence, Italy1504oil on wood5 ft. 7 in. x 3 ft. 10 1/2 in.Pope Julius II
RaphaelPhilosophy (School of Athens)Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome, Italy1509-11frescoapproximately 19 x 27 ft.
RaphaelGalateaSala di Galatea, Villa FarnesinaRome, Italy1513fresco9 ft. 8 in. x 7 ft. 5 in.