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Gothic Art

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Gothic Art

  1. 1. Gothic Art
  2. 2. THEME: GothicThe quest for heightand light!
  3. 3. Gothic Age: TURMOIL and CHANGE• 1337 – Hundred Year’s War began• 14th c. - Black Death (kills ¼ population)• 1378-1417 – Great Schism (political/religious crisis)• Shift in society: monasteries and pilgrims  rapidly expanding secular cities• Independent nations begin to take shape (starting w/ France)
  4. 4. French Gothic
  5. 5. • EARLY GOTHIC • Carolingian basilica “unfit” for royalty converted into marvelous Gothic church • Rib vaults on pointed arches • Lux novaAmbulatory and radiating chapelsAbbey Church of Saint-DenisSaint Denis, France1140-1144
  6. 6. Ambulatory and radiating chapelsAbbey Church of Saint-DenisSaint Denis, France1140-1144
  7. 7. Plan of the choirVaults of the ambulatory andradiating chapels of the choirAbbey Church of Saint-DenisSaint Denis, France1140-1144
  8. 8. Round vs. pointed arches
  9. 9. West facade of Chartres CathedralChartres, Francebegun 1134, rebuilt beginning 1194
  10. 10. Royal Portal, west facadeChartres CathedralChartres, Franceca. 1145-1155
  11. 11. Old Testament queen and two kingsjamb statues, doorway of Royal PortalChartres CathedralChartres, Franceca. 1145-1155
  12. 12. West façade of Laon CathedralLaon, Francebegun ca. 1190
  13. 13. TRIFORIUMPlan and nave of Laon CathedralLaon, Francebegun ca. 1190
  14. 14. - Sexpartite rib vaults - Pointed arches - TRIFORIUM in 4-part nave elevationnave of Laon CathedralLaon, Francebegun ca. 1190
  15. 15. ClerestoryTriforiumGalleryArcade Laon Paris Chartres AmiensGothic nave elevations
  16. 16. South façade of Notre Dame CathedralParis, Francebegun 1163, nave & flying buttresses ca. 1180-1200, remodeled after 1225
  17. 17. FLYYYYYING BUTTRESSES Important support function Holds up nave walls at stress pointsGives Gothic architecture it’s distinctive “look”
  18. 18. Notre Dame CathedralParis, Francebegun 1163, nave & flying buttresses ca. 1180-1200, remodeled after 1225
  19. 19. 1194 - Chartres PART IIChartres CathedralChartres, Francebegun 1134rebuilt beginning 1194
  20. 20. Plan of Chartres CathedralChartres, Franceas rebuilt after 1194
  21. 21. Nave of Chartres CathedralChartres, Franceas rebuilt after 1194
  22. 22. Virgin and Child and Angels(Notre Dame de la Belle Verrière)choir of Chartres CathedralChartres, Franceca. 1170stained glass16 ft. x 7 ft. 8 in.
  23. 23. Triforium wall of the naveChartres CathedralChartres, Franceca. 1200-1260
  24. 24. Rose Window and lancetsnorth transept of Chartres CathedralChartres, Franceca. 1220stained glassrose approximately 43 ft. in diameter
  25. 25. Saints Martin, Jerome, and Gregoryjamb statues, Porch of the ConfessorsSouth transept of Chartres CathedralChartres, Franceca. 1220-1230 2nd “Classical Revolution”
  26. 26. Saint Theodorejamb statue, Porch of the MartyrsSouth transept of Chartres CathedralChartres, Franceca. 1230
  27. 27. HIGH GOTHIC FACADE King’s GalleryRobert de Luzarches, Thomas deCormont,and Renaud de CormontWest facade of Amiens CathedralAmiens, Francebegun 1220
  28. 28. Robert de Luzarches, Thomas de Cormont,and Renaud de CormontEast facade of Amiens CathedralAmiens, Francebegun 1220
  29. 29. Robert de Luzarches, Thomasde Cormont,and Renaud de CormontChoir vaults of AmiensCathedralAmiens, Francebegun 1220
  30. 30. - Nave vault = 144 ft. - 3-part elevation - Amiens is the Gothic counterpart to the Byzantine Hagia SophiaRobert de Luzarches,Thomas de Cormont,and Renaud de Cormontnave of Amiens CathedralAmiens, Francebegun 1220
  31. 31. Christ (Beau Dieu)trumeau statue of central doorwaywest facade of Amiens CathedralAmiens, Franceca. 1220-1235
  32. 32. West façade of Reims CathedralReims, Francebegun ca. 1225-1290
  33. 33. Nave of Reims CathedralReims, Francebegun ca. 1225-1290
  34. 34. Visitationjamb statues of central doorwaywest facade of Reims CathedralReims, Franceca. 1230
  35. 35. Sainte-ChapelleParis, France1243-1248
  36. 36. Rayonnant (radiating) Styleinterior of the upper chapelSainte-ChapelleParis, France1243-1248
  37. 37. Saint Denis Notre Dame, Chartres Notre Dame, Reims Notre Dame, Paris Saint Chapelle Laon Notre Dame, AmiensEARLY GOTHIC HIGH GOTHIC LATE GOTHIC
  38. 38. Virgin and Child (Virgin of Paris)Notre-DameParis, Franceearly 14th century
  39. 39. TheelegantS-curve
  40. 40. West façade of Saint-MaclouRouen, Franceca. 1500-1540
  41. 41. CarcassoneFranceca. 12th-13th c.
  42. 42. Hall of the Cloth GuildBruges, Netherlandsbegun. 1230
  43. 43. House of Jacques CoeurBourges, FranceCa. 1443-1451
  44. 44. Villard de HonnecourtFigures based on geometric shapesfolio 18 verso of a sketchbookfrom Paris, Franceca. 1220-1235ink on vellum9 1/4 x 6 in.
  45. 45. God as architect of the worldfolio 1 verso of a moralized Biblefrom Paris, Franceca. 1220-1230ink, tempera and gold leaf on vellum13 1/2 x 8 1/4 in.
  46. 46. Blanche of Castille, Louis IXand two monksdedication page (folio 8 recto)of a moralized Biblefrom Paris, France1226-1234ink, tempera and gold leaf on vellum15 x 10 1/2 in.
  47. 47. Abraham and the Three Angelsfolio 7 versoof the Psalter of Saint Louisfrom Paris, France1253-1270ink, tempera and gold leaf on vellum5 x 3 1/2 in.
  48. 48. Master HonoréDavid anointed by Samuel andbattle of David and Goliathfolio 7 versoof the Breviary of Phillipe le Belfrom Paris, France1296ink and tempera on vellum7 7/8 x 4 7/8 in.
  49. 49. Jean PucelleDavid before Saulfolio 24 versoof the Belleville Breviaryfrom Paris, France1325ink and tempera on vellum9 1/2 x 6 3/4 in.
  50. 50. Virgin of Jeanne d’Evreauxfrom the abbey church of Saint-DenisSaint-Denis, France1339silver gilt and enamel27 1/2 in. high
  51. 51. The Castle of Love and knights joustinglid of a jewelry casketfrom Paris, Franceca. 1330-1350ivory and iron4 1/2 x 9 3/4 in.
  52. 52. Salisbury CathedralSalisbury, England1220-1258; west façade completed 1265; spire ca. 1320-1330
  53. 53. Plan and Naveof Salisbury CathedralSalisbury, England1220-1258
  54. 54. Naveof Salisbury CathedralSalisbury, England1220-1258
  55. 55. Choir of Gloucester CathedralGloucester, England1332-1357
  56. 56. Tomb of Edward IIGloucester CathedralGloucester, Englandca. 1330-1335 Ogee arches
  57. 57. Chapel of Henry VIIWestminster AbbeyLondon, England1503-1519
  58. 58. Gerhard of CologneCologne CathedralCologne, Germanybegun 1248
  59. 59. Gerhard of CologneCologne CathedralCologne, Germanybegun 1248
  60. 60. nave of Saint ElizabethMarburg, Germany1235-1283
  61. 61. Death of the Virgintympanum of left doorway, south transeptStrasbourg CathedralStrasbourg, Franceca. 1230
  62. 62. Eckehard and Utastatues in the west choirNaumburg CathedralNaumburg, Germanyca. 1249-1255painted limestone6 ft. 2 in. high
  63. 63. Bamberg Riderstatue in the east choirBamberg CathedralBamberg, Germanyca. 1235-1240sandstone7 ft. 9 in. high
  64. 64. Pietá = pity in ItalianVirgin with the Dead ChristRöttgen Pietàfrom the Rhineland, Germanyca. 1300-1325painted wood2 ft. 10 1/2 in. high
  65. 65. Nicholas of VerdunKlosterneuburg Altarfrom the abbey church atKlosterneuburg, Austria1181gilded copper and enamel3 ft. 6 3/4 in. high overall
  66. 66. Nicholas of VerdunShrine of the Three Kingsfrom Cologne CathedralCologne, Germanyca. 1190silver, bronze, enamel and gemstones5 ft. 8 in. x 6 ft. x 3 ft. 8 in.

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