Process change - change managment


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  • . In the process of best practice benchmarking, management identifies the best firms in their industry, or in another industry where similar processes exist, and compares the results and processes of those studied (the "targets") to one's own results and processes
  • Process change - change managment

    1. 1. PROCESS CHANGE Submitted By – Adarsh pawaiya 2012_MBA_02
    2. 2. What is change Management??? • Change management is a systematic approach to dealing with change, both from the perspective of an organization and on the individual level. • Three different aspects of CM : adapting to change, controlling change, and effecting change.
    3. 3. Three important levels of change • Portfolio change • Process change • Structural change
    4. 4. PROCESS CHANGE • These are the changes in an organization which are implemented in order to improve efficiency or effectiveness of organizational procedures.
    5. 5. • The goal of process-oriented change is to improve productivity. • Process-oriented change affects the way in which an organization delivers services, produces products, or handles current business practices. • As the environmental factors of an organization change, the need for process-oriented change increases
    6. 6. Levels of PROCESS CHANGE • Process re-engineering • Process redesign • Process improvement
    7. 7. Process Re-engineering • Focus on the analysis and design of workflows and processes within an organization. • It help organizations fundamentally rethink how they do their work in order to dramatically improve customer service, cut operational costs, and become world-class competitors.
    8. 8. Process Redesign • Process re-design, is a medium sized operation which is normally done as a need for process improvement or change. • This low scale change operation happens at frequent intervals in an organization and is resulted by means of a job description change or automation of a portion or the entire process.
    9. 9. Process improvement • This tactical technique of process change is best suited for small and stable processes. Improvement to the existing process can be done to improve the quality and efficiency of the end product.
    10. 10. BENCH MARKING • Benchmarking can be defined as a process for improving performance by constantly identifying, understanding and adapting best practices and processes followed inside and outside the company and implementing the results. The main emphasis of benchmarking is on improving a given business operation or a process by exploiting best practices. WHAT TO BENCH MARK UNDERSTAN D CURRENT PERFORMAN CE PLAN STUDY OTHERS LEARN FROM DATA USE FINDINGS
    11. 11. JUST-IN-TIME • An inventory strategy companies employ to increase efficiency and decrease waste by receiving goods only as they are needed in the production process, thereby reducing inventory costs.
    12. 12. Google case • A few years ago, Google's human resources department noticed a problem: A lot of women were leaving the company. • it's the Google HR department's mission to figure out why and how to fix it. • Google calls its HR department People operations, though most people in the firm shorten it to POPS. • The group is headed by Laszlo Bock
    13. 13. • It found it was really a new mother problem: Women who had recently given birth were leaving at twice Google's average departure rate • At the time, Google offered an industry standard maternity plan i.e. Of 12 weeks leave. • in 2007, Google changed the plan. • New mothers would now get five months off at full pay and full benefits.
    14. 14. • A new mother can take a couple months off after birth, return part time for a while, and then take the balance of her time off when her baby is older. • Google began offering the seven weeks of new- parent leave to all its workers around the world. • The five-month maternity leave plan, for instance, was a winner for the company. After it went into place, 50% reduction in job dropping was observed.
    15. 15. • Xerox was started in the year 1938. • Xerox was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1961 a and on the Chicago Stock Exchange in 1990. It is also traded on the Boston, Cincinnati, Pacific Coast, Philadelphia, London and Switzerland exchanges. • The strong demand for Xerox's products led the company from strength to strength and revenues soared from $37 million in 1960 to $268 million in 1965.
    16. 16. • In the early 1980s, Xerox found itself increasingly vulnerable to intense competition from both the US and Japanese competitors. • As a result of this, return on assets fell to less than 8% and market share came down sharply from 86% in 1974 to just 17% in 1984. • Between 1980 and 1984, Xerox's profits decreased from $ 1.15 billion to $ 290 million.
    17. 17. • In 1982, David T. Kearns (Kearns) took over as the CEO. • He discovered that the average manufacturing cost of copiers in Japanese companies was 40-50% that of Xerox. • As a result, Japanese companies were able to undercut Xerox's prices effortlessly
    18. 18. BENCHMARKING AT XEROX • The program encouraged Xerox to find ways to reduce their manufacturing costs. • Benchmarking against Japanese competitors, Xerox found out that it took twice as long as its Japanese competitors to bring a product to market, five times the number of engineers.
    19. 19. • The company also found that the Japanese could produce, ship, and sell units for about the same amount that it cost Xerox just to manufacture them. • In addition, Xerox's products had over 30,000 defective parts per million - about 30 times more than its competitors. • Benchmarking also revealed that Xerox would need an 18% annual productivity growth rate for five consecutive years to catch up with the Japanese.
    20. 20. • Xerox collected data on key processes of best practice companies. • Xerox identified ten key factors that were related to marketing. • These were  customer marketing, customer engagement, order fulfilment,  product maintenance
    21. 21.  billing and collection  financial management  asset management business management human resource management information technology • These ten key factors were further divided into 67 sub-processes.
    22. 22. • Each of these sub-processes then became a target for improvement • . For the purpose of acquiring data from the related benchmarking companies, Xerox subscribed to the management and technical databases. • referred to magazines and trade journals, and also consulted professional associations and consulting firms.
    23. 23. • computer program was developed that made order filling very efficient. • The program arranged orders in a specific sequence that allowed stock pickers to travel the shortest possible distance in collecting goods at the warehouse. • The increased speed and accuracy of order filling achieved.
    24. 24. RESULTS • Number of defects reduced by 78 % per 100 machines. • Service response time reduced by 27%. • Defects in incoming parts reduced to 150ppm.Inventory costs reduced by two-thirds. • Marketing productivity increased by one-third.
    25. 25. • Distribution productivity increased by 8-10 %. • Increased product reliability on account • 40% reduction in unscheduled maintenance. • Notable decrease in labour costs. • Errors in billing reduced from 8.3 % to 3.5% percent.
    26. 26. • Became the leader in the high-volume copier- duplicator market segment. • Country units improved sales from 152% to 328%.