Pre Study RX Supporting document for study on part B about Fraud-investigation.


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Supporting document for study on part B Fraud-investigation.
It is impossible that a metal object was able to sink down from th head into the neck, within the neck vertebrals situated against the nerves, in order to get stuck upfollowing without issues of frictions or (medical) problems between the second and the third neck vertebral.

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Pre Study RX Supporting document for study on part B about Fraud-investigation.

  1. 1. SOURCE FOR CERVICAL IMAGES for comparing neck vertebrae and the Foramen with images obtained via Internet: FROM THESEE SOURCE SELECTIONS FROM THE WEBPAGES BELOWE AND A SERIE OF IMAGES FOR COMPARING X-RAY INVESTIGATION. I CLAIM MANIPUALTION OF X-RAY SCANS, THE COLLECTIOTED MEDICAL IMAGE INFORMATION FROM INTERNET IS MEANT FOR COMPARING AND PINTING OUT THE SITUATION. It is impossible that a metal object of a few centimeters long can sag down from the Head through the Foramen Magnum into the Neck in a month time, without encountering physically any problems with personally. q=cervical+x+ray+views&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=QUO8UduLBImSOK63gMgL&ved=0CDQQsAQ&biw=1272&bih=655#facrc=_&imgrc=ySvUCze %3B719%3B761 AND 1] Incissive fossa 2] Hard Palate : Maxilla & Palatine bone 3] Temporal bone 4] Mandibular fossa 5] Medial palatine suture 6] Foramen magnum 7] Occipital condyle 8] External occipital protuberance 9] Jugular foramen 10] Carotid canal 11] Foramen lacerum 12] Foramen ovale 1
  3. 3. The foramen magnum or also called the foramen is an opening in the human skull. Through this hole the marrowbone is leaving the skull and is going downwards through the spinal canal into the column vertebrae. It is situated just below the little brains and the brain-trunk in the middle of the skull basis. From here veins, nerves and the marrowbone of C2 (second vertebra) are running through, being not very likely a space to let an arteact pass through downwards in the spinal canal. The spinal marrowbone (Latin: medulla spinalis, Greeks: μύελος, muelos) is at vertebrates that part of the central nerve system that is receding in a canal in the column vertebrae, the spinal canal. Likewise the spinal marrowbone is about 40 to 45 centimeters long at adults with a width of 1 cm. The spinal marrowbone is counted as part of the central nerve system, because next to nerves it also contains nerve cells that already take their part in the processing of signals from the senses and outgoing signals to muscles. Likewise muscle-reflexes-movements like the knee-reflex are going through the marrowbone without interaction of the brains. The spinal marrowbone is like the brains also surrounded by hard and soft brain membranes. The spinal marrowbone is receding in the space that is formed by the holes placed in line in the vertebrae between the vertebral body and the vertebral arch. The vertebrae are kept in place by strong ligaments and muscles and the spinal marrow bone mostly is very well protected. In the middle of the spinal marrowbone the central canal (canalis centralis) is to found. This canal is filled with brain-spinal marrow bone-fluid (liquor cerebrospinalis). Around this central canal a butterfly shaped gray matter is located. The gray matter is to be distinguished in two blunt for horns (cornu anterius, at animals cornu ventrale) with the motoric part in it (for movement) and two sharp back horn (cornu posterius, at animals cornu dorsale) with resided in it the sensible part (for position-, temperature-, vibration- en pain-sense). The for- and back-horns are connected with each other through the intermediary part. Both the wings are connected with a cross linking situated before and behind the canalis centralis, respectively the commissura grisea anterior and the commissura grisea posterior. The gray color in this part of the marrowbone is coming forth from the unmyelinisated cell-bodies of the neurons. The back horn traditionally is classified into three proportional parts. The first part on the backside (dorsal) is called the substantia gelatinosa by Rolando. This structure consists of little cells and contains only a few of myelinisated fibers. In the middle part is located the nucleus proprius, with middle large cells in it and rather a lot of myelinisated fibers. At the belly-side (ventral) of the back-horn is situated a third part with no proper name. 3
  4. 4. If an object was sagged down from the head to the neck, then that should have happened on the inside behind the brain membrane passing through the Foramen Magnum, where technically speaking no space is for, because that space is used for the spinal marrowbone, nerves and veins, and besides the clip(?)/metal object should have sagged down along from the marrowbone? The object namely was located in the head under the brain membrane before. The brain membrane is around the brain and marrowbone, and is in support surrounded by bone tissue (vertebra and skull). Another unrealistic option is that an extra hole had been made for a shunt drainage experiment? If the object is outside the neck vertebrae, then it got there by another way. 4
  5. 5. Selection from ‘The Foramen Magnum and Neurodegenerative Diseases’ (In order to make visible the small spaces (Foramen between Head and Neck) Source: Foramen magnum in Latin means great hole. It is the largest of several openings called foramen or canals in the base of the skull to allow for the passage of nerves, blood vessels, cerebrospinal fluid and connective tissue into and out of the brain. It is located in the anterior portion (front) of the occipital bone. The picture above shows the skull base looking down into it, the front of the skull is at the top and the foramen magnum is the largest opening and is not labeled. There are several important structures that pass through the foramen magnum (FM). The medulla oblongata which is the upper portion of the spinal cord along with its membranes, the spinal accessory cranial nerve, the vertebral arteries, the anterior and posterior spinal arteries, and the accessory emissary venous drainage routes of the brain used for upright posture. In addition to the FM, the accessory drainage system of the brain also uses the hypoglossal and condylar canals which are closely connected to the foramen magnum due to their passage through the occipital condyles. The occipital bone forms a large and important part of the base of the skull. It allows for the passage of many structures of the brain. It connects the skull to the upper cervical spine via condyles on it's exterior base surface. Moreover, parts of the upper cervical spine develop from the same primitive tissues in the embryo as the base of the skull. 5
  6. 6. The Foramen Magna is the only opening wide enough for letting a suggested metal object of a few centimeters pass by. However… The image to the right makes clear that the column vertebrae is a compact mass with spinal marrowbone (is material inside the vertebrae) with around it brain membranes and around that bone tissue with veins, and around that again muscles and tendons, that should keep the whole at its place. In the spinal marrowbone are running 32 pair of nerves that are needed for the function of the body. The brain membrane consists of three layers. The hard brain membrane Dura Mater is the outer layer of the three and is protecting brains and the spinal marrowbone. At the caudal (bottom) end of the column vertebrae the Dura Mater is attached to the sacrum of the pelvis. In addition to the hard brain membrane the inner soft brain membrane Pia Mater is showing also to be attached to the Foramen Magnum. Pia Mater is the most inner layer of the three brain-marrowbone enveloping brain membranes. Between the Pia Mater and the spinal marrowbone and/or Spinal Canal a metal object of a few centimeters should have sagged down in a month time? 6
  7. 7. 7 There is a narrow space for brain-fluid circulation, but that space is not suitable for the moving of a metal object of a few centimeters. Marrowbone of C2 The second neck vertebral Atlas C1 C1 Inter-vertebral-disk C2 Spinal-canal Occipital bone
  8. 8. 8 RIB The Spinal Canal is tightly enveloped by the membrane system (Mater). The branches are nerves. There is very few to no space for a metal object to sink down uncomplicated and then to get stuck between the second and third vertebra without any friction. Neck vertebras are more mobile then Thorax vertebras, but the anatomic situation with a Spinal Canal and a enveloping membrane situated within the column vertebrae remains identical to the situation for Thorax vertebras as shown here.
  9. 9. In the Spinal Cord are running 32 pairs of nerves. Between The Spinal Cord and the Spinous Processus a metal object of a few centimeters long should have sagged down and got stuck between C2 and C3. Do notice the head is movable, if there was a metal object of that size located there, with movement of the head friction should have arosen, and with that pressure on the nerves. This should have caused even damaging effects like provoking paralisation. Above if an object was there the vertebral C3 should not have pinched inwardly as we can see on MRI, but should have have given a bursting open effect outwardly. Also this image points out it is very unlikely a metal piece have sagged down from within the head into the neck. (The image is from the internet downloaded, being published by ADAM; we are greatful to them so for all the others sharing information on the internet.) 9
  10. 10. Next to the anatomic investigation about an eventual (im-)possibility of space for a non-organic object to sag down into the neck, there also is anatomic material collected to show a normal presentation of neck vertebrae, because on the X-ray photos there also was some manipulation with. Next to the fact that technically/practically speaking it is impossible that an object can sag down form the head into the neck in a month time with out trouble noticed, it also showed out that the rendering of some vertebrae were not correct, where with the falseness (manipulation) of photo’s anyhow is to be called as proven fact, above that MRI is showing images simular to those on normal X-ray-photos. (Note: During the making of a recent X-ray photo series I had to sit down on a folding chair attached to the wall with my body against the photo-wall. Likewise the body was fixed in a still position, preventing X-ray photo’s from being moved. Source: X-ray Skills 2: Selection from ‘Cervical Spine X-ray Interpretation’ Selection from the instruction for diagnosis of cervical fractures. Makes counting of vertebras easy. (1. The prevertebral space at the level of C-3 should be less than 5 mm in adults. This space is difficult to interpret in children because it can vary widely with swallowing, breathing, and crying. The prevertebral space in children should not exceed two-thirds of the width of the body of C-2. The prevertebral space below the larynx should not exceed the width of the body of C-6.) The image is showing seven neck vertebrae and underneath the first Thorax vertebral T1 (Thorax). The first neck vertebral C1 is also called the Atlas and is carrying the head, the occipital bone of the head is resting upon. The protrusion of C1 is for moving the head up and down. The second vertebral C2 is stabbing through C1, and from their form the marrowbone of C2 32 pair of nerves are running to the brain trunk. 10
  11. 11. (C1 only has one protrusion. There is a X-ray photo of mine, ZHS1H, where we even can see two to each other mirrored posterior Arches that even touch each other, with also two Processus Spinoza of C2!) 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. Reference in favor of being able to make anatomic interpretation of X-ray Photos. Pay attention to T1 en the clavicle (Clavicula) 14
  15. 15. De 15 This X-ray photo is meant in comparison with my frontal X-ray photo. The amalgam fillings (there is mercury in it) are showing out white, because they block radiation from reaching the X-ray negatives. In positive this can also be a black cutting out.
  16. 16. 16 The first Thorax-vertebral T1 is distinguished clearly from the last neck vertebral C7 by its large lateral protrusions. T1
  17. 17. 17 Anatomic pointing out of neck vertebrae in X-ray photo being made frontal of the neck for comparing support.
  18. 18. 18 In a saggital scan of the neck the protrusion of C1 is a good recognizable point to start pointing out vertebrae. Cs is sticking through C1; C1 ia as a kind of ring laying around the upper protrusion of C2 and is carrying the skull bone. The occipital bone is lying on C1 as the basis of the skull. On protrusion of C1 are muscles attached that are needed to be able to move the head up and down.
  19. 19. 19 This anatomic drawing is showing how C2 is sticking in two through the hole of C1 reaching into the skull. Here along a metal object of a few centimeters long should have sagged doen inside the vertebral under the brain membrane against the marrowbone and under the bone tissue of the vertebrae. How odd!
  20. 20. At last for comparing still an image of an X-ray photo, where upon a cervical scan with an orthodontic prosthesis is to be seen. At X-ray photos X-ray radiation is blocked by metal. At the contour shape metal in the neck as a kind of prosthesis is still to be recognized (vertebral-lifting). But a real clear view of the implant is not possible, like on a regular photo showing detail is possible. On MRI scan metal is acting disturbing in the magnetic scanning and it is difficult to obtain images of an eventual implant. In spite of the disturbance a contour-shape still is to be defined approximately of the cutted out image form/shape of the implant, like report is given as in research-script “Medical Research part A’. End of the X-ray photo interpretation theory writing. Siegfried van Hoek. 20