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  1. 1. Cognition, Culture, and LearningPresentationBy April Daniels-Schluns
  2. 2. IntroductionFour topics ofchoice:•Studentculture•Language,sense-making,and literacy•Technology•Social change
  3. 3. Explanation ofTopics•Culture – plays a majorrole in how and whatstudents learn•Language, sense-making, and literacy –closely relates toinformation taught inEnglish Language Artsclassrooms•Technology – currentlypromotes engagementin learning•Social Change – positiveimpact on surroundingenvironment
  4. 4. EducationalContextHopes in choosingthese topics:•Enhancelearning ofstudents•Further aiddesign ofinstructionalactivities•Make learningmeaningful•Enhanceteaching abilities
  5. 5. Student CultureTwo aspects thatneed to be takeninto considerationwhen constructing alearningenvironment:•Student culture isan importantaspect in relationto education•Students aredefined by whothey are and howthey learn
  6. 6. Student CultureContinuedPopular Culture –•Allows for flexibilityof other means ofliteracy growththrough the use of anymedia•Has become a waythat students candevelop their readingskills withoutnecessarily opening aphysical book
  7. 7. Student CultureContinuedPopular Culture ContinuedStudents haveflexibility in gainingmaterial throughelectronics such as:•Reading devices•Computers•Online messages•Music•Television•Advertisements
  8. 8. Student CultureContinuedCultural Differences –•Each culture has a variation in thelanguage•It is important that students beable to foster cultural differences intheir studies so that they are betterequipped to avoidmisunderstandings as well as toovercome any obstacles created dueto cultural differences (Wang, 2011,pp.229-230)•Trust is another important aspectof cultural differences•There must also be a connectionbetween a teacher and his/herstudents from different culturalbackgrounds
  9. 9. TechnologyTechnological AdvancementsSocial media sites that canbe used as communicationcenters for reaching out toother students to gainfurther insight intounderstanding learningobjectives may include:•Facebook•MySpace•TwitterStudents have a betterchance of learning whenthey are able to read andwrite utilizing manydifferent methods (Selfe &Selfe, 2008, p.84).
  10. 10. Language, Sense-Making, andLiteracyLiteracy•There needs to be aconnection between a teacher’slesson plan and a student’sprior knowledge (Lawrence,Rabinowitz, & Perna, 2009,p.61).•One of the best ways in whichto ensure student learning isthrough the observation andexamination of literacycomprehension betweenstudents as well as their level ofparticipation (Santori, 2011,p.206).•One method in which topromote motivation andengagement is to add YoungAdult (YA) books to thecurriculum list.
  11. 11. Social Change•Technology allows for aconnection between youngpeople, whether they arenear or far from eachother.•Blogging has been used asa way to engage youngstudents outside theircomfort zones and withother communities (Haste,2009, p.26).•One of the best places instarting the social changeprocess is by gaining aliberal arts education(Early, 2009, p.55).
  12. 12. Evaluation ofRelationships•Student culture is what makes astudent who they are and itincludes how they are going tolearn throughout theireducational careers.•Technology is constantlychanging and the schools need tofind a way in which toaccommodate their students’learning using the tools available.•Literature, sense-making, andliteracy are all connected becausewhat a student reads and howthey comprehend what they haveread will have a great impact onhow they will continue to developin their literacy skills.•Social change is how teachersand their students have, or planto make, a contribution to theenvironment around them.
  13. 13. Impact onTeaching andLearningStudent Culture•Teachers must knowwhat makes theirstudents tick whencreating learningactivities, in order tocreate effective activelearning experiences forthem.•Student culture is alsoimportant to learningbecause the waystudents learn is partlydependent on student’sbackground.
  14. 14. Impact on Teachingand LearningContinuedTechnologyTechnology has an impact onteaching through:•The level of knowledge thatan educator must possess inorder to be able to monitorthe proper usage of the tool.•Educators have someunderstanding of whatstudents are capable of doingwhile using the technologicaltools before allowingindependent usage.Learning is affected because:•Students are able tocommunicate half-way acrossthe world with other students,on any given subject matter•Students have immediateaccess to information.
  15. 15. Impact on Teachingand LearningContinuedLiterature, Sense-Making, and Literacy•Has an impact onteaching because itencompasses manydifferent aspects of theELA classroom.•In relation to learning,literature, sense-making,and literacy have animpact because of theability of students togain deeperunderstanding throughthe use of technology.
  16. 16. Impact on Teachingand LearningContinuedSocial Change•Social change has animpact on teachingbecause of thecontinual changeswithin the educationalfield.•Changes have begunto take effect thatinvolves the individuallearning of students.
  17. 17. ConclusionAcademic Achievement•It is very important todevelop a trusting,caring, and long-lastingrelationship betweenstudents and teachers, iflearning is to take place.•No matter the process,both teaching andlearning can take placewhen blending studentculture, technology,language, sense-making,and literacy.
  18. 18. ReferenceBenson, S. (2008). A restart of what language art is: Bringing multimodalassignments into secondary language arts. Journal of AdvancedAcademics, 19(4), 634-674.Early, G. (2009). The humanities & social change. Daedalus, 138(1), 52-57.Ham, S.H., & Cha, Y.K. (2009). Positioning education in information society:The transnational diffusion of the information and communicationtechnology curriculum. Comparative Education Review, 53(4), 535-557.Haste, H. (2009). What is ‘comparative’ and how should educationincorporate new technology’s tools to generate ‘competent civic agents’.The Curriculum Journal, 20(3), 207-223.Ijei, C., & Harrison, J. (2010). The long and winding road to social justice:Missouri district uses culturally responsive instruction to close theachievement gap. Journal of Staff Development, 31(4), 30-35.
  19. 19. Reference ContinuedLawrence, S.A., Rabinowitz, R., & Perna, H. (2009). Reading instruction insecondary English Language Arts classrooms. Literacy Research andInstruction, 48(1), 39-64.Neville, M.G. (2009). It takes a village to empower a child: A call for positivesocial change through education. Black History Bulletin, 72(2), 32-33.Norton, B., & Toohey, K. (2011). Identity, language learning, and social change.Language Teaching, 44(4), 412-446.Ostenson, J., & Wodham, R. (2012). Young adult literature and the commoncore: A surprisingly good fit. American Secondary Education, 41(1), 4-13.Page, M.A. (2012). Popular culture: The new literacy challenge for Englishteachers. English Journal, 102(2), 129-133.Santori, D. (2011). “Search for the answers” or “talk about the story”?:School-based literacy participation structures. Language Arts, 88(3), 198-207.
  20. 20. Reference ContinuedSelfe, R.J., & Selfe, C.L. (2008). “Convince me!” Validating multimodalliteracies and composing public service announcements. Theory intoPractice, 47(1), 83-92.Sweeney, S.M. (2010). Writing for the instant messaging and text messaginggeneration: Using new literacies to support writing instruction. Journal ofAdolescent & Adult Literacy, 54(2), 121-130.Van Maele, D., & van Houtte, M. (2011). The quality of school life: Teacher-student trust relationships and the organizational school context. SocialIndicators Research, 100(1), 85-100.Wang, J. (2011). Culture differences and English teaching. English LanguageTeaching, 4(2), 223-230.Wendt, J.L. (2013). Combating the crisis in adolescent literacy: Exploringliteracy in the secondary classroom. American Secondary Education, 41(2),38-48.