Scarlet MinivetThe Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus is a small passerine bird. This Minivet is found in tropicalsout...
Scarlet minivet
Scarlet minivet
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Scarlet minivet

534 views

Published on

Published in: Lifestyle
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Scarlet minivet

  1. 1. Scarlet MinivetThe Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus is a small passerine bird. This Minivet is found in tropicalsouthern Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to southern China, Indonesia, and the Philippines. They arecommon resident breeding birds in forests and other well-wooded habitats including gardens, especially inhilly country. While the male of most subspecies are scarlet to orange with black upper parts, the femalesare usually yellow with grayish olive upper parts. Several former subspecies have been elevated to speciesstatus in recent works. These include the Orange Minivet (flammeus in the narrow sense) while the ScarletMinivet in the restricted sense is used for Pericrocotus specious. All subspecies have the same habits ofgleaning for insects and are often seen in mixed-species foraging flocks, usually foraging in small groups,high up in the forest canopy. The Scarlet Minivet is 20–22 cm (7.9–8.7 in) long with a strong dark beak andlong wings. The male has black upperparts and head, and scarlet under parts, tail edges, rump and wingpatches. The shape and colour of the wing patches and the shade or orange in the male varies acrosspopulations. In the subspecies nigroluteus and marchesae from south Philippines the scarlet/orange isentirely replaced by yellow. The female is grey above, with yellow under parts (including the face), tailedges, rump and wing patches. There is considerable geographic variation in this species and severaldisjunct populations exist. Some former races are sometimes considered full species requiring thereorganization of other former subspecies. As many as nineteen subspecies have been described. Racespecious (Latham, 1790) found along the Himalayas from Kashmir east to southern China has been elevatedto a full species in some works. If this is considered a species, then the races fraterculus, andamanensis andsemiruber would be considered as subspecies of that species. This Minivet catches insects in trees by flycatching or while perched. It flushes insects out of foliage by beating its wings hard. Scarlet Minivet willform small flocks. Its song is a pleasant whistling. This bird nests high up in the treetops. The nest is a cup-like structure woven with small twigs and spiders webs to increase the strength of the nest. Two or threespotted pale green eggs are laid. Incubation is mainly by the female, but both birds help to raise theoffspring.SubspeciesThe named subspecies within this complex include:  Fraterculus Swinhoe, 1870 is found in the northeast of India and extends into Myanmar, Yunnan and Hainan  Semiruber Whistler & Kinnear, 1933 is found in southern Myanmar and Thailand  Andamanensis Beaver, 1867 - Andaman Islands  Orange Minivet, 1781 Western Ghats, Nilgiris and Sri Lanka  Fohkiensis Buturlin, 1910 is found in Southeastern China  Flammifer Hume, 1875 is found in southern Myanmar, southern Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia  Xanthogaster (Raffles, 1822) is found in the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra

×