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CRICKET
Cricket is a Bat and BallCRICKET
                           game played between two teams of
11 players on a field, at the centre of which is a rectangular
22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many
runs as possible while the other team bows and fields, trying
to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the
batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting
the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch
and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The
teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an
innings. Cricket was first played in southern England in the
16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed
into the national sport of England. The expansion of the
British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by
the mid-19th century the first international matches were
being held. The ICC, the game's governing body, has ten full
members. The game is played particularly in Australasia, the
Indian subcontinent, the West Indies, Southern Africa and
England. The objective of each team is to score more runs
than the other team. In Test cricket, it is necessary to score
the most runs and dismiss the opposition twice in order to
win the match, which would otherwise be drawn.
The history of cricket to 1725 traces the Sport’s development from its
perceived origins to the stage where it had become a major sport in
England and had been introduced to other countries. The earliest
definite reference to cricket occurs in 1598 and makes clear that the
sport was being played c.1550, but its true origin is a mystery. The
sparse information available about cricket's early years suggests that it
was originally a children's game. Then, at the beginning of the 17th
century, it was taken up by working men. During the reign of Charles
I, the gentry took an increased interest as patrons and occasionally as
players. By the time of the Hanoverian succession, investment in
cricket had created the professional player, thus establishing the sport
as a popular social activity in London and the south of England.
Meanwhile, English colonists had introduced cricket to North America
and the West Indies; and the sailors and traders of the East India
Company had taken it to the Indian subcontinent.
PITCH AND CREASES
The pitch is 22 yards (20 m) or one chain in length
between the wickets and is 10 feet (3.0 m) wide. It is a flat
surface and has very short grass that tends to be worn
away as the game progresses. The "condition" of the
pitch has a significant bearing on the match and team
tactics are always determined with the state of the
pitch, both current and anticipated, as a deciding factor.


 A bowling crease is 8 feet 8 inches (2.64 m) long with the
middle stump placed dead centre. The popping crease
has the same length, is parallel to the bowling crease and
is 4 feet (1.2 m) in front of the wicket. The return creases
are perpendicular to the other two; they are adjoined to
the ends of the popping crease and are drawn through
the ends of the bowling crease to a length of at least 8
feet (2.4 m).
WICKETS
Each wicket consists of
three wooden stumps
placed in a straight line
and surmounted by two
wooden      crosspieces
called bails; the total
height of the wicket
including bails is 28.5
inches (720 mm) and the
combined width of the
three stumps is 9 inches
(230 mm).
CRICKET BALL
 Hard, cork and string ball, covered with leather. A bit
like a baseball (in size and hardness), but the leather
covering      is   thicker   and    joined    in    two
hemispheres, not in a tennis ball pattern. The seam
is thus like an equator, and the stitching is raised
slightly. The circumference is between 224 and 229
millimeters (8.81 to 9.00 inches), and the ball weighs
between 156 and 163 grams (5.5 to 5.75 ounces).
Traditionally the ball is dyed red, with the stitching
left white. Nowadays white balls are also used, for
visibility in games played at night under artificial
lighting.
CRICKET BAT


Blade made of willow, flat on one
side, humped on the other for
strength, attached to a sturdy
cane handle. The blade has a
maximum       width      of     108
millimeters (4.25 inches) and the
whole bat has a maximum length
of 965 millimeters (38 inches).
PADS, BAT, BALL, HELMET AND
GLOVES
TEAM STRUCTURE

 A team consists of eleven players. Depending on his
or her primary skills, a player may be classified as a
specialist batsman or bowler. A well-balanced team
usually has five or six specialist batsmen and four or
five specialist bowlers. Teams nearly always include
a specialist wicket-keeper because of the importance
of this fielding position. Each team is headed by a
captain who is responsible for making tactical
decisions such as determining the batting order, the
placement of fielders and the rotation of bowlers.
 A player who excels in both batting and bowling is
known as an all-rounder. One who excels as a
batsman and wicket-keeper is known as a "wicket-
keeper/batsman", sometimes regarded as a type of
all-rounder. True all-rounders are rare as most
EXTRAS
 Bye
 No ball
 Wide
 Leg bye
DISMISSALS (OUTS)
   Bold or Clean Bold
   Caught
   Leg before wicket {lbw}
   Run out
   Stumped
   Hit wicket
STATISTICS
   Innings
   Not outs
   Runs
   Batting and Bowling Average
   Centuries (100)
   Balls Faced
   Strike Rate
   Balls
   Maiden Overs & Overs
   Runs
   Wickets
   Extras
TYPES OF MATCHES

   Test cricket is the highest standard of first-class
    cricket. A Test match is an international fixture
    between teams representing those countries that are
    Full Members of the ICC. It is played for 5 days and
    both teams play 2-2 innings.
   ODI {One Day International} is played for 50-50 overs
    having 6balls / over.
ABOUT
  SOME
CRICKETER
SIR DON BRADMAN
BRIAN LARA
RAHUL DRAVID
Competition               Test     ODI      FC       LA
Matches                   164      344      298      449
Runs scored               13,288   10,889   23,794   15,271
Batting average           52.31    39.16    55.33    42.30
100s/50s                  36/63    12/83    68/117   21/112
Top score                 270      153      270      153
Balls bowled              120      186      617      477
Wickets                   1        4        5        4
Bowling average           39.00    42.50    54.60    105.25
5 wickets in innings      0        0        0        0
10 wickets in match       0        0        0        0
Best bowling              1/18     2/43     2/16     2/43
Catches/Stumping          210/0    196/14   353/1    233/17
SACHIN TENDULKAR
Competition                Test     ODI      FC       LA
Matches                    188      462      292      550
Runs scored                15,470   18,374   24,389   21,947
Batting average            55.44    44.81    58.62    45.53
100s/50s                   51/65    49/96    78/111   60/113
Top score                  248*     200*     248*     200*
Balls bowled               4,174    8,032    7,539    10,220
Wickets                    45       154      70       201
Bowling average            54.33    44.32    61.95    42.11
5 wickets in innings       0        2        0        2
10 wickets in match        0        n/a      0        n/a
Best bowling               3/10     5/32     3/10     5/32
Catches/Stumping           113/–    140/–    181/–    175/–
GARFIELD SOBERS
THANKS

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Cricket

  • 2. Cricket is a Bat and BallCRICKET game played between two teams of 11 players on a field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bows and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings. Cricket was first played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed into the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. The ICC, the game's governing body, has ten full members. The game is played particularly in Australasia, the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies, Southern Africa and England. The objective of each team is to score more runs than the other team. In Test cricket, it is necessary to score the most runs and dismiss the opposition twice in order to win the match, which would otherwise be drawn.
  • 3. The history of cricket to 1725 traces the Sport’s development from its perceived origins to the stage where it had become a major sport in England and had been introduced to other countries. The earliest definite reference to cricket occurs in 1598 and makes clear that the sport was being played c.1550, but its true origin is a mystery. The sparse information available about cricket's early years suggests that it was originally a children's game. Then, at the beginning of the 17th century, it was taken up by working men. During the reign of Charles I, the gentry took an increased interest as patrons and occasionally as players. By the time of the Hanoverian succession, investment in cricket had created the professional player, thus establishing the sport as a popular social activity in London and the south of England. Meanwhile, English colonists had introduced cricket to North America and the West Indies; and the sailors and traders of the East India Company had taken it to the Indian subcontinent.
  • 4. PITCH AND CREASES The pitch is 22 yards (20 m) or one chain in length between the wickets and is 10 feet (3.0 m) wide. It is a flat surface and has very short grass that tends to be worn away as the game progresses. The "condition" of the pitch has a significant bearing on the match and team tactics are always determined with the state of the pitch, both current and anticipated, as a deciding factor. A bowling crease is 8 feet 8 inches (2.64 m) long with the middle stump placed dead centre. The popping crease has the same length, is parallel to the bowling crease and is 4 feet (1.2 m) in front of the wicket. The return creases are perpendicular to the other two; they are adjoined to the ends of the popping crease and are drawn through the ends of the bowling crease to a length of at least 8 feet (2.4 m).
  • 5. WICKETS Each wicket consists of three wooden stumps placed in a straight line and surmounted by two wooden crosspieces called bails; the total height of the wicket including bails is 28.5 inches (720 mm) and the combined width of the three stumps is 9 inches (230 mm).
  • 6. CRICKET BALL Hard, cork and string ball, covered with leather. A bit like a baseball (in size and hardness), but the leather covering is thicker and joined in two hemispheres, not in a tennis ball pattern. The seam is thus like an equator, and the stitching is raised slightly. The circumference is between 224 and 229 millimeters (8.81 to 9.00 inches), and the ball weighs between 156 and 163 grams (5.5 to 5.75 ounces). Traditionally the ball is dyed red, with the stitching left white. Nowadays white balls are also used, for visibility in games played at night under artificial lighting.
  • 7. CRICKET BAT Blade made of willow, flat on one side, humped on the other for strength, attached to a sturdy cane handle. The blade has a maximum width of 108 millimeters (4.25 inches) and the whole bat has a maximum length of 965 millimeters (38 inches).
  • 8. PADS, BAT, BALL, HELMET AND GLOVES
  • 9. TEAM STRUCTURE A team consists of eleven players. Depending on his or her primary skills, a player may be classified as a specialist batsman or bowler. A well-balanced team usually has five or six specialist batsmen and four or five specialist bowlers. Teams nearly always include a specialist wicket-keeper because of the importance of this fielding position. Each team is headed by a captain who is responsible for making tactical decisions such as determining the batting order, the placement of fielders and the rotation of bowlers. A player who excels in both batting and bowling is known as an all-rounder. One who excels as a batsman and wicket-keeper is known as a "wicket- keeper/batsman", sometimes regarded as a type of all-rounder. True all-rounders are rare as most
  • 10. EXTRAS  Bye  No ball  Wide  Leg bye
  • 11. DISMISSALS (OUTS)  Bold or Clean Bold  Caught  Leg before wicket {lbw}  Run out  Stumped  Hit wicket
  • 12. STATISTICS  Innings  Not outs  Runs  Batting and Bowling Average  Centuries (100)  Balls Faced  Strike Rate  Balls  Maiden Overs & Overs  Runs  Wickets  Extras
  • 13. TYPES OF MATCHES  Test cricket is the highest standard of first-class cricket. A Test match is an international fixture between teams representing those countries that are Full Members of the ICC. It is played for 5 days and both teams play 2-2 innings.  ODI {One Day International} is played for 50-50 overs having 6balls / over.
  • 17. RAHUL DRAVID Competition Test ODI FC LA Matches 164 344 298 449 Runs scored 13,288 10,889 23,794 15,271 Batting average 52.31 39.16 55.33 42.30 100s/50s 36/63 12/83 68/117 21/112 Top score 270 153 270 153 Balls bowled 120 186 617 477 Wickets 1 4 5 4 Bowling average 39.00 42.50 54.60 105.25 5 wickets in innings 0 0 0 0 10 wickets in match 0 0 0 0 Best bowling 1/18 2/43 2/16 2/43 Catches/Stumping 210/0 196/14 353/1 233/17
  • 18. SACHIN TENDULKAR Competition Test ODI FC LA Matches 188 462 292 550 Runs scored 15,470 18,374 24,389 21,947 Batting average 55.44 44.81 58.62 45.53 100s/50s 51/65 49/96 78/111 60/113 Top score 248* 200* 248* 200* Balls bowled 4,174 8,032 7,539 10,220 Wickets 45 154 70 201 Bowling average 54.33 44.32 61.95 42.11 5 wickets in innings 0 2 0 2 10 wickets in match 0 n/a 0 n/a Best bowling 3/10 5/32 3/10 5/32 Catches/Stumping 113/– 140/– 181/– 175/–