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Giving Birth - Complete Guide For Your Preparation


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Giving birth of a baby is very crucial part of the Pregnancy. There are many important aspects one should know to be prepare for the complications which one might face.

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Giving Birth - Complete Guide For Your Preparation

  1. 1. Have your bags packed and ready totake your baby in hands. It is not easybecause there are various importantinformation about this phase which onemust know.Pregnancy:Giving Birth
  2. 2. Index Pack Your Bags……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2What to Expect When Giving Birth – Phase One ...................................................................................... 4What to Expect When Giving Birth – Phase Two ...................................................................................... 5What to Expect When Giving Birth – Phase Three ................................................................................... 6Giving Birth Through Cesarean Section .................................................................................................... 8 1
  3. 3. Pack your bags!At some stage in the third trimester of your pregnancy you will need to pack a hospital bag witheverything you’ll need during and after giving birth.Nobody, apart from your baby, knows when she will be arriving or how much of a hurry she willbe in to make an appearance. So it makes sense not to leave packing until the last moment.Having your bags packed and ready during your pregnancy means youll be prepared for herarrival.You may want to have two bags ready. One could be a “giving birth” bag with things you mayneed during labour (whether you are planning on a home or hospital birth.)The other would be for you and your baby’s stay in hospital.Different hospitals have different requirements, for example, some provide washable nappieswhile others expect you to bring in your own disposables. If youre having a hospital birth at somestage in your pregnancy its worth asking your midwife or the hospital for a list of what youllneed.But here are some suggestions:Items for your “giving birth” bagYour maternity notes and birth plan (make sure these are easily accessible)Loose cotton T-shirt or nightdress to wear during labour (preferably one you are ok to throwaway afterwards)Socks to keep your feet warmTENS machine if you are using oneNatural sponge for mopping your face or sucking onMassage oil or lotion for back rubsWater spray to cool you downTowel, toiletries, tissues and hairbrushMP3 player and cameraFavourite CD if you are allowed to play your own music in the wardSnacks and drinks for you and your birth partnerMoney for car park and phone or a phone card (mobiles may not be allowed)Items for your stay in hospital 2
  4. 4. For you:Nightdress (front opening for breastfeeding)Dressing gown and slippersNursing brasTowel, wash things, toiletries and cosmeticsSeveral older, cheap or disposable knickersMaternity or super-absorbent sanitary towelsClothes and shoes for going home inBooks, magazinesFor your baby:Newborn nappies and nappy sacksBaby toiletries and cotton wool2/3 sleep suits2/3 vestsOutdoor clothes suitable for the time of yearShawls or cot blanketBaby car seat for taking your baby homeThese check lists cover the main items youll want to take with you, but you may want to addother, more personal items, such as a photograph of other children or a gift to give an oldersibling from the new arrival.Snacks and drinks can be added to your bags at the last minute.( Source: ) 3
  5. 5. What to Expect When Giving Birth – Phase OneAll women wonder how they will cope having a baby. Of course it’s natural to be a little anxious,but it helps to tackle the fear of the unknown by talking to other women who’ve been throughthe experience or reading about how labour progresses so you know what happens at each stage.A first labour usually lasts between 12 and 16 hours (although it can be shorter or longer).Second, third and following labours are often much shorter, but if the subsequent babies arelarger then labour may last just as long.A woman goes through early labour (which some women don’t even notice is happening) thenthree more recognisable stages of labour.Giving birth is rarely speedy, although we’ve all heard examples of babies who have rushed outbefore mum has a chance to reach hospital.The very early stage of labour can take hours, or even days as contractions usually start verymildly as little more than a twinge and start to build up as they put pressure on your cervix toopen up (dilate).If you have been advised by your GP to go into hospital early, or there’s a snow storm forecasted,then now is the time to set off. But if you are not expected to have any complications you mightas well stay in the comfort of your own home.Moving around during early labour, or soaking in a warm bath will help you cope with the earlycontractions.During this time you may experience a show - a mucus plug which seals the opening of the cervixand comes away as a blob or series of small blobs in your underwear.This occurs when the cervix stretches and softens. It can happen a couple of hours or even acouple of days before giving birth.Once you are having strong, regular contractions, lasting about 45–60 seconds and coming everyfive to 10 minutes you will need to go to the hospital. If you are having a baby at home, now isthe time to call your midwife. 4
  6. 6. At the hospital your midwife will assess how close you are to giving birth and discuss your painrelief choices.You may be connected to a hand-held Doppler or a foetal monitor to check baby’s heartbeat. Youwill be encouraged to eat light snacks and to drink plenty of liquid.Meanwhile you cervix will be dilating – it has to open to 10cm during the first stage and the timethis takes varies from woman to woman.As labour progresses, your contractions will become much stronger with hardly any gaps inbetween them and you may feel the urge to push. But your midwife will tell you when you cansafely do this.In the early stages of having a baby your partner can help with their encouragement, back rubs,feeding you sips of water, or moping your brow with a cool cloth.( Source: ) What to Expect When Giving Birth – Phase TwoThe great day has arrived, but while every mum wants giving birth to go as quickly as possible,the truth is that most first labours last an average of 12 to 16 hours.A woman goes through early labour then three more recognisable stages of labour. The firststage is the longest one, with contractions building in intensity and frequency as the cervix openssufficiently.The second phase is the actual delivery of the baby and the third phase usually refers to thedelivery of the placenta.The second stage, which can take up to an hour, is the most exciting phase of having a baby asthe big moment is almost here. Of course it can be painful – although you will be offered painrelief to help cope with the contractions - and the pushing can be exhausting. But the end is insight. Soon you will be holding your newborn baby in your arms.Suring this second phase of having a baby, your contractions will become even stronger andcloser together and you will feel the urge to bear down and push with each one. 5
  7. 7. With every single push, your baby will move further down the birth canal and you are closer togiving birth.Eventually the babys head will crown, passing through the perineum and you may feel anintense burning sensation.The midwife will most likely encourage you to ‘pant’, a succession of quick, short breaths to allowthe perineum to stretch and not tear.Some women will of course tear, or possibly, before that happens, your midwife will decide toperform an episiotomy (a small cut which will be stitched after you have given birth).Once your baby’s head is out the next contraction is the most important one of all. When youstart to push this final time your baby will turn to release one shoulder, quickly followed by theother.This is a moment of intense relief as all pain and discomfort stops immediately. Many womendescribe the moment as feeling incredibly, intensely happy.Once the baby is born, the cord will be clamped and cut – sometimes new dads are allowed to dothis – and the baby will be handed to the proud mum.This skin-to-skin contact is beautiful and very natural and although baby may look discoloured,wrinkly and not at all like the newborn babies in the movies, she will seem like the most beautifulbaby in the world to the proud new mum and dad.( Source: ) What to Expect When Giving Birth – Phase ThreeOnce a woman has passed through the very early stages of having a baby there are threerecognised phases of labour.The very early stages of labour can take hours, or even days, as contractions usually start as littlemore than a twinge and then build in intensity and frequency as pressure on the cervix causes itto open up (dilate). 6
  8. 8. The cervix has to open to 10cm during the first stage of giving birth, and the time this takes variesfrom woman to woman.The second phase of labour is the final hour of having a baby. The big moment is close andalthough most women will be feeling tired by now, they will also have a feeling of euphoria thattheir baby is almost here.During stage two you will have the urge to push and will be encouraged to do so until baby’shead has appeared.During one final big push your baby will release one shoulder, turn and release the other then shewill be born. Some women may be in danger of tearing at this stage, but a small, neat cut(episiotomy) which can be stitched after giving birth, will prevent this happening.In stage three the placenta (or after-birth) has to be expelled and in most cases this is quitestraightforward.Many women are so preoccupied with their newborn baby in their arms, they don’t even noticethis is happening.With your permission, your midwife will give you an injection of syntometrine immediately afteryour baby is born. This speeds up the delivery of the placenta which usually arrives between fiveand 20 minutes after giving birth.Sometimes it takes a few gentle pushes and it’s out, or your midwife may gently pull the cord tohelp to remove it while you relax your tummy.A natural third stage, where the placenta is expelled without the need for drugs, isn’t suitable foreveryone.When no injection is given this third stage of having a baby could last for up to an hour and awoman can experience some bleeding.In some rare cases the placenta, or part of it, stubbornly refuses to move and this can causeheavy bleeding and removal under anaesthetic.Once you have given birth and while you are being cleaned up and given any stitches that arenecessary, your baby will be checked over to make sure she’s healthy.( Source: ) 7
  9. 9. Giving Birth Through Cesarean SectionAlthough it takes longer to recover from giving birth by Caesarean, mums who have their babiesthis way are still able to hold and breastfeed their babies soon afterwards.Giving birth by Caesarean entails an operation with an obstetrician making a cut through thetummy and into the uterus (womb) to lift the baby, or babies, out.Mums usually stay awake during the procedure and can see the moment their baby is lifted outof them. Partners can be present too.There are two types of Caesarean, a planned (also called elective) one and an emergency one. Ifyou have a Caesarean birth you can still deliver vaginally the next time.A woman having a planned or elective caesarean will be made fully aware of all the birthing andpregnancy information she needs well in advance.There are several reasons why a woman may have a planned Caesarean. These include: o You or your baby developed a complication during pregnancy or labour. o Youve already had two (or more) Caesareans. o You have an infection which could be passed to your baby during a vaginal birth. o Youve requested a Caesarean. o Your baby is lying transverse (sideways) or keeps moving around (unstable) or is a bottom- down, or breech, position. o You have pre-eclampsia or eclampsia. o Your baby is not growing properly. o You have a pre-existing medical condition, such as heart disease or diabetes which puts you or baby at risk. o Your placenta is low-lying (placenta praevia). o You are having a multiple birth. o You have lost a baby during or just before a previous labour.Only around six percent of Caesarean births are classed as emergency.They may occur because of: o A complication during pregnancy or labour affecting you or your baby. 8
  10. 10. o Prolapse of the cord (when the umbilical cord gets ahead of your baby and there is a risk of it becoming squashed and blocking baby’s oxygen). o Your labour is taking too long and you are not dilating sufficiently.During pregnancy, information about what is happening to your body and what changes you canexpect is vital… and never more so than when you are having a Caesarean.You will be given a full explanation of the procedure and all possible risk scenarios and you will beasked to give your consent before the operation goes ahead.The main disadvantage of a Caesarean birth is the pain and discomfort after the operation whichcan last a few weeks.Medicines will help you cope, but your day-to-day activities could be affected for several weeks.( Source: ) 9