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Constitution Project

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Constitution Project

  1. 1. Road to the Constitution Key By Emily Adamson
  2. 2. Magna Carta <ul><li>In 1215, the nobles of </li></ul><ul><li>England decided to write a </li></ul><ul><li>document assuring that they would </li></ul><ul><li>have rights and King John would </li></ul><ul><li>respect them. This document was </li></ul><ul><li>called the Magna Carta. The nobles </li></ul><ul><li>felt compelled to write the Magna </li></ul><ul><li>Carta because they believed they </li></ul><ul><li>were being overtaxed and the king </li></ul><ul><li>was not respecting their rights. The </li></ul><ul><li>Magna Carta was significant </li></ul><ul><li>because it was the first written </li></ul><ul><li>document that granted people some </li></ul><ul><li>rights and it laid the foundation for a </li></ul><ul><li>limited monarchy and legislature. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Parliament <ul><li>King Henry III regularly met </li></ul><ul><li>with church officials and nobles </li></ul><ul><li>to discuss issues within </li></ul><ul><li>England. These meetings were </li></ul><ul><li>called Parliament. Gradually, the </li></ul><ul><li>size of the group grew in size </li></ul><ul><li>and power. Eventually by the </li></ul><ul><li>late 1300s, the group was called </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament and it became a </li></ul><ul><li>legislature. The Parliament was </li></ul><ul><li>significant in the English </li></ul><ul><li>government because the </li></ul><ul><li>citizens were being represented </li></ul><ul><li>in government for the first time. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Glorious Revolution <ul><li> In the late 1600s, the people of </li></ul><ul><li>England were not satisfied with the </li></ul><ul><li>way King James II was ruling their </li></ul><ul><li>country. The Parliament showed </li></ul><ul><li>they were more powerful than the </li></ul><ul><li>monarch when they threw King </li></ul><ul><li>James II out of power in 1688. To </li></ul><ul><li>ensure their power was greater than </li></ul><ul><li>the monarch’s, they wrote the </li></ul><ul><li>English Bills of Rights. The Glorious </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution was important because </li></ul><ul><li>from 1688 on, the English citizens’ </li></ul><ul><li>voices would be heard through the </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament and their voices would be </li></ul><ul><li>stronger than that of the monarch’s. </li></ul>
  5. 5. House of Burgesses <ul><li>In 1607, English colonists </li></ul><ul><li>established the first North American </li></ul><ul><li>colony, Jamestown, in Virginia. These </li></ul><ul><li>colonists faced many problems like </li></ul><ul><li>disease and hunger. In 1619, the </li></ul><ul><li>people of Jamestown took the initiative </li></ul><ul><li>of sending two representatives from </li></ul><ul><li>each plantation or town to represent </li></ul><ul><li>them in a group. This group was called </li></ul><ul><li>the House of Burgesses and they tried </li></ul><ul><li>to solve the problems of the </li></ul><ul><li>settlement. Even though the House of </li></ul><ul><li>Burgesses may not have been </li></ul><ul><li>successful in solving problems, it’s </li></ul><ul><li>important because it was the first </li></ul><ul><li>legislature and attempt at a </li></ul><ul><li>representative government in colonial </li></ul><ul><li>America. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mayflower Compact <ul><li>In 1620, forty one of the pilgrims </li></ul><ul><li>drew up and signed a document </li></ul><ul><li>called the Mayflower Compact before </li></ul><ul><li>they reached Massachusetts. This </li></ul><ul><li>document stated that their </li></ul><ul><li>government would make laws that </li></ul><ul><li>would be good for all of the </li></ul><ul><li>community and that they would have </li></ul><ul><li>a direct democracy. Their </li></ul><ul><li>establishment of a direct democracy is </li></ul><ul><li>important because it was the start of </li></ul><ul><li>many other groups choosing a direct </li></ul><ul><li>democracy in New England. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Enlightenment Period <ul><li> In the 1680s to 1770s, there </li></ul><ul><li>was a period of philosophizing </li></ul><ul><li>about government. People </li></ul><ul><li>were beginning to write </li></ul><ul><li>documents about how governments </li></ul><ul><li>should be and act (greater rights, </li></ul><ul><li>equality). During this time period this </li></ul><ul><li>literature spread and people began to </li></ul><ul><li>question their government. Even </li></ul><ul><li>though the center of the </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightenment Period in France, it had </li></ul><ul><li>an impact on our government today </li></ul><ul><li>because it laid the foundation for our </li></ul><ul><li>constitution. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mercantilism <ul><li>All throughout the colonies’ </li></ul><ul><li>history, the British were always </li></ul><ul><li>looking to make a profit off of them. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1600s and 1700s, the British </li></ul><ul><li>followed mercantilism, that a country </li></ul><ul><li>should export more goods than it imports </li></ul><ul><li>because they believed it would make </li></ul><ul><li>them wealthier. The colonists didn’t like </li></ul><ul><li>paying the high taxes, selling their goods </li></ul><ul><li>for a lower price, and buying them from </li></ul><ul><li>Britain at a much higher one. Spain, </li></ul><ul><li>France, and even some of the colonists </li></ul><ul><li>started a secret sales of goods because of </li></ul><ul><li>the high prices. The policy of </li></ul><ul><li>mercantilism is important because it </li></ul><ul><li>angered the colonists which was part of </li></ul><ul><li>the process leading to our independence. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>In 1776, most of the delegates </li></ul><ul><li>that met at the First and Second </li></ul><ul><li>Continental Congress felt they must </li></ul><ul><li>because independent from Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>They formed a group to write a </li></ul><ul><li>document to announce their </li></ul><ul><li>independence, The Declaration of </li></ul><ul><li>Independence. The Declaration of </li></ul><ul><li>Independence is one of the most </li></ul><ul><li>important documents in our history </li></ul><ul><li>because it was the biggest step </li></ul><ul><li>towards independence and it showed </li></ul><ul><li>that everyone has the right to be </li></ul><ul><li>independent. </li></ul>

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