LESSON 3 –EXAM – SECTION A –QUESTION 1L.O.To know key terminology to describe action adventure characters and events.To know how to construct an effective Question 1 response.
NARRATIVE TERMS REMINDER – HOW MANYDO YOU KNOW?REDHERRINGCLIFF-HANGERSUSPENSE SURPRISEMONTAGEEVENTS CHARACTERSRESOURCEFULDOMINANT/SUBMISSIVEMORAL /IMMORALUNDERDOGCONFLICTPERIL /JEAPORDYHERO /VILLAINSIDEKICKHENCHMANARCHETYPESPECTACLEPROTAGONIST ANTAGONISTCHALLENGE (PHYSICAL,MENTAL, SKILL)SET-PEICEBINARY-OPPOSITION
QUESTION 1Explain two ways the characters and/or events inthe extract fit the action adventure genre. Useexamples from extract.(By ‘characters and/or events’ they actually meanNARRATIVE.)• DON’T worry about representation or micro-features.• DO talk about events, actions and character ‘types’Lucky for you the question never changes, somemorise it and practice often!
QUESTION 1 PROTOCOL1) Identify Sub-genre2) List generic conventions seen in extract3) Identify specific examples of each feature4) Write up your findingsLet’s practice! Watch the given extract fromTomb Raider: The Cradle of Life and watchout for generic conventions.
QUESTION PROTOCOLSub-genre - Generic convention Example
MARK SCHEME – DID YOU GET ANY OF THESE?If you missed any add them to your table.• Lara is an underdog heroine attacked by a larger force of villains• Lara is resourceful, strong, quick-witted, and humorous – (classic hero)• The villains are characterless, underhand, and unnecessarily violent (clearmorality)• There is a ‘magic object’ and a suggestion of treasure• Conflict is represented by violence• There is a set piece spectacular set-destruction sequence.• An exotic location
THE RESPONSEEXPLAIN TWO WAYS THE CHARACTERS AND/OR EVENTS IN THE EXTRACT FIT THE ACTION ADVENTURE GENRE. USEEXAMPLES FROM EXTRACT.• Lara is an underdog heroine attacked by a larger force of villains• Lara is resourceful, strong, quick-witted, and humorous – (classic hero)• The villains are characterless, underhand, and unnecessarily violent (clearmorality)• There is a ‘magic object’ and a suggestion of treasure• Conflict is represented by violence• There is a set piece spectacular set-destruction sequence.• An exotic locationNow pick any two and write up your question response. You should refer to allplanning table columns (sub-genre, convention and example)All answers (A*-C) should pick out two generic conventions.Good answers (A*-B) will give some detail from the extract to exemplify theirargument.Best answers (A*-A) will use terminology – especially ‘generic convention’,‘protagonist’, and ‘antagonist’ – and gave.
PLENARYUse the assessment tick sheet to mark your friends work. Give themone strength and one point for development.Level 1 (0-2 marks)• Describe some aspects of the text• Shows minimal understanding of generic conventions• No, minimal or inaccurate use of terminology• Some simple ideas expressed with errors of spelling, punctuation and grammar that obscure meaning. Writing may also lack legibility.Level 2 (3-5 marks)• States at least one generic narrative feature• Shows some understanding of generic conventions• Offers some textual evidence (at the top)• Limited use of terminology• Simple ideas expressed appropriately but possibly with some errors of spelling, punctuation and grammar that obscure meaning.Level 3 (6-7 marks)• States two generic narrative features• Shows sound understanding of appropriate generic conventions• Offers sound textual evidence (at the top)• Some accurate use of terminology• Ideas expressed with some clarity and fluency; errors of spelling, punctuation and grammar do not obscure meaning.Level 4 (8-10 marks)• Explain two generic narrative features• Shows thorough understanding of appropriate generic conventions• Ideas and arguments supported by evidence• Precise and accurate use of terminology• Ideas expressed clearly and fluently in well structured sentences with few, if any, errors of spelling, punctuation and grammar.
TECHNICAL TERMS REMINDER – SORT THE TERMS!Mise-en-scene Cinematography(camerawork)Sound Editing
QUESTION 22 Explain how each of the following is used to createeffects that fit the action adventure genre:• soundtrack• camerawork• editing• mise-en-scène.Use examples from the extract. THRILLSPECTACLETENSIONDRAMAQUESTION –WHAT EFFECTS MAY AN ACTION ADVENTURESEQUENCE WANT TO CREATE?
EDITING• C hoice• O rder• L ength• T ransitions• S pecial Effects
MARK SCHEMELevel 4 (16-20 marks)• Comprehensive range of examples• Detailed analysis of textual evidence from the extract• Precise and accurate use of terminology• Thorough understanding of connotative effect• Ideas expressed clearly and fluently in wellstructured sentences with few, if any, errors ofspelling, punctuation and grammar.
THE EXAMINERS SAYDO NOT concentrate not on generic conventions, which arecovered by question 1,DO NOT list observations without explaining effectsDO NOT define key terms (the examiner knows what diageticmeans!)DO focus on media language elements and their connotativeeffects.DO try to describe all four bullet points equally
QUESTION PROTOCOL1)Determine ‘effects’ that the sequence istrying to create.2)Identify techniques (in table) that areused to achieve these effects.3)Use notes to construct a response usingTECHNICAL LANGUAGE.
QUESTION PLANNINGTECHNIQUE EXAMPLE EFFECTCAMERAWORKSOUNDMISE-EN-SCENEEDITING
Most candidates found the soundtrack easy to analyse, usually citing the tonalchanges in the music, the dialogue between Lara and her Greek helpers, and thesounds of shots and of the temple collapsing. Several responses noted thetemporary absence of sound as a precursor to events. Many made reference (notalways accurately) to diegetic and non diegetic sounds; better candidates usedthis terminology as part of a wider connotative analysis of particular examples,rather than simply listing whether a sound was diegetic or non-diegetic – acommon fault in weaker answers.how the exaggerated sound effect as Larafire her gun connotes its powerthe use of eerie music with a sound effectof rocks moving leading to ecstatic musicas the light fills the chamberTECHNIQUE EXAMPLE EFFECTCAMERAWORK-crane shot(establishing)-constant use of dutch tilt-CU Lara showingreaction-high angle & low angle-hand-held camera-tracking shot-tracking shot 2-insert-on entering temple-of statues-getting the orb-looking down at sidekicks up atLara-escaping collapsing-following orb-Lara underwater swimming-shooting pillar-establishes dramatic location-unease and excitement-creates empathy with protagonist-establishes power-reflects chaos and desperation-directs attention on objective-shows skill and resourcefulness-narrative clarity and character intentionsestablishedSOUND -Exaggerated SFX-Eerie music-SFX of rocks-Ecstatic music-Absence of sound-Drums in score-incidental music –strings-Lara’s gunfire-when exploring temple-temple collapse-collecting orb-before attack (throat slit)-kick in when villains arrive-when Lara is shot by spear gun-Shows her gun’s power-creates tension-emphasises danger-shows importance and magic of macguffin-increases tension-denotes their status as villains, raises trepidation-shows her perilMISE-EN-SCENE-spectacular setting-low key lighting-costume colours-make up and hair do;-weaponry as key props-sexual attractiveness-foreign villains-light from orb-the ancient temple-fire as light source dark location-villains wear black Lara lightcolours-held back for practicality-Lara’s and villains guns-tight fitting costume, famous star-clearly asian origin-when is found it glows-fantasy/exotic location links to magic-drama, sense of danger-clear indication of good vs evil (binary-opposition)-capability and resourcefulness-conflict through violence for action and thill-charismatic protagonist, increase empathy-threat from ‘outside’/unknown (xenophobia)-shows magical powers and worthEDITING -slow motion-slow pace-increase in editing pace-cross-cutting-pillars collapse-during the exploration of the cave-as the antagonists arrived;-finding the orb & antagonists’ arrival-sense of spectacle-focus of spectacle of exotic location-release of suspense focus on action-builds tension from upcoming conflictPOSSIBLE OBSERVATIONS
ANSWER THE QUESTION AND SUBMIT TOTEACHER.2 Explain how each of the following is used to createeffects that fit the action adventure genre:• soundtrack• camerawork• editing• mise-en-scène.Use examples from the extract. UNDERLINE EVERY TECHNICALWORD (FROM THE STARTER)THAT YOU HAVE USED IN YOUR