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The end of the war


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The end of the war

  1. 1. The end is just the beginning…
  2. 2. THE GREAT WAR ENDS       Italy takes a better offer. U-Boats/Mexico and the USA 100 day offensive Kaiser Wilhelm runs 11-11-11 (5 years after the assassination) No “real” defeat
  3. 3. TREATY OF VERSAILLES      United States British Empire France Italy Japan    Canada has its own seat at the conference. Why is this important? What would each country want to accomplish at these talks? Who is missing?
  4. 4. PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON  His 14 points included:        Public Diplomacy Free navigation of seas No economic barriers Disarmament Self-Government Restoring borders A general association of nations to guarantee independence for all countries "One cool judgement is worth a thousand hasty counsels. The thing to do is to supply light and not heat." “I would rather lose in a cause that will some day win, than win in a cause that will some day lose.”
  5. 5. WAR GUILT CLAUSE   Germany accepts responsibility for “all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.” (Similar wording was used for Germany’s allies)
  6. 6. REPARATIONS Germany would pay LOSS 132 gold marks ($400 billion in today’s OF LAND dollars)  Would pay through cash, resources and intellectual property.  Germany made a final payment in 2010 (after the debt was canceled in 1931) 
  7. 7. MILITARY RESTRICTIONS      No more than 100K troops Navy limits No importing or exporting weapons No gas, tanks, armed aircraft and restrictions on guns Demilitarized zone west and east of the Rhine OCCUPATION OF THE RHINELAND
  8. 8. COUNTRIES WHO GAINED TERRITORY               Yugoslavia (creation) Romania Austria Greece France Italy Denmark Belgium Czechoslovakia (creation) Poland (creation) Estonia Latvia Ireland (creation) Japan
  9. 9. IN THE MIDDLE EAST lot of the problems we "AEuropean powersare having to deal with now, I have promised selfto deal with now, are a government colonial consequence of our to the past. ... Thein exchange for Arabs Balfour Declaration and the contradictory assurances help fighting the which were being given to Ottomans Palestinians in private at the same time as they were being  Instead a secret given to the Israelis—again, an agreement was made interesting history for us but not an(Sykes-Picot) entirely honourable one.“ -British Foreign Secretary in 2002
  10. 10. IMPORTANT FOUNDING MEMBERS   UK, Belgium, France, Italy, Japan Canada THE MANDATES AND RESPONSIBILITIES     Who is missing? Does this matter?  Help groups create independent nations Ensure fair treatment in colonies Resolve territorial disputes (how?) Reducing Armaments
  11. 11. NATIONAL IDENTITY AND NATIONAL INTEREST  Canada    Canadians first, British subjects second Important battles Symbolic presence at the Peace Conference  Germany   How do you think they would’ve felt after the war? Give Examples
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