Why the European Union?• Peace• Safety and Security• Economic Solidarity• Promotion of Social Ideas
What does the EU do?• Creates free movement – Goods and Services (Free Trade) – Education – Employment
Who is a part of the EU• 27 European Nations create the EU with a total population of over 450 million• The six founding nations were:Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands
When was the EU formed?• Negotiation and treaties have been signed since 1951 and countries continue to apply for membership today
Read Pg.258 andrespond to the following:Laws are supposedto reflect the beliefsand values of asociety. What doyou think wouldhappen if politiciansproposed a NorthAmericanconstitution thatreflected the valuesand beliefs of all thecountries on ourcontinent?
EU Successes• Elimination of Trade Wars – Agricultural subsidies – Tariffs and Quotas• Creation of a Common Currency – Euro instituted in 2002 and used by 12 member nations
The Future of the EU• Increase in membership – Bulgaria and Romania 2007 – Turkey applied in 1987• One-World Government?
Economic and Social Councils• WHO – World Health Organization• UNEF – Emergency Forces• FAO – Food & Agriculture Organization• UNICEF – Children’s Emergency Fund
The WHO Mission• Objective: – Obtain the highest possible level of health for all people• Combat key infectious diseases• promote the general health of the people of the world.• See page 215
Global Health Issues• Read pg.267 and top of 268
Global Health Issues• Epidemic – A widespread disease, but limited to a specific community• Pandemic – A disease spread across an entire country or throughout many countries in the world
The Threat of a Flu Pandemic• Many scientists fear the onset of a virus so powerful that it could kill up to 40% of the world’s population• What makes “bird flu” and “swine flu” so deadly? – Human bodies do not have the natural immunity against these viruses
How does a flu outbreak become a pandemic?• Before globalization – Viruses spread by migrating birds – Then from person to person – ____ risk of pandemic• After globalization – Infected persons travel between countries – the disease spreads from person to person – ____ risk of pandemic
Pandemics in the past• 1917-1918 The Spanish Flu – 20 to 50 million people killed worldwide – More than 50,000 Canadians died – 60,000 died in WWI
Pandemics in the past• 1956-67 The Asian Flu – 2 million die worldwide• 1968-69 The Hong Kong Flu – 1 million people died• 1976 The “prevented” pandemic – First attempt at massive vaccinations• 1997-1998 New Bird Flu – 1.4 million chickens slaughtered because of bird to human viral spread
Defences against Viral Pandemics• Regular hand-washing/sanitizing• Cover up coughs and sneezes• Stay at home when sick• Immunization – Takes at least 6 months to develop – Partially effective• Tamiflu – antiviral drug – Effective if taken within two days – Limited supply
Global Health Issues• Watch CBC News in Review Jan ’06• Key questions after viewing: – Is an international organization such as the WHO needed to control 21st century pandemics? Or should countries be left to take action on their own?