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Fisheries & Oceanography & Marine Affairs: An overview


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Fisheries & Oceanography & Marine Affairs: An overview

  1. 1. Fisheries * & Oceanography* & Marine Affairs: An overview ~Louise M. RichardsFebruary 5, 2010<br />*Note: they are quite different, despite both being wet!<br />
  2. 2. Comparing the programs (FY2007 data)<br />
  3. 3. Facilities owned or leased by COFS<br /><br />New Research Awards in FY2007: $89,468,286<br />More about COFS<br />
  4. 4. The Thompson and the Barnes<br />(UNOLS: University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System at<br />Alaska Salmon Program at . Three field stations in Southwestern Alaska.<br />Big Beef Creek at . 40 acres of tideland in Seabeck, WA, on Hood Canal<br />Friday Harbor Labs<br />Field Programs in COFS<br />
  5. 5. And the hatchery<br />
  6. 6. here:<br />to here:<br />Some programs have already made the move, including the <br />School of Marine Affairs (<br />CQS ( <br />JISAO (<br />Washington Sea Grant Program (<br />COFS is moving from <br />
  7. 7. Environmental Degradation in the Tropics <br />Marine Resource Management<br />National Marine Policy Processes<br />Marine Policy Analysis<br />US Ocean and Coastal Law<br />Research in Regional governance<br />School of Marine Affairs Courses<br />
  8. 8. Water and Society<br />Microbial Ecology and Evolution<br />Biology of Fishes<br />Aquatic Physiology<br />Climate Change and Marine Ecology<br />Marine Biology (with Ocean and Biology)<br />Forest and Fisheries Interactions<br />Fish Diseases<br />Marine Mammalogy<br />Conservation Genetics<br />SAFS Courses<br />
  9. 9. Introduction to Oceanography<br />Ocean Circulation and Climate<br />Design of Oceanographic Field Experiments <br />Advanced Field Oceanography (capstone classes)<br />Special Topics in Biological Oceanography<br />Geophysical Fluid Dynamics<br />Continental Margin Sedimentation<br />Zooplankton Ecology<br />Benthic Biological Processes<br />Oceanography classes<br />
  10. 10. Biological Oceanography<br />Chemical Oceanography <br />Marine Geology and Geophysics<br />Physical Oceanography<br />Four Areas of Study in Oceanography<br />
  11. 11. “More than 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by oceans, and more than 99% of the Earth’s biosphere volume is contained in seawater. In the ocean, the pelagic realm is the largest habitat, and here, plankton account for the greatest number of organisms and also for the majority of biomass.”<br />“Globally, the number of plankton organisms is estimated to be more than several-fold 1028 …<br />“Even with so much yet unknown, it seems important that all these elements of the pelagic component need to be considered if comprehensive solutions are sought to maintain biodiversity, to sustain the harvest of fishery resources, and to mitigate climate change. Earth’s real biodiversity, it has been said (Nee 2004), is invisible to the naked eye, whether we like it or not.”<br />Marine Macroecology, edited by Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy. Plankton populations and communities, Chapter 2. William K. W. Li, pp. 29-30.<br />Biological Oceanography<br />
  12. 12. Very interdisciplinary fields. Statistics, physics, chemistry, geology, zoology, biology, law and more!<br />Marine Biology or Biological Oceanography?<br />Collection from Fish-Ocean Library: ~70,000 volumes. <br />Miscellaneous observations<br />
  13. 13. Marine ZonesCredit: Robert D. Vaillancourt   Doherty Associate Research Scientist Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University<br />
  14. 14. Environmental factors in the marine environment include: -temperature -salinity -pressure -nutrients -dissolved gases -currents -light -suspended sediments -substrate (bottom material) -river inflow -tides and waves<br />Credit: Robert D. Vaillancourt   Doherty Associate Research Scientist Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University<br />What controls the marine environment?<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>Temp ranges in ocean between -2 to ca. 40 C.
  16. 16. More than 90% of ocean is <5 C.
  17. 17. Temperature can control distribution, degree of activity, and reproduction of an organism.
  18. 18. Temperature controls the rate of chemical reactions within organisms, thus their rate of growth and activity.
  19. 19. Most organisms in the ocean are ‘cold-blooded’ or ectothermic.
  20. 20. 10oC rise in temperature, doubles the activity</li></ul>Credit: Robert D. Vaillancourt   Doherty Associate Research Scientist Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University<br />A few facts about the ocean<br />
  21. 21. Difficulty in sampling organisms<br />Reaching and studying the deep sea<br />Ocean Observatories Initiative: <br /><br />Oceanography from space<br />The ocean as a carbon sink: “The world’s oceans contain approximately 50 times the amount of carbon stored in the atmosphere and nearly 10 times the amount stored in plants and soils.”<br />Ocean acidification: ”…studies indicate that as more CO2 enters the ocean from the atmosphere, the surface waters are becoming more acidic.”<br />Issues/developments in Oceanography<br />
  22. 22. Ecosystem approach<br />Fishery time-series<br />Characterization of habitats<br />Environmental features and effect on marine resources<br />Research Trends in Fisheries<br />
  23. 23. Sustainability in fisheries and aquaculture<br />Introduced species<br />Climate change<br />Habitat destruction<br />Restoring biodiversity<br />Salmon and dams in the Pacific Northwest<br />Hypoxia<br />Stock depletion<br />Fisheries Controversies and Issues<br />
  24. 24. UW Researchers Publish in these Journals<br />
  25. 25. Society journals less expensive<br />Federal and state governments documents are born digital; Web searching to find them<br />Conference proceedings are born digital<br />Journal prices increases continue<br />For a discussion, see <br />Fisheries, 34(12) December 2009<br />Maintaining the Competitiveness of the American Fisheries Society Journals: An Assessment Based on Influence and Cost-Effectiveness. The Publications Overview Committee reviews the AFS journals with respect to their influence and value, and provides recommendations for improving them. David A. Hewitt, Jason S. Link, David H. Wahl, Steven J. Cooke, and Martha E Mather<br />Publishing Trends<br />
  26. 26. American Fisheries Society<br />American Geophysical Union (Journal of Geophysical Research, Section C. Oceans)<br />American Society of Limnology and Oceanography<br />Blackwell<br />Elsevier<br />Fisheries and Oceans Canada<br />Island Press<br />NOAA<br />University Presses<br />Key Publishers<br />
  27. 27. The Sea | The Sea, ideas and observations on progress in the study of the seas (full series title)<br />OCSEAP | Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program <br />AFS | American Fisheries Society<br />PSAMP | Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program<br />FRI-UW | University of Washington Fisheries Research Institute.<br />MIT-WHOI | Joint MIT-Woods Hole program in Oceanography, Technical Report Series. See<br />GEBCO | General bathymetric chart of the oceans <br />WDFW | Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife<br />US Fish Commission (Try United States Fish Commission as author)<br />Acronyms, etc.<br />
  28. 28. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Worldwide statistics. Many publications. Aquaculture and fisheries. UW has many print publications.<br />Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO: . See especially UN Atlas of the Oceans:<br />IUCN, International Union for the Conservation of Nature:<br />See IUCN Red List: . Blue Whale at and Staghorn Coral at<br />Search Assessment, then select for example Critically Endangered. 3,325 species are critically endangered. <br />CITES, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora:<br />European Union. See<br />International Organizations<br />
  29. 29. United States, NOAA:<br />Indispensable! <br />NOAA Fisheries Glossary, 2006 at<br />Fisheries and Oceans Canada,<br />Mexico Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food,<br />Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry,<br />Japan Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries,<br />See this FDA list for more:<br />National <br />
  30. 30. PICES, North Pacific Marine Science Organization:<br />Marine Ecosystems of the North Pacific:<br />ICES, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.<br />Helsinki Commission, Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission<br /> See Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings<br />Regional Organizations<br />
  31. 31. International Halibut Commission, (Canada and the United States)<br />Pacific Salmon Commission,<br />United States and Canada<br />
  32. 32.<br />Stakeholders develop management plans for regional fisheries<br />North Pacific Fishery Management Council covers Alaska<br />Pacific Fishery Management Council covers Washington, Oregon and California. Based inPortland. <br /><br />Online publications like Pacific Council News have statistics and limits information.<br />US Regional Fishery Councils<br />
  33. 33. Washington State Department of Fisheries and Wildlife,<br />Washington State Department of Ecology<br />British Columbia, Ocean and Marine Fisheries Branch,<br />Statistics on landings (Landings:<br />1. The number or poundage of fish unloaded by<br />commercial fishermen or brought to shore by<br />recreational fishermen for personal use, and other reports). <br />Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife,<br />Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission,<br />Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission, (California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Alaska)<br />Pacific Northwest Organizations<br />
  34. 34. MBL/WHOI:<br />Scripps Institution of Oceanography:<br />NOAA Central Library:<br />Great Marine Libraries<br />
  35. 35. Avano:<br />203,660 electronic resources about the marine and aquatic sciences<br />Search for eelgrass: Yields 131, including<br />And “university of washington”, 939 results including the senior theses of the Ocean 444 class.<br />Scripps Repository:<br />Fish Bulletin, California Fish and Game:<br />Repositories<br />
  36. 36. FishBase:<br />Catalog of Fishes (California Academy of Sciences): *<br />Northeast Pacific Ichthyoplankton Information System (NOAA):<br />*William Eschmeyer, author. 1998 print edition in three volumes available at  <br />Suzzallo/Allen Stacks  QL618 .C38  <br />Fish Questions?<br />
  37. 37. Finding Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus) Information<br />Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchustshawytscha) a.k.a. king salmon<br />chum salmon (Oncorhynchusketa) a.k.a. dog salmon<br />coho salmon (Oncorhynchuskisutch) a.k.a. silver salmon,<br />pink salmon (Oncorhynchusgorbuscha) a.k.a. humpback salmon<br />sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchusnerka) a.k.a. red salmon. <br />Coastal Cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus<br />clarkiclarki<br />The steelhead trout (Oncorhynchusmykiss*) is a rainbow trout that has spent a part of its life in the sea.<br />
  38. 38. Search UW-only catalog for (puget sound) and (marine or fish or fisheries or aquatic) in Keywords. 1,079 results.<br />BIOSIS: 757 citations<br />Zoological Record: 585 citations <br />NTIS: 583 citations<br />ASFA: 2572 citations; 842 peer-reviewed journals<br />WoS, SCI only: 528 peer-reviewed journals<br />CAB Abstracts: 154 citations<br />GeoRef: 266 citations<br />GEOBASE: 347 citations<br />WorldCatLocal search all: 111 records<br />Puget Sound<br />
  39. 39. Books:<br />Atlas of physical and chemical properties of Puget Sound and its approaches, by Eugene E. Collias, Noel McGary, and Clifford A. Barnes Pub Info Seattle, Distributed by the University of Washington Press [1974]<br />Downing, John, 1946- The coast of Puget Sound : its processes and development / John Downing Pub Info Seattle : Washington Sea Grant : Distributed by the University of Washington Press, 1983<br />Burns, Robert, 1925- The shape & form of Puget Sound / Robert Burns Pub Info Seattle : Washington Sea Grant : Distributed by University of Washington Press, 1985<br />Puget Sound Partnership,<br /><br />People for Puget Sound,<br />Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Restoration Partnership,<br />Puget Sound, continued<br />
  40. 40. Schlee, Susan The edge of an unfamiliar world; a history of oceanography Pub Info New York, Dutton, 1973<br />International Congress on the History of Oceanography (3rd : 1980) Woods Hole, Mass.) Title Oceanography, the past / edited by Mary Sears and D. Merriman Pub Info New York : Springer-Verlag, c1980<br />50 years of ocean discovery : National Science Foundation, 1950-2000 / Ocean Studies Board, National Research Council Pub Info Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press, c2000<br />International Congress on the History of Oceanography (5th : 1993 : La Jolla, San Diego, Calif) Title Oceanographic history : the Pacific and beyond / edited by Keith R. Benson and Philip F. Rehbock Pub Info Seattle : University of Washington Press, 2002<br />Ocean sciences bridging the millennia : a spectrum of historical accounts / editorial panel, Selim Morcos ... [et al.] Pub Info Paris, France : UNESCO, 2004<br />Baird&apos;s legacy : the history and accomplishments of NOAA&apos;s National Marine Fisheries Service, 1871-1996 / W.L. Hobart, editor<br />History of Oceanography<br />
  41. 41. Proquest owns<br />Produced in a unique partnership of organizations (input centers) worldwide, and coordinated by the FAO<br /><br /> <br />Proquest Deep Indexing<br />Over 1,415,515 records as of January 2010<br />Peer-reviewed literature plus all theses: bibliography book monograph computer computer file conference dictionary dissertation drawing film journal article law or statute map numerical data patent report review sound recording standard summary training manual<br />ASFA<br />
  42. 42. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts<br />ASFA 1971 – and 1.4 million + records. ASFA is a component of the Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS), formed by four United Nations agency sponsors of ASFA and a network of international and national partners.<br />
  43. 43. DN: Database Name ProQuest Deep Indexing: Aquatic Sciences <br />TI: Title Ischemia Opens Neuronal Gap Junction Hemichannels <br />AU: Author Thompson, Roger J; Zhou, Ning; MacVicar, Brian A <br />AF: Affiliation Department of Psychiatry and Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2B5, Canada., [] <br />SO: Source Science (Washington) [Science (Wash.)]. Vol. 312, no. 5775, pp. 924-927. 12 May 2006. <br />SF: Subfile CSA Neurosciences Abstracts <br />SL: Summary Language English <br />UD: Update 200612 <br />AN: Accession Number 6818019 <br />Why are some Proqest Deep Indexing records coded Aquatic Sciences?<br />
  44. 44. National: Fisheries of the United States ( <br />Regional: SEAFDEC ( <br />International: FAO ( <br />Species: <br />ICCAT International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas ( <br />International Pacific Halibut Commission ( <br />Fisheries Statistics<br />
  45. 45. International Diatom Symposium:<br />11th in the Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences<br />13th as a separate monograph by Biopress<br />15th as a separate monograph by Gantner Verlag<br />The proceedings of the conference were subsequently published in a special issue of Bioacoustics. (Hawkins, A., Popper, A. N., and Wahlberg, M. (eds.) (2008). International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. Bioacoustics, 17:1-350.)<br />Seventh International Conference on Artificial Reefs and<br /> Related Aquatic Habitats in ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: S1–S2. 2002<br />Chemistry and ecology of highly acidic environments<br />Author: Brian A Whitton; P Albertano; Kenichi Satake Publisher: Dordrecht ; Boston, MA : Kluwer Academic Publishers, ©2000. Series: Hydrobiologia, v. 433, nos. 1-3 Edition/Format: Book : English<br />Cladocera : proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Cladocera, [11-18 September 1999, in Plön, Germany]<br />Author: Maarten Boersma Publisher: Dordrecht [u.a.] : Kluwer Academic Publ., 2000. Series: Hydrobiologia; Special issue<br />Proceedings<br />
  46. 46. Nautical charts in the Map Library <br />On the Web at<br />LCSH: Oceanography -- Charts, diagrams, etc.<br />Charts and Maps<br />
  47. 47. Selected references to literature on marine expeditions, 1700-1960. [An index in the] Fisheries-Oceanography Library, University of Washington Pub Info Boston, G. K. Hall, 1972<br />A union list of oceanographic expeditions, including results of some major cruise reports / compiled by Rita Estok and Rosemary E. Boykin Pub Info College Station : Texas A&M University Libraries, 1976. In Suzzallo Reference Stacks<br />Scientific reports of Soviet whaling expeditions in the North Pacific, 1955-1978 / translated by Y.V. Ivashchenko; edited by Y.V. Ivashchenko, P.J. Clapham, and R.L. Brownell Jr. See<br />Oceanographic Cruises or Expeditions<br />
  48. 48. Communities at<br />See Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, School of. <br />FRI-UW Series (500+)<br />See Undergraduate Student Papers, Oceanography, School of, Ocean 444-Senior Theses (63)<br />On to Patagonia! See<br />One of Ocean 444’s course goals is: 4) To create a final report, separate from the initial project proposal, that is written wholly by the student. The final report is an opportunity for the student to explain how their research fits within the work of the larger oceanographic community. The final report will undergo both student and faculty review and will be made publicly available through the UW’s Digital Library (D-Space). <br />ResearchWorks<br />
  49. 49.<br />Baird&apos;s legacy : the history and accomplishments of NOAA&apos;s National Marine Fisheries Service, 1871-1996 / W.L. Hobart, editor<br />DART, Europe E-theses Portal at<br />CASSI, the CAS Source Index:<br />Resources<br />
  50. 50. The blue planet [videorecording] : seas of life / a BBC/Discovery Channel co-production ; series producer, Alastair Fothergill Pub Info [United States] : BBC Video : Warner Home Video [distributor], c2002 <br />LOCATION CALL # STATUS  <br />Media Browsing - Odegaard  DVD WHV081   pt.2    DUE 02-07-10  <br />Media Browsing - Odegaard  DVD WHV 081  pt.4    DUE 02-07-10 <br />Media Browsing - Odegaard  DVD WHV 081  pt.1   DUE 02-07-10  <br />Media Browsing - Odegaard  DVD WHV 081  pt.3    DUE 02-07-10  <br />Media Browsing - Odegaard  DVD WHV 081  pt.4    DUE 02-07-10  <br />Media Browsing - Odegaard  DVD WHV 081  pt.3    AVAILABLE <br />Other Resources<br />