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Power point adam

  1. 1. Autism <ul><li>A common disorder, with limited answers. </li></ul>(Image from: http://www.daytheysoldthemoon.com/autism )
  2. 2. WHat is autism? <ul><li>Simply stated, autism is a developmental disorder that appears in the first three years of life and affects development of social and communication skills. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three disorders recognized in the autism spectrum: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asperger’s syndrome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics <ul><li>Symptoms gradually begin at around six months and become established by the time a child is two or three years old </li></ul><ul><li>The symptoms occur traditionally in three areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetitive Behavior </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Social Development <ul><li>Child will show less attention to local stimuli </li></ul><ul><li>Smile less, make eye contact less, respond less to his or her own name </li></ul><ul><li>Have spontaneous behavior both emotionally and physically </li></ul><ul><li>May be more animated than most and prone to expressing themselves physically rather than verbally </li></ul>(Image from: http://drugster.info/img/ail/547_550_1.jpg )
  5. 5. Communication <ul><li>Approximately a third to half of individuals with autism do not develop enough natural speech to meet their daily communication needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Differences in communication may include diminished use of consonants, words, and word combinations </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures are less often integrated with words </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to point at objects when commenting on said object </li></ul>
  6. 6. Repetitive behavior Stereotype Repetitive movement, such as hand flapping, making sounds, head rolling, and body rocking Compulsive Behavior Arranging objects in stacks or lines Ritualistic Behavior Unvarying pattern of daily activities, such as unchanging menu or clothing Self Injury Includes movements that can injure the person, such as eye poking, shin picking, hand biting, and head banging (Images from: http://www.squidoo.com/mild-symptoms-of-autism )
  7. 8. teaching strategies <ul><li>Consider the environment: autistic children should be placed away from excessive auditory distractions </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a consistent schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Actively teach social skills: many autistic children will not learn simply by being placed in a social environment, they may need coaching to understand their emotions and the emotions of others. </li></ul>
  8. 9. picture exchange communication system <ul><li>Also known as PECS </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by Dr. Andrew Bondy </li></ul><ul><li>Uses pictures to help children with autism communicate there wants and needs </li></ul><ul><li>Many preschoolers who use PECS also begin developing speech </li></ul>
  9. 10. pecs traits and review <ul><li>Students learn how to communicate by exchanging a picture with a partner for an idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn how to recover their picture cars from a remote location and bring them to whoever they are trying to communicate with. </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn to discriminate, i.e., choose a picture of a glass of milk over a picture glass of juice. </li></ul><ul><li>Communications are slowly improved by adding cards. For example, three cards may be uses to say I want milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Card one = “I” </li></ul><ul><li>Card two = “want” </li></ul><ul><li>Card three = “Milk” Either the noun or a picture. </li></ul><ul><li>The current consensus view of PECS is that it is well supported by academic research and is now used by many educators and families of special needs individuals. </li></ul>
  10. 11. psec example card Image from: ( http://featsonevada.squarespace.com/journal/2010/9/23/what-is-pecs.html )
  11. 12. Autism everyday <ul><li>The cause of autism is not quite know yet. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 1 in 110 children is diagnosed with autism, making it the most common disorder by far. </li></ul><ul><li>In conclusion, treatment is very intensive, involves the child's whole family and a team of professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Patience and continued education are the most effective strategies to help an autistic child develop. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Sources 1.) Autism. PEB MED HEALTH Reviewed by: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. Review Date: 4/26/2010. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002494/ 2.) Autism. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Last modified: 7/18/2011 Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autism 3.) Autism symptoms chart image. San Francisco Bay Area Autism Society Available at: http://sfautismsociety.virtualave.net/symptoms.html <ul><ul><ul><li>4.) Picture Exchange Communication System. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pyramid Educational Systems </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available at: http://www.pecsusa.com/research.php </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.) Bondy AS, Frost LA (1994). The Picture Exchange Communication System. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1-19 (1994) </li></ul></ul>