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LIFTING TECHNIQUES3 Basic Concepts:     1. Center of Gravity     2. Base of Support     3. Line of GravityTransfersA. Goal...
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Lifting techniques hand-out


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Lifting techniques hand-out

  1. 1. LIFTING TECHNIQUES3 Basic Concepts: 1. Center of Gravity 2. Base of Support 3. Line of GravityTransfersA. Goals 1. Permits the patient to function in different environments or to use different pieces of equipment. 2. Patient to become independent in ADL. 3. To go from dependent to assistive to independent transfers.B. Evaluate for assistance and question person’s knowledge about patient’s abilities. May require no assistance, minimal, moderate, and maximal of one or several people.C. MOST IMPORTANT – Px. and N safety must not be compromised, no injuries; REMEMBER BODY MECHANICS MAKE SURE ALL EQUIPMENT STABLE AND SECURED. Patient Transfers Plan & organize transfer BEFORE moving patient Instruct patient in technique/procedure Demonstrate technique/procedure Be alert to safety factors Review chart to determine amount of assist., cognitive status, strength, type of transfers already performed etc. Utilize safety belt NEVER leave pt. unattendedE. Organization ofPatient Transfers cont’d Proper shoes on patient Appropriate equipment Alert to IV lines, catheters, weight bearingstatus etc. Use proper body mechanics Position yourself to guard, protect and assist Break transfer into component parts Only assist as needed at each componentF. Types: 1. Independent Transfer 2. Assisted Transfer – some patient participation required a. Two-person Lift b. Sliding Board Transfer c. Push Up Transfer d. Squat Pivot Transfer e. Standing Pivot Transfer 3. Dependent Transfer – minimal or no assistance from patient a. Sliding Transfer b. Three person Carry c. Dependent Stand Pivot Transfer d. Hydraulic Lift TransferG. Major Reasons For Direct Patient Contact 1. Best possible biochemical posture for caregiver, maintain px. close to N BOS 2. Provide input to patient for direction of movement 3. Safety of patient and N Randy Ian J. Espinosa, PTRP, MTAP Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Center Davao Medical School foundation Hospital