IMPROVING READING COMPREHENSION
THROUGH THE USE OF HIGHER ORDER THINKING ACTIVITIES
I - Proponents:
Christopher R. Agrasada
Ada Belen G. Emas
Apple Jean B. Echavez
Palawan Technological College, Inc.
II - Background of the Study:
The area of focus for my project is improving Reading Comprehension Through the use
of Higher Order Thinking Skill Activities. Without the solid foundation of reading skill the
researcher feels the children will be struggle hard throughout their schooling and adult life. By
learning the best comprehension strategies and how to best teach these strategies to the
pupils, the researcher hopes to provide the solid foundation needed to succeed. Although the
school's NAT results has met or exceed its expectation, still the researcher has a thought of a
way to improve it. In reading class, the grade three pupils scored 84%, but the scores dropped
in the 4th grade. So the researcher concludes that the pupils score decreases because of the
pupils have very poor higher - order thinking skills to increase reading test scores and develop
meaningful reading experience to the pupils.
III - Statement of the Problem:
As the researcher of this research, I have found out that many of my pupils in grade III
are able to read fluently, but still have difficulty in answering the "how" and "why" questions. I
am hoping that by incorporating higher order thinking skills my pupils would be able to transfer
and make connections to reading. This is important in order for a child to be successful. I feel
that incorporating reading strategies and showing students how to reflect about what they
have read, would improve their reading comprehension and to become life-long learners. I am
looking forward to working on this area of concern, and sharing my findings with my costudents.
IV- Significance of the Study:
The study will be deemed important for the proper recognition of the improving
Reading Comprehension Through the use of higher - order thinking activities on the academic
Performance of the grade III pupils, Likewise, the findings of this research may prove useful to
the following, to wit;
Pupils. Having a clearer view and firsthand experience of the teacher's performance, this will
further enhance pupil's knowledge of the importance of mastering the basic skills of their
competencies so they will make an effort to do best. This may lead to better enthusiasm and
develop good study habit.
Teachers. This study may heighten their awareness in identifying the learning tasks that are
well developed as well as the least. This may further be a motivating factor to adapt measures
Parents. The result of this study will serve as bird's eye view of the parent to know the needs of
School Administrator and Supervisors. Results of this investigation may encourage
administrators and supervisors help their teachers upgrade their teaching performance in
improving reading comprehension through closer supervision and faculty development and
Department of Education Palawan Specially 2nd district. With the use of the results of the
study, any educational upliftment will benefit the municipality of Rizal as it may improve the
quality of working force of the municipality or the quality of life of their respective
Curriculum Planners. The findings of this study may assists the planners in the proper selection
of methods, techniques, and strategies that need to be reinforced.
Community. The result of this study may benefit the community in as much they know that the
teachers of their children are equipped with the necessary tools and competence in teaching
Researcher Himself. This may serve as inspiration in teaching his pupils above and beyond his
Future Researcher. The information and insights that will be gained from this study may serve
as guide for other researcher in framing their conceptual framework and design and at the
same time encourage them to conduct lateral studies within their area of preferences.
V- Scope of the Study
The general focus of the present study was on the Improving Reading Comprehension Through
the use of Higher Order Thinking Skills Activities of the grade III pupils in Sicud Elementary School, 2nd
District, and Province Of Palawan. The study covered the PHIL-IRI assessment result of the school year
2013-2014 utilizing the post -test. The aspects in improving reading comprehension that the present
study will look into the different reading strategies. Predicting, making connections, visualizing,
Inferring, questioning, and summarizing are shown on this research to improve reading comprehension.
VI - Research Design
This study employs the pre-Experimental one shot case study. According to De Jesus,
the pre experimental one shot case study is a design in which a single group is only studied
once, subsequent to a treatment is the instruction of reading strategies . It is important to teach
the strategies by naming the strategy and how it should be used, modeling trough think aloud
process, group practice, partner practice and independent use of the strategy.
The second tool used was the Phil-IRI test administered to the pupils in the grade III
pupils in the first week of July, 2013. This tool used to determine student growth in reading
The teacher observation checklist was used by the researcher to gather data
throughout the intervention. This tool provides information of changes on how well his pupils
understand and use reading comprehension strategies over time.
B. Sampling Design
Purposive sampling was employed in selecting pupils - respondent of the study. The
pupils who were selected were enrolled in the third grade class for the school year 2013-2014.
C. Description of Instrument Data and Gathering Form.
The Meta-comprehension Strategy Index had a total of 25 questions divided into three parts that
asked about the strategies pupils used to help them better understand the story. Part I of MSI is consist
of statement about the strategies used prior to reading a story, Part II of the MSI consist of statement
about the strategies used while reading a story, and the part III of the MSI consist of statement about
the strategies used after reading the story.
VI - Work Plan
Pre - Implementation
Post - Implementation
* Computer's Ink
Php. 1, 606.00
* Bond paper
Public Schools District Supervisor
Asst. Schools Division Superintendent