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10th LEVEL
ADRIANO GAIA
 Sometimes

you want to distance
yourself from facts and opinions.
1. Because you don't want to state
a fact too polite.
...
 Criminals

are non-regretted

people.
 The police come to a conclusion
all the crimes if they work hard.
 People shoul...
 There

are people who face the
criminal because they don’t want
to give their belongings.

 The

criminals don’t regret...
 Crimes

seem to be something
very banal nowadays. People
commit them for minimal
reasons.
 Sometimes the law in Brazil
...
 Concept:

Make others
understand that the idea
is NOT yours.

 Example:

It is believed that the car was
robbed from th...
 There
 There
 There

 There
 There

is
is
is
is
is

little doubt that...
some doubt that...
no doubt that...
evidenc...
 Criminals

are non-regretted
people. (seem)

It seems that criminals are nonregretted people.
Criminals seem to be nonre...


The police come to a conclusion all
the crimes if they work hard. (appear)
It appears that the police come to a
conclus...
 People

should not react to a crime
or the mugger can attack you due
to his nerviness. (believe)

It is believed that pe...
 Serial

killers have their mental
problems originated on their
childhood. (evidence)

There is evidence that serial
kill...
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Hedging

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Do you want to distance from an opinion or a fact? Study these structures!

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Hedging

  1. 1. 10th LEVEL ADRIANO GAIA
  2. 2.  Sometimes you want to distance yourself from facts and opinions. 1. Because you don't want to state a fact too polite. 2. Because you know you can't prove it. 3. Your message is not intended to be interpreted as The Truth.
  3. 3.  Criminals are non-regretted people.  The police come to a conclusion all the crimes if they work hard.  People should not react to a crime or the mugger can attack you due to his nerviness.  Serial killers have their mental problems originated on their childhood.
  4. 4.  There are people who face the criminal because they don’t want to give their belongings.  The criminals don’t regret for their attitudes, even when they are going to jail.
  5. 5.  Crimes seem to be something very banal nowadays. People commit them for minimal reasons.  Sometimes the law in Brazil appears to benefit the criminals than punish them.
  6. 6.  Concept: Make others understand that the idea is NOT yours.  Example: It is believed that the car was robbed from the victim’s house.
  7. 7.  There  There  There  There  There is is is is is little doubt that... some doubt that... no doubt that... evidence of... evidence that...
  8. 8.  Criminals are non-regretted people. (seem) It seems that criminals are nonregretted people. Criminals seem to be nonregretted people.
  9. 9.  The police come to a conclusion all the crimes if they work hard. (appear) It appears that the police come to a conclusion all the crimes if they work hard. The police appear to come to a conclusion all the crimes if they work hard.
  10. 10.  People should not react to a crime or the mugger can attack you due to his nerviness. (believe) It is believed that people should not react to a crime or the mugger can attack you due to his nerviness.
  11. 11.  Serial killers have their mental problems originated on their childhood. (evidence) There is evidence that serial killers have their mental problems originated on their childhood.

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