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Sgp Obesity, Health and Nutrition


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Sgp Obesity, Health and Nutrition

  1. 1. Alie Curran English Pd. 10 Obesity, Health and Nutrition
  2. 2. Overview of Presentation <ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Audience Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children and Adults </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exercising </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Eat Habits/ Dieting </li></ul><ul><li>Class Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personal Relevance <ul><li>I don’t want to become another part of the statistic. There are so many different ways and tactics to beat obesity and live a long healthy life. </li></ul><ul><li>I wanted to learn ways to make eating right and exercising on a regular basis fun and not a chore that that one has to complete. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Audience Relevance <ul><li>We are the fattest country and basic nutrition habits start out at a young age. People don’t want to become another statistic. </li></ul><ul><li>People need to learn now the issues that they could face, how important exercise it and that it is beneficial to maintain a healthy diet and weight. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Thesis <ul><li>Obesity is a growing epidemic that continues to affect our country in many ways. Obesity is 100% preventable and people need to learn how to maintain a healthy life style. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Forms of Obesity
  7. 8. Body Mass Index Chart
  8. 9. Obesity in Location <ul><li>Good ole’ southern food </li></ul>
  9. 10. Obesity and Race Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White
  10. 11. There’s more to it than just being “fat” <ul><li>Causes of obesity: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dopamine- a brain chemical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family history </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thyroid glad complications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mothers who were obese while pregnant. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“People who are depressed may be more likely to become obese because of physiological changes in their hormone and immune systems that occur in depression.” (Markowitz, Science Daily) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Health Risks
  12. 13. Obesity Rates of Adults
  13. 14. Adult Obesity <ul><li>&quot;Over the last 20 years, we have seen a radical increase in obesity,” (Austin 3) </li></ul>
  14. 15. Childhood Obesity <ul><li>“ Three times as many kids are overweight today as there were about 25 years ago.” (Anderson 1) </li></ul>
  15. 16. Causes of Childhood Obesity <ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The most food I could get for the cheapest amount of money is what I would eat.” (Jahcobie 2) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Boredom </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Eating seems to ameliorate some of the symptoms of stress, so you won't feel as anxious.” (Pecoraro 1) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emotional problems </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul>Psychological Factors
  17. 18. A Fast Food Nation
  18. 19. Are School Lunches to Blame?
  19. 20. Beating Childhood Obesity
  20. 21. Treatment(s) <ul><li>Other solutions rather than surgery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dietary changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More physical activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prescribed weight-loss medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sibutramine (Meridia) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Orlistat (Xenical) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. Getting the Right Exercise <ul><li>Find what’s right for you </li></ul><ul><li>Know limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never work past doctors limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work all areas of the body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work out regularly </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Forms of Exercising
  23. 25. Importance of Exercising
  24. 26. Nutrition
  25. 27. Food Pyramid
  26. 28. 6 Classes of Nutrients <ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Lipids </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul>
  27. 29. Carbohydrates
  28. 30. Fats
  29. 31. Proteins
  30. 32. Water
  31. 33. Vitamins
  32. 34. Minerals
  33. 35. Eating Right
  34. 36. Nutrition Basics <ul><li>Knowing what in your food can help you make right decisions on what to eat. </li></ul><ul><li>All calories consumed come from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proteins (Tannenhaus 40) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supplies energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates (Smolin 20-33) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supplies energy to brain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fats (Tannenhaus 42-43) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Store energy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 37. Eating Disorders <ul><li>Anorexia </li></ul><ul><li>Bulimia </li></ul><ul><li>Obsession over food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one third of the high school girls surveyed thought they were overweight. (Zounbaris 143) </li></ul></ul>
  36. 38. Anorexia <ul><li>Signs and Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to maintain healthy weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intense fear of gaining weight/becoming fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distorted body image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three consecutive missed menstrual periods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1,000 women die each year (American Anorexia/Bulimia Association) </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to bulimia </li></ul>Bijlefeld 144
  37. 39. Bulimia <ul><li>Signs and Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Binge eating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of control of eating after binge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular use of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-induced vomiting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laxatives or diuretics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strict dieting or fasting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vigorous exercising </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over concern of body weight and shape </li></ul></ul>Bijlefeld 144-145
  38. 40. Dieting <ul><li>Changing behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eating right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing physical activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staying motivated- positive results </li></ul></ul>
  39. 41. Diets-Losing weight the healthy way! <ul><li>Eat Less and slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Cut fats </li></ul><ul><li>Less meat, more fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Cut sugars </li></ul><ul><li>Go fresh </li></ul><ul><li>Eating on smaller plates </li></ul><ul><li>Get active </li></ul>Bijlefeld and Zoumbaris 77-79
  40. 42. The Right Mind Set
  41. 43. Diets: Do they really work?
  42. 44. Class Activity <ul><li>Plan a meal guide for a day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must follow the recommended servings from food pyramid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember to spread out the categories of food throughout the whole day </li></ul><ul><li>This is supposed to be fun a challenging!!! </li></ul>
  43. 45. Application
  44. 46. Conclusion <ul><li>I was very naïve at the fact that we were the fattest country. I was not aware at how bad we actually were overweigh. But after reading articles and books on proper nutrition I know now what I have to do to not become a part of the statistic. I don’t want to be someone who becomes obese later in life and now I know the proper steps that I need to take to ensure that I never will. </li></ul>
  45. 47. Work Cited <ul><li>Anderson, Patricia M., 1963- and Butcher, Kristin F. (Kristin Frances). &quot;Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes.&quot; The Future of Children 16.1 (2006): 19-45. Project MUSE. Upper Merion Area High School Library , King of Prussia, Pa. 17 May. 2010 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Aase, Sara. &quot;The problem with obesity: are our lifestyles setting us up for shorterlives?(YOUR BODY).&quot; Current Health 2, a Weekly Reader publication. 33. 3 (Nov 2006): 8(5). Student Resource Center - Health Module. Gale. Upper Merion Area High School. 12 Nov. 2009 < </li></ul><ul><li>Bijlefeld, Marjon, and Sharon K Zoumbaris. Food and You: A Guide to Healthy Habits for Teens . Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. , 2001. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Franz, Marion J. “The answer to weight loss is easy---doing it is hard!” Clinical Diabetes 2001: 105. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Genes Associated With Increased Body Mass. ScienceDaily . Retrieved May 15, 2010, from­ /releases/2008/12/081214190959.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Glenn, Jim. Exercise and Fitness . Ed. Jay Hyams and Susan Cass. Springhouse: Springhouse Corporations, n.d. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Is Fructose Making Americans Fat?&quot; Today’s Science On File : n. pag. Today’s Science . Facts On File News Services, 30 June 2004. Web. 20 April 2010. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Libal, Autumn. The Importance of Physical Activity and Exercise: The Fitness Factor . Philadelphia: Mason Creek Publishers Inc., 2006. Print. </li></ul>
  46. 48. Work Cited <ul><li>McKinley, Jesse. &quot;Citing Obesity of Children, Country Bans Fast-Food.&quot; The New York Times 28 Apr. 2010: 2. Rpt. in World Health . N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. NewsBank NewsFile Collection . Web. 29 Apr. 2010. . </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition, Exercise Standards Revised (Special Report).” Facts For Learning . Weekly Reader Publishing Group, Sept. 2002. Web. 9 Nov. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Obesity on the rise in U.S..&quot; Copyright 2008 by United Press International. Science Online . Facts On File, Inc. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Obesity.&quot; World of Health. Online ed. Detroit: Gale Group, 2007. Student Resource Center -Gold. Gale. Upper Merion Area High School. 26 Apr. 2010 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Perry, Amy. &quot;Obesity: A Growing Problem.&quot; Today’s Science On File : n. pag. Today’s Science . Facts On File News Services, 31 Aug. 2004. Web. 8 May 2010. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Smolin, Lori A, Ph. D, Mary B Grosvenor, M.S., R.D., and Richard J Deckelbaum, M.D., C.M. Basic Nutrition . New York City: Infobase Publishing, 2005. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Spake, Amanda; Mary Brophy Marcus. &quot;A Fat Nation.&quot; U.S. News & World Report . 19 Aug. 2002: 40. eLibrary . Web. 15 April. 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Study: Obesity means longer hospital stays.&quot; Copyright 2007 by United Press International. Science Online . Facts On File, Inc. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Tannenhaus, Norra. Weight Problems . Ed. Jay Hyams and Susan Cass. Springhouse: Springhouse Corporation, 1990. Print. </li></ul>
  47. 49. Work Cited <ul><li>“ Tipping the Scales; Experts seek ways to curb growing obesity spending. (NEWS)(REPORT).” Modern Healthcare . Heath Module Gale, August 3, 2009. Upper Merion Area High School Library . Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Wade, Nicholas. “Genetic Cause Found for Some Cases of Human Obesity.” The New York Times 24 June 1999: n. page. eLibrary . Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Watkins, Terry. &quot;Obesity.&quot; The Gale Encyclopedia of Science . Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. 3rd ed. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 2843-2847. Gale Virtual Reference Library . Web. 23 April 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Weighing on our minds.(Report).&quot; Harvard Health Letter. (March 1, 2009): NA. Student Resource Center - Health Module. Gale. Upper Merion Area High School. 12 Nov. 2009 <>. </li></ul><ul><li> ; May 8, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li> ; April 30, 2010 </li></ul>