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Obesity, Health and Nutrition




                                 Alie Curran
                                English Pd....
Overview of Presentation
•   Thesis
•   Personal Relevance
•   Audience Relevance
•   Obesity
    – Children and Adults
• ...
Personal Relevance
I don’t want to become another part of the
   statistic. There are so many different ways and
   tactic...
Audience Relevance
We are the fattest country and basic nutrition
 habits start out at a young age. People don’t
 want to ...
Thesis
Obesity is a growing epidemic that continues to
 affect our country in many ways. Obesity is
 100% preventable and ...
Forms of Obesity
Body Mass Index Chart




                   http://www.gov.ky
Obesity in Location
Good ole’ southern food




                          http://tennesseeguy.files.wordpress.com
Obesity and Race
Hispanic            Black Non-Hispanic




            White
There’s more to it than just
            being “fat”
• Causes of obesity:
     •Dopamine- a brain chemical
     •Family hi...
Health Risks
Obesity Rates of Adults
Adult Obesity




• "Over the last 20 years, we have seen a radical
  increase in obesity,” (Austin 3)
Childhood Obesity

“Three times as many
 kids are overweight
 today as there were
 about 25 years ago.”
 (Anderson 1)
Causes of Childhood Obesity




"The most food I could get for the cheapest amount of money is
what I would eat.” (Jahcobi...
Psychological Factors

• Boredom
• Stress
  • "Eating seems to ameliorate some of the
    symptoms of stress, so you won't...
A Fast Food Nation
Are School Lunches to Blame?
Beating Childhood Obesity
Treatment(s)
• Other solutions rather than surgery

  • Dietary changes

  • More physical activity

  • Prescribed weight...
Getting the Right Exercise
• Find what’s right for you
• Know limitations
  – Never work past doctors limitations
• Work a...
Forms of Exercising
Importance of Exercising
Nutrition
Food Pyramid
6 Classes of Nutrients
•   Carbohydrates
•   Lipids
•   Proteins
•   Water
•   Vitamins
•   Minerals
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
Water
Vitamins
Minerals
Eating Right
Nutrition Basics

• Knowing what in your food can help you
  make right decisions on what to eat.
• All calories consumed ...
Eating Disorders
• Anorexia
• Bulimia
• Obsession over food
  – According to the Center for Disease Control and
    Preven...
Anorexia
• Signs and Symptoms
  – Unable to maintain healthy weight
  – Intense fear of gaining weight/becoming fat
  – Di...
Bulimia

• Signs and Symptoms
  – Binge eating
  – Lack of control of eating after binge
  – Regular use of
     •   Self-...
Dieting
• Changing behavior
  – Eating right
  – Increasing physical activity
  – Staying motivated- positive results
Diets-Losing weight the healthy
                  way!
•   Eat Less and slowly
•   Cut fats
•   Less meat, more fiber
•   ...
The Right Mind Set
Diets: Do they really work?
Class Activity

•Plan a meal guide for a day
    •Must follow the recommended servings from
    food pyramid
•Remember to ...
Application
Conclusion
• I was very naïve at the fact that we were the
  fattest country. I was not aware at how bad
  we actually wer...
Work Cited
•   Anderson, Patricia M., 1963- and Butcher, Kristin F. (Kristin Frances). "Childhood Obesity:
    Trends and ...
Work Cited
•   McKinley, Jesse. "Citing Obesity of Children, Country Bans Fast-Food." The New York Times 28
    Apr. 2010:...
Work Cited
•   “Tipping the Scales; Experts seek ways to curb growing obesity spending. (NEWS)(REPORT).”
    Modern Health...
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  1. 1. Obesity, Health and Nutrition Alie Curran English Pd. 10
  2. 2. Overview of Presentation • Thesis • Personal Relevance • Audience Relevance • Obesity – Children and Adults • Exercising • Nutrition • Eat Habits/ Dieting • Class Activity • Conclusion
  3. 3. Personal Relevance I don’t want to become another part of the statistic. There are so many different ways and tactics to beat obesity and live a long healthy life. I wanted to learn ways to make eating right and exercising on a regular basis fun and not a chore that that one has to complete.
  4. 4. Audience Relevance We are the fattest country and basic nutrition habits start out at a young age. People don’t want to become another statistic. People need to learn now the issues that they could face, how important exercise it and that it is beneficial to maintain a healthy diet and weight.
  5. 5. Thesis Obesity is a growing epidemic that continues to affect our country in many ways. Obesity is 100% preventable and people need to learn how to maintain a healthy life style.
  6. 6. Forms of Obesity
  7. 7. Body Mass Index Chart http://www.gov.ky
  8. 8. Obesity in Location Good ole’ southern food http://tennesseeguy.files.wordpress.com
  9. 9. Obesity and Race Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White
  10. 10. There’s more to it than just being “fat” • Causes of obesity: •Dopamine- a brain chemical •Family history •Thyroid glad complications •Mothers who were obese while pregnant. •Medication •Depression • “People who are depressed may be more likely to become obese because of physiological changes in their hormone and immune systems that occur in depression.” (Markowitz, Science Daily)
  11. 11. Health Risks
  12. 12. Obesity Rates of Adults
  13. 13. Adult Obesity • "Over the last 20 years, we have seen a radical increase in obesity,” (Austin 3)
  14. 14. Childhood Obesity “Three times as many kids are overweight today as there were about 25 years ago.” (Anderson 1)
  15. 15. Causes of Childhood Obesity "The most food I could get for the cheapest amount of money is what I would eat.” (Jahcobie 2)
  16. 16. Psychological Factors • Boredom • Stress • "Eating seems to ameliorate some of the symptoms of stress, so you won't feel as anxious.” (Pecoraro 1) • Emotional problems • Depression
  17. 17. A Fast Food Nation
  18. 18. Are School Lunches to Blame?
  19. 19. Beating Childhood Obesity
  20. 20. Treatment(s) • Other solutions rather than surgery • Dietary changes • More physical activity • Prescribed weight-loss medication •Sibutramine (Meridia) •Orlistat (Xenical) • http://www.factsforlearning.com
  21. 21. Getting the Right Exercise • Find what’s right for you • Know limitations – Never work past doctors limitations • Work all areas of the body – Work out regularly
  22. 22. Forms of Exercising
  23. 23. Importance of Exercising
  24. 24. Nutrition
  25. 25. Food Pyramid
  26. 26. 6 Classes of Nutrients • Carbohydrates • Lipids • Proteins • Water • Vitamins • Minerals
  27. 27. Carbohydrates
  28. 28. Fats
  29. 29. Proteins
  30. 30. Water
  31. 31. Vitamins
  32. 32. Minerals
  33. 33. Eating Right
  34. 34. Nutrition Basics • Knowing what in your food can help you make right decisions on what to eat. • All calories consumed come from – Proteins (Tannenhaus 40) • Supplies energy – Carbohydrates (Smolin 20-33) • Supplies energy to brain – Fats (Tannenhaus 42-43) • Store energy
  35. 35. Eating Disorders • Anorexia • Bulimia • Obsession over food – According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one third of the high school girls surveyed thought they were overweight. (Zounbaris 143)
  36. 36. Anorexia • Signs and Symptoms – Unable to maintain healthy weight – Intense fear of gaining weight/becoming fat – Distorted body image – Three consecutive missed menstrual periods • 1,000 women die each year (American Anorexia/Bulimia Association) • Leads to bulimia Bijlefeld 144
  37. 37. Bulimia • Signs and Symptoms – Binge eating – Lack of control of eating after binge – Regular use of • Self-induced vomiting • Laxatives or diuretics • Strict dieting or fasting • Vigorous exercising – Over concern of body weight and shape Bijlefeld 144-145
  38. 38. Dieting • Changing behavior – Eating right – Increasing physical activity – Staying motivated- positive results
  39. 39. Diets-Losing weight the healthy way! • Eat Less and slowly • Cut fats • Less meat, more fiber • Cut sugars • Go fresh • Eating on smaller plates • Get active Bijlefeld and Zoumbaris 77-79
  40. 40. The Right Mind Set
  41. 41. Diets: Do they really work?
  42. 42. Class Activity •Plan a meal guide for a day •Must follow the recommended servings from food pyramid •Remember to spread out the categories of food throughout the whole day •This is supposed to be fun a challenging!!!
  43. 43. Application
  44. 44. Conclusion • I was very naïve at the fact that we were the fattest country. I was not aware at how bad we actually were overweigh. But after reading articles and books on proper nutrition I know now what I have to do to not become a part of the statistic. I don’t want to be someone who becomes obese later in life and now I know the proper steps that I need to take to ensure that I never will.
  45. 45. Work Cited • Anderson, Patricia M., 1963- and Butcher, Kristin F. (Kristin Frances). "Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes." The Future of Children 16.1 (2006): 19-45. Project MUSE. Upper Merion Area High School Library , King of Prussia, Pa. 17 May. 2010 <http://muse.jhu.edu/> • Aase, Sara. "The problem with obesity: are our lifestyles setting us up for shorterlives?(YOUR BODY)." Current Health 2, a Weekly Reader publication. 33. 3 (Nov2006): 8(5). Student Resource Center - Health Module. Gale. Upper Merion AreaHigh School. 12 Nov. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/ • Bijlefeld, Marjon, and Sharon K Zoumbaris. Food and You: A Guide to Healthy Habits for Teens. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. , 2001. Print. • Franz, Marion J. “The answer to weight loss is easy---doing it is hard!” Clinical Diabetes 2001: 105. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. • Genes Associated With Increased Body Mass. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 15, 2010, from http://www.sciencedaily.com- /releases/2008/12/081214190959.htm • Glenn, Jim. Exercise and Fitness. Ed. Jay Hyams and Susan Cass. Springhouse: Springhouse Corporations, n.d. Print. • "Is Fructose Making Americans Fat?" Today’s Science On File: n. pag. Today’s Science. Facts On File News Services, 30 June 2004. Web. 20 April 2010. <http://www.2facts.com/article/s1201610>. • Libal, Autumn. The Importance of Physical Activity and Exercise: The Fitness Factor. Philadelphia: Mason Creek Publishers Inc., 2006. Print.
  46. 46. Work Cited • McKinley, Jesse. "Citing Obesity of Children, Country Bans Fast-Food." The New York Times 28 Apr. 2010: 2. Rpt. in World Health. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. NewsBank NewsFile Collection. Web. 29 Apr. 2010. http://infoweb.newsbank.com. • Nutrition, Exercise Standards Revised (Special Report).” Facts For Learning. Weekly Reader Publishing Group, Sept. 2002. Web. 9 Nov. 2009. <http://www.factsforlearning.com>. • "Obesity on the rise in U.S.." Copyright 2008 by United Press International. Science Online. Facts On File, Inc. <http://www.fofweb.com/>. • "Obesity." World of Health. Online ed. Detroit: Gale Group, 2007. Student Resource Center - Gold. Gale. Upper Merion Area High School. 26 Apr. 2010 <http://find.galegroup.com>. • Perry, Amy. "Obesity: A Growing Problem." Today’s Science On File: n. pag. Today’s Science. Facts On File News Services, 31 Aug. 2004. Web. 8 May 2010. <http://www.2facts.com/article/s1300040>. • Smolin, Lori A, Ph. D, Mary B Grosvenor, M.S., R.D., and Richard J Deckelbaum, M.D., C.M. Basic Nutrition. New York City: Infobase Publishing, 2005. Print. • Spake, Amanda; Mary Brophy Marcus. "A Fat Nation." U.S. News & World Report. 19 Aug. 2002: 40. eLibrary. Web. 15 April. 2010. • "Study: Obesity means longer hospital stays." Copyright 2007 by United Press International. Science Online. Facts On File, Inc. <http://www.fofweb.com/>. • Tannenhaus, Norra. Weight Problems. Ed. Jay Hyams and Susan Cass. Springhouse: Springhouse Corporation, 1990. Print.
  47. 47. Work Cited • “Tipping the Scales; Experts seek ways to curb growing obesity spending. (NEWS)(REPORT).” Modern Healthcare. Heath Module Gale, August 3, 2009. Upper Merion Area High School Library. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <http://find.galegroup.com>. • Wade, Nicholas. “Genetic Cause Found for Some Cases of Human Obesity.” The New York Times 24 June 1999: n. page. eLibrary. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com>. • Watkins, Terry. "Obesity." The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. 3rd ed. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 2843-2847. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 April 2010. • "Weighing on our minds.(Report)." Harvard Health Letter. (March 1, 2009): NA. Student Resource Center - Health Module. Gale. Upper Merion Area High School. 12 Nov. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com>. • www.mayoclinic.com; May 8, 2010 • www.johnshopkinshealthalerts.com ; April 30, 2010

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