Technology Enabled Research


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  • Quick intro for both of us 5min
  • (Led by EG) Objectives of the session, any from the floor? 2min
  • Printing press – 1 st scholarly journals, allowed the easy communication of scientific discoveries. Authorship became profitable/ meaningful. This changed how people wrote. Because the same information landed on the same page things like, the citing of references, page numbering, tables of contents, indices etc Changed how people read – from oral readings to silent private readings Changed languate. Latin declined as the use of national languages increased Boosted adult literacy. Increased peoples ability to get information Development of copyrigtht laws to protect the notion of intellectual knowledge In the industrial revolution Newspapers became possible.
  • Large scale broadcast media. TV, phones, faxes, video, radio, photocopying, global travel, etc etc
  • Currently, we are in the ‘beginnings’ of the digital age. And just as it would have been impossible in 1440 to predict the impact upon society of the printing press and later the impact of electricity, we are still yet to live through most of the changes in society that will occur during this digital age.
  • Until the end of the twentieth century, only a relatively small and wealthy fraction of the human race could broadcast television programs, publish newspapers, create encyclopaedias; by the twenty first century, however, inexpensive digital computers and ubiquitous Internet access made the means of high quality media production and distribution accessible to a substantial portion of the world's population. Rheingold 2008 ( Youtube: 20 hours of new videos are uploaded to the site every minute, streams 1.2 billion videos/day Technorati tracks 37,500 new blog posts per hour Facebook: More than 300 million active users, More than 8 billion minutes are spent on Facebook each day 475,000 unique users in Feb 08 rising to 7,038,000 in Feb 09 which is an increase of 1382% in a year
  • (Led by EG) Break into groups of about 4 Think about current activities and tools you use as a researcher, digital or otherwise, and how others may view them. – consider the pros and cons of these different tools Also have a think about how technologies can be used to help support those activities. 5min Feedback to the group 5min
  • (Led by EG) Now we have discussed some of the issues you face, consider how you are viewed and assessed by others around you in the research world. These activities are probably the main way other researchers and academics know who you are and what you do. Are there any other activities you would like to add to this list?
  • Like it or not it is very likely that you have a digital identity A good way of seeing the extent of your current digital identity is to search for yourself.
  • Like it or not it is very likely that you have a digital identity A good way of seeing the extent of your current digital identity is to search for yourself. Task using the sites listed search for yourself. What did you find? Are you happy with it? Is it up to date? Does it showcase you and your research? Is is personal or professional? Could it be improved (if so how?), Pleased…disappointed…worried!? The more you engage with tools such as those on the previous diagram, the more you will see your digital identity enhanced.
  • Will be being phase in by our Faculty The h -index is an index that attempts to measure both the scientific productivity and the apparent scientific impact of a scientist. The index is based on the set of the scientist's most cited papers and the number of citations that they have received in other people's publications. The index can also be applied to the productivity and impact of a group of scientists, such as a department or university or country. The index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch , a physicist at UCSD , as a tool for determining theoretical physicists ' relative quality[1] and is sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number . Hirsch suggested that, for physicists, a value for h of about 10–12 might be a useful guideline for tenure decisions at major research universities. A value of about 18 could mean a full professorship, 15–20 could mean a fellowship in the American Physical Society , and 45 or higher could mean membership in the United States National Academy of Sciences .[2] A scholar with an index of h has published h papers each of which has been cited by others at least h times.[3] Thus, the h -index reflects both the number of publications and the number of citations per publication. The index is designed to improve upon simpler measures such as the total number of citations or publications. The index works properly only for comparing scientists working in the same field; citation conventions differ widely among different fields.
  • (Led by EG) Here are 3 examples of using web 2.0 tools to develop your digital identity
  • (Led by EG) Cristina Mendes Da Costa is a researcher who has gone down the personal route for her blog and website. She has successfully integrated her personal and professional profiles and is well known in the digital world.
  • (Led by EG) Andrew Gray is Curator of Hepatology at the Manchester Museum. He is passionate about his research on a specific species of frog and has developed this frogblog all about this research area. He has a fabulous reputation through his work on the blog and his public engagement activities so this is a great example of a successful research area blog
  • (Led by EG) Here are a few activities I brainstormed around researcher roles. I have broken them down into 4 main roles. I have then listed some of the activities you would undertake to fulfil these roles and some tools you might use to complete each activity. When you go away today, have a think about this diagram and design your own strategy for developing a digital identity that works for you.
  • In this section I want to show some techniques for keeping up to date with information including ‘the literature’
  • Things you could subscribe to: Journal feeds Research Council Funding/News Us! Blogs
  • Quick show of hands – who uses Endnote or Reference Manager?
  • Technology Enabled Research

    1. 1. Dr Rachel Cowen , Research Staff Trainer, University of Manchester Mr Alex Hardman , E-Learning Developer, University of Manchester
    2. 2. About us
    3. 3. Objectives for today <ul><li>Explore the digital world and how researchers can use it to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>develop their reputation through a digital identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>keep on top of literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extend your research connections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
    4. 5. Mechanical Age
    5. 6. Mechanical Age Electronic Age
    6. 7. Mechanical Age Electronic Age Digital Age
    7. 8. Social bookmarking/ referencing Wiki’s RSS Podcasting (sharing audio) Blogging/ micro-blogging Chat Slide sharing Searching WE CAN create, publish, broadcast, connect, share, search User generated recommendation
    8. 9. Video: The Machine is Us/ing Us <ul><li> </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>What are your top five tools and activities in terms of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What do you do? </li></ul><ul><li>What software do you use? </li></ul><ul><li>What hardware do you use? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you do it? </li></ul>
    10. 11. My personal digital space Information : Writing : Word Finding : Google Blogging : Wordpress/ Blogger Presenting : PowerPoint Recording : Soundbooth Video : Premiere Bookmarks : Delicious, Citeulike Communication : Writing : Email Talking : Mobile/ Skype/ MSN Texting : SMS/ Twitter Learning : Google, twitter, blogs, forum, web confs, email lists Dissemination : Twitter, Blog, SlideShare Where : Office Coach/ Train Home Conferences
    11. 12. <ul><li>What research activities do you currently do and what tools do you use? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think technology can be used to support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group or project communication and collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research dissemination and wider community engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ways in which you present yourself and your work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection and analysis </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Your life as a researcher <ul><li>Academic outputs (papers etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development (formal and informal learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
    13. 15. Digital Identity <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>What did you find? Are you happy with it? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it up to date? Does it showcase you and your research? Is it personal or professional? Could it be improved (if so how?), Pleased…disappointed…worried!? </li></ul>
    14. 16. Manchester web profile
    15. 17. h-Factor Web link:
    16. 18. Developing your digital identity - 3 examples of useful tools <ul><li>Slideshare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing PowerPoint presentations, disseminating your research to a wider audience, comments on your slides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The latest news, ideas, conference back channel, social and work, community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter in plain English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top reasons to use Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection, archive of research, peer critique, disseminating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal / research area? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual / collective? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs in plain English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top reasons to blog </li></ul></ul>
    17. 19.
    18. 20.
    19. 21. Blogs - Things to ask yourself <ul><li>Does your research field have active bloggers? </li></ul><ul><li>Setting one up is easy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Getting your blog on the digital map </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    20. 22. Developing a digital identity
    21. 23. <ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Social Referencing (think Endnote + Web2) </li></ul><ul><li>Most cited </li></ul>
    22. 24. RSS “ R eally S imple S yndication”
    23. 25. enables other sites to Subscribe to that information
    24. 26. What does Subscribe actually mean?
    25. 30. The Internet & Higher Education Open Thinking Educational Technology, Research and Development ALT-J The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning Innovate: Journal of Online Education British Journal of Educational Technology
    26. 31. Social Referencing
    27. 37. Staying on top of hot topics in your area Most downloaded Most cited
    28. 38. <ul><li>Google Docs </li></ul><ul><li>Communal lab operating procedures/ </li></ul><ul><li>experimental methods, </li></ul><ul><li>shared project ideas, minutes etc </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki’s </li></ul>
    29. 39. Our online presence <ul><li>Training Team </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Alex </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>