The Status of Fear & Hope                            1
Definition-Fear : feeling of an agonising distress or painful alarm caused by the anticipation of dreadful harm-Hope: feel...
1- Obligatory: “ So fear not mankind, but fear Me. And barter not My revelations for a little gain. Who judges not by what...
3- Staying on the right path  Fear alone will cause despair, depression and going                            astray     “ ...
4- Great rewards: Allah’s forgiveness;“ Those who believe, and those who emigrate  and strive in the way of Allah, these h...
The fluctuation between anticipated        acceptance (HOPE) and rejection(FEAR) of righteous acts by                Allah...
Fear & Hope are Inseparable “ ….. they call upon their Lord in fear and                 hope “ 32:16Omar Ibn Al-Khatab say...
Heart Actions:Fear of Allah: three levels1- The Public: Fear Allah’s wrath & punishment or fear missing His rewards.Hadith...
2- The learned ( Scholars): Fear Allah’s status“ Only those who are learned among His  bondsmen fear Allah (alone), Indeed...
The Greek thought the Universe is finite.In 1929, Edwin Hubble discovered that the Universe is expanding.Speed of expansio...
Noble prize in Physics 2011 Adam Riess, Brian Schmidt and Saul Perimutter    Accelerating expansion of the Universe  The U...
“ And they esteem not Allah as He has the right to be esteemed, when the whole earth will be within His grip on the day of...
3- The Special : Fear being denied seeing Allah.  Prophet ( PBUH) said ( When people of paradise enter paradise, a caller ...
Fear Vs Secure“ Then do those who have planned evil deeds  feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth  to swallow the...
Hope for Allah    To draw a good omen based on actionLevels of Hope1- Hope for Allah’s rewards or forgiveness2- Hope for c...
Hope Vs Wishful thinking“ And a generation has succeeded them who   inherited the scriptures. They grasp the   goods of th...
Hope for Allah             Hope Vs Despair Joyful anticipation of beloved rewards fromAllah or His forgiveness of wrong do...
Body Actions1- Study and acknowledge Allah’s  names attributes2- Perfection of acts of worship3- Doing righteous deeds“ An...
Body Actions4- Avoiding bad deeds“ Is he who pays adoration in the watches of the  night, prostrate and standing, bewaring...
Tongue Actions             Fear & Hope    Invocations and Supplications“ Indeed they used to hasten to good deeds and supp...
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The Heart‘s Quest to its Spiritual Sustenance: Status of Fear & Hope

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The Heart‘s Quest to its Spiritual Sustenance: Status of Fear & Hope

  1. 1. The Status of Fear & Hope 1
  2. 2. Definition-Fear : feeling of an agonising distress or painful alarm caused by the anticipation of dreadful harm-Hope: feeling of great delight or pleasure caused by the anticipation of beloved rewardsInseparableUncertainty 2
  3. 3. 1- Obligatory: “ So fear not mankind, but fear Me. And barter not My revelations for a little gain. Who judges not by what Allah has revealed; such are disbelievers “ 5:442- A condition of Faith: “ That is only Satan who frightens you of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are indeed believers” 3:175 3
  4. 4. 3- Staying on the right path Fear alone will cause despair, depression and going astray “ Say: O My slaves who have been prodigal to themselves (by sinning) despair not of the mercy of Allah. Allah forgives all sins. He is The Forgiving, The Merciful” 39:53 Hope alone will cause inadvertence, arrogance and going astray“ It will not be in accordance with your wishes, nor the wishes of the People of the Book. He who does wrong will have the recompense of it, and will not find against Allah any protecting friend or helper “ 4:123 4
  5. 5. 4- Great rewards: Allah’s forgiveness;“ Those who believe, and those who emigrate and strive in the way of Allah, these have hope of Allah’s mercy. Allah is forgiving, Merciful “ 2:218 ………. and happiness;“ But for him who fears the status of His Lord there are two gardens “ 55:46 5
  6. 6. The fluctuation between anticipated acceptance (HOPE) and rejection(FEAR) of righteous acts by AllahThe fluctuation between anticipated punishment (FEAR) and forgiveness (HOPE) of evil acts by Allah 6
  7. 7. Fear & Hope are Inseparable “ ….. they call upon their Lord in fear and hope “ 32:16Omar Ibn Al-Khatab says: if all people wereordered to enter hellfire except one, I wouldhave hoped to be that one; and if all people were ordered to enter paradise except one, I would have feared that I will be that one. 7
  8. 8. Heart Actions:Fear of Allah: three levels1- The Public: Fear Allah’s wrath & punishment or fear missing His rewards.Hadith 3Aesha (RAA) asked the prophet ( PBUH) “ And those who do what they do with their hearts afraid because they are about to return to their Lord” 23:60; is this about a man who steals and commits fornication ? He said: No this is a man who fasts, does his prayers and give charity and yet fears it will not be accepted from him. e.g Saeed Ibn Amer 8
  9. 9. 2- The learned ( Scholars): Fear Allah’s status“ Only those who are learned among His bondsmen fear Allah (alone), Indeed Allah is exalted in Might and Forgiving “ 35:28Awe: fright mixed with appreciation, wonder and respect. 9
  10. 10. The Greek thought the Universe is finite.In 1929, Edwin Hubble discovered that the Universe is expanding.Speed of expansion = 73 Km / sec / magaparsec MPC [ 3.2 million light years ].A light year (LY) is the distance (D) that light can travel in one year.Speed of light = 300,00 km / sec.Therefore, in one LY, light will travel 9.4 x 10 power 12 Km i.e just under 10 trillion Km or about 6 trillion miles.Radius of visible Universe = 46 billion LYs i.e the edge of the current universe is 46 billion LYs away from us.Current distance ( radius ) in Km = 10 x 46 = 460 trillion Km. Diameter of “ current “ Universe ( heavens ) = 460 x 460 = 21, 900 trillion Km 10
  11. 11. Noble prize in Physics 2011 Adam Riess, Brian Schmidt and Saul Perimutter Accelerating expansion of the Universe The Universe ( Heavens) doubles in size every 10 -35 sec Remember ! “Current size” = 21,900 trillion kmWhat is the size in 10, 90, 250, 2990, 82000 years ? 11
  12. 12. “ And they esteem not Allah as He has the right to be esteemed, when the whole earth will be within His grip on the day of resurrection and the heavens are rolled in His right Hand. Glorified is He and High Exalted from all they ascribe as partner ( to him ) “ 39:67Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s messenger saying, Allah will grasp the whole earth, and all the heavens up with His Right hand, and then He will say, I am the King; where are the kings of the earth. ( Sahih Al-Bukhari – 1771 ) 12
  13. 13. 3- The Special : Fear being denied seeing Allah. Prophet ( PBUH) said ( When people of paradise enter paradise, a caller will call “ people of paradise Allah has given you a promise He will now fulfil ”. They say “ What is it ? Has He not brighten our faces ? Has He not made heavy our balance and made us enter paradise and saved us from hellfire ? “ He said: the divine screen will be lifted and they are looking at Him ( Allah ), for He has not given them something more beloved to them than seeing Him) (Sahih Muslim ) 13
  14. 14. Fear Vs Secure“ Then do those who have planned evil deeds feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them, or that the doom will not come on them from where they do not perceive ? 16:45“ Then do you feel secure that He will not cause a part of the land to swallow you or send against you a storm of stones ? Then you would not find for yourselves an advocate”. 17:68 14
  15. 15. Hope for Allah To draw a good omen based on actionLevels of Hope1- Hope for Allah’s rewards or forgiveness2- Hope for closeness to Allah3- Hope for seeing Allah“ whoever looks forward to the meeting with Allah, Allah’s reckoning is surely near, and He is The Hearer, The Knower “ 29:5 15
  16. 16. Hope Vs Wishful thinking“ And a generation has succeeded them who inherited the scriptures. They grasp the goods of this low life and say: it will be forgiven for us “ 7:169Hadith: (The stupid is the one who follows his own self and wishes from Allah to grant him paradise) 16
  17. 17. Hope for Allah Hope Vs Despair Joyful anticipation of beloved rewards fromAllah or His forgiveness of wrong doings, in this life and the hereafter, after using allavailable means coming under your will and choice. 17
  18. 18. Body Actions1- Study and acknowledge Allah’s names attributes2- Perfection of acts of worship3- Doing righteous deeds“ And whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him do righteous work, and make none sharer of the worship due to His Lord” 18:110 18
  19. 19. Body Actions4- Avoiding bad deeds“ Is he who pays adoration in the watches of the night, prostrate and standing, bewaring of the hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord. Say are those who know equal to those who know not? But only men of understanding will pay heed “ 39:95- Follow the Prophetic example (Sunnah)“ There has certainly been for you in the messenger of Allah an excellent example for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the last day and who remembers Allah often “ 33:21 19
  20. 20. Tongue Actions Fear & Hope Invocations and Supplications“ Indeed they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in hope and fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive “ 21:90 20

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