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  1. 1. Indicators for SCP - A Guideline for Civil Society Organisations Presented by: Johannes Frühmann Action Town - Research and Action for SCP (CSOContribution2SCP)
  2. 2. The outline of the presentation <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>MIPS – Material Input Per Service unit </li></ul><ul><li>HPI – Happy Planet Index </li></ul>1. Introduction
  3. 3. What is an indicator?/Why measurement is important? <ul><li>Indicators in SCP </li></ul><ul><li>quantify the human demand on natural resources; </li></ul><ul><li>show the interrelation between environmental and socio-economic consequences; </li></ul><ul><li>assess, monitor and review progress toward goals and policies; </li></ul><ul><li>enable the definition of clear targets ; </li></ul><ul><li>leading to better decisions and more effective actions; </li></ul><ul><li>help people understand what SCP means globally, nationally, locally and for them as individuals; </li></ul><ul><li>help incorporate physical and social science knowledge into decision-making; </li></ul><ul><li>communicate ideas, thoughts and values with and to the broader public. </li></ul>A Definition a quantitative measure that is capable of showing the status and direction of change
  4. 4. Different types/use of indicators <ul><li>Material </li></ul><ul><li>TMR/TMC: Total Material Requirement/Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>MIPS: Material per Service Unit </li></ul><ul><li>EMC: Environmental Weighted Material Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Area/land </li></ul><ul><li>HANPP: Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>EF: Ecological Footprint </li></ul><ul><li>HPI: Happy Planet Index </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental space </li></ul><ul><li>SPI: Sustainable Process Index </li></ul><ul><li>SPI: Sustainability Performance Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>EPI: Environmental Performance Indicators </li></ul>Single topic indicators Combined approaches Indicator sets
  5. 5. The outline of the presentation <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>MIPS – Material Input Per Service unit </li></ul><ul><li>HPI – Happy Planet Index </li></ul>1. MIPS – M aterial I nput P er S ervice Unit
  6. 6. Description and objectives of MIPS Material Input per Service Unit (MIPS) is a method for calculating the natural resources used during the life cycle of a product or service and for estimating its environmental impact.  biotic & abiotic resources, water , air and the movement of soil  all measured in tons moved in nature Description Objectives <ul><li>Aid to decision making about material consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Aid to the formulation of resource efficiency objectives </li></ul><ul><li>A measurement of resource efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>An indicator of sustainable production and consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Enable stakeholders to evaluate the environmental impact of a product or service along its life cycle </li></ul>
  7. 7. Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths Weaknesses Provides a quantitative indicator of potential environmental impacts Useful in comparing the environmental implications of products, processes and services Good target indicator towards resource-conserving production methods Contributes to higher resource productivity along the entire life cycle of a product or at the level of the overall economy Companies can use MIPS to identify potentials for product and process innovations Focus on quantity not quality of materials  may not give a qualitative assessment of potential environmental impacts Requires the collection of large amounts of data for calculation  expensive and time-consuming for long life cycles Lack of appropriate standards to guarantee consistency and comparability of material flow accounts
  8. 8. A.C.T.I.O.N. areas for CSOs Assess ways in which MIPS could become a tool for managing and promoting sustainability in policy making as well as in mainstreaming resource efficiency throughout supply chains Campaign for resource efficiency from cradle to grave Take part in data collection for MIPS and in life-cycle discussion with quantitative numbers Involve partner with other CSOs, other stakeholder groups Orient towards reduced consumption and increased resource efficiency Network with other CSOs, business and policy makers
  9. 9. MIPS Case study <ul><li>A description of the situation: </li></ul><ul><li>Current awareness of material inputs of the services we consume is not high </li></ul><ul><li>B ut: the topics sustainability, environment and climate change have gained importance in the economic, public and political debate </li></ul><ul><li>ECR Austria a platform for producers and retailers with the aim of optimizing their value chains in order to satisfy customers’ needs, wants to address “sustainability”. </li></ul><ul><li>What inefficiencies there were: </li></ul><ul><li>Companies were unsure about the hot spots </li></ul><ul><li>There was no coherent standard to compare the environmental impacts of different products. </li></ul>
  10. 10. MIPS Case study <ul><li>What the CSO did: SERI calculated the MIPS of different products and gave recommendations on how to improve resource efficiency along the supply chains. </li></ul><ul><li>The results: </li></ul><ul><li>The project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>raised awareness among companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>helped them spot points for improved resource efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Several suppliers have expressed interest in improving resource efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>All partners expressed the need to establish an international database </li></ul>
  11. 11. MIPS Case study: FIN-MIPS Household FIN-MIPS Project: Finnish association for nature conservation used the MIPS method to calculate the ecological rucksacks of 27 households and gave recommendations on how to improve resource efficiency in households.  Full presentation in a few minutes!  F inal report (english version) is just published!
  12. 12. The outline of the presentation <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>MIPS – Material Input Per Service unit </li></ul><ul><li>HPI – Happy Planet Index </li></ul>1. HPI – Happy Planet Index
  13. 13. Description and objectives of HPI life satisfaction * life expectancy The Happy Planet Index (HPI) = ---------------------------------------------- ecological footprint per capita Description Objectives <ul><li>Combining wellbeing & environmental performance </li></ul><ul><li>Describing a global target for HPI at 83.5 (on a scale from 0 to 100) nations </li></ul><ul><li>should aspire to </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing HPI scores of different countries </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a useful communication tool for politics/CSOs etc. at various </li></ul><ul><li>levels (globally, regionally, locally) </li></ul>
  14. 14. A map of the world colour-coded by HPI <ul><li>Happy Planet Index Report 2006. Highest rank to lowest rank </li></ul>
  15. 15. Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths Weaknesses Considering subjective and objective criteria Simple methodology Easy to communicate Easy to compare between countries Data for life satisfaction, life expectancy and EF (partially) are available online Measuring ‘happiness’ is a complex issue The policy relevance of targeting ‘happiness’ can be debated The title of the index has led to misunderstandings as being an index to measure pure happiness of nations Data gaps remain, especially related to the EF
  16. 16. A.C.T.I.O.N. areas for CSOs Assess wellbeing of citizens and the ecological footprint Campaign for living a good life within environmental limits Take part in policy making Involve – partner with government, local authorities and communities, other CSOs Orient towards sustainable lifestyles and a sustainable and equitable future overall Network with researchers, other CSOs, community groups
  17. 17. HPI Case study Caerphilly Caerphilly Sustainable Development Strategy Development of a Caerphilly Sustainability Index inspired by the HPI to calculate how sustainable the UK county borough Caerphilly is. It sets out a vision for a sustainable county borough where residents live longer, healthier, more fulfilled lives whilst consuming less resources . The aim is to get from a score of currently 42.3 to 62.0 by 2030.
  18. 18. What next? Comments, feedback & ideas welcome <ul><li>What kind of SCP indicators are needed by CSOs? </li></ul><ul><li>Which ones are the most important indicators? Which ones are particularly useful? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know good case studies? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the Action Areas describing what you do? </li></ul>
  19. 19. The End Looking forward to the discussion! For more information: [email_address] [email_address]