GRAMÁTICA<br />Español 3<br />Ana Smith<br />
Table of Contents<br />Conditional<br />Perfect Tense<br />Present<br />Past<br />Irregulars<br />Subjunctive Perfect<br /...
Conditional<br />Used for:<br />-possibility<br />-probability<br />-wonder<br />-”Would, could, must have, or probably<br />
Conditional Irregulars<br />
Present Perfect<br />-ar… ado<br />-er…ido<br />-ir…ido<br />Example:<br />-He estudiandoespañolportresaños<br />
Present Perfect Irregulars<br />
Past Perfect<br />-ar… ado<br />-er…ido<br />-ir…ido<br />Example:<br />-Juan dijo que había viajado a México <br />
Subjunctive Perfect<br />-ar… ado<br />-er…ido<br />-ir…ido<br />Example:<br />-Dudo que lo hayas hecho.<br />
Tan and Tanto<br />-Example: El libroes tan buenocomo la película.<br />-Example: Pedro tienetantodinerocomo Roberto.<br />
Se Impersonal<br /><ul><li>Does not refer to a specific person, but states an action</li></ul>-Example<br /><ul><li>Se hab...
Spanish is spoken here</li></li></ul><li>Saber<br />Conocer<br />verses<br />To know facts and information<br />Yosé la ca...
Formal Commands<br /><ul><li>To make into a negative formal command, simply place “no” before the verb</li></li></ul><li>I...
Tú Affirmative Commands<br />Conjugate infinitive to the tú form and drop the “s”<br />Examples<br />	-Comer: come		-Habla...
Tú Negative Commands<br />“Yo” form then drop the “o”<br />Add opposite tú ending<br />Examples<br />	-Comer: no comas		-H...
Nosotros Commands<br />For reflexive verbs:<br />Drop the final “s” of command before attatching reflexive pronoun<br />-l...
IOP/ DOP Placement<br />Commands<br />Negative Commands<br />Attatchdirectle to end of imperative form of verb<br />Exampl...
Present Subjunctive<br />
Subjunctive Irregulars<br />
Impersonal Expressions<br />Esbuenoque…<br />Esmaloque…<br />Esimportanteque…<br />Esmejorque…<br />Esnecessarioque…<br />...
Expressions of Emotionwith present subjunctive<br /><ul><li>Used to express hope, joy, fear, surprise, etc.</li></ul>Examp...
Siento que tú no puedas venir mañana.
Le sorprende que Juan sea tan joven.</li></li></ul><li>Conjunctions of Time<br />
DemonstrativePronouns and Adjectives<br />Always agree in number and gender<br />Example used as a pronoun: <br />Yoquiero...
AL FINAL<br />Por Ana Smith<br />
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Grammar 3b

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  • Grammar 3b

    1. 1. GRAMÁTICA<br />Español 3<br />Ana Smith<br />
    2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Conditional<br />Perfect Tense<br />Present<br />Past<br />Irregulars<br />Subjunctive Perfect<br />Tan y Tanto<br />Impersonal Se<br />Saber vs. Conocer<br />Commands<br />Subjunctive<br />Impersonal Expressions<br />Expressions of Emotions<br />Conjunctions of Time<br />Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns<br />
    3. 3. Conditional<br />Used for:<br />-possibility<br />-probability<br />-wonder<br />-”Would, could, must have, or probably<br />
    4. 4. Conditional Irregulars<br />
    5. 5. Present Perfect<br />-ar… ado<br />-er…ido<br />-ir…ido<br />Example:<br />-He estudiandoespañolportresaños<br />
    6. 6. Present Perfect Irregulars<br />
    7. 7. Past Perfect<br />-ar… ado<br />-er…ido<br />-ir…ido<br />Example:<br />-Juan dijo que había viajado a México <br />
    8. 8. Subjunctive Perfect<br />-ar… ado<br />-er…ido<br />-ir…ido<br />Example:<br />-Dudo que lo hayas hecho.<br />
    9. 9. Tan and Tanto<br />-Example: El libroes tan buenocomo la película.<br />-Example: Pedro tienetantodinerocomo Roberto.<br />
    10. 10. Se Impersonal<br /><ul><li>Does not refer to a specific person, but states an action</li></ul>-Example<br /><ul><li>Se hablaespañolaqui.
    11. 11. Spanish is spoken here</li></li></ul><li>Saber<br />Conocer<br />verses<br />To know facts and information<br />Yosé la capital de Argentina.<br />To know of published work, people, place<br />Yoconozcotu. <br />
    12. 12. Formal Commands<br /><ul><li>To make into a negative formal command, simply place “no” before the verb</li></li></ul><li>Irregular Formal Commands<br />Tener -> tenga, tengan<br />Vengar -> venga, vengan<br />Dar -> dé, den<br />Decir -> diga<br />Ir -> vaya, vayan<br />TVDISHES<br />Ser -> sea, sean<br />Hacer-> haga, hagan<br />Estar -> esté, estén<br />Saber -> sépa, sepan<br />
    13. 13. Tú Affirmative Commands<br />Conjugate infinitive to the tú form and drop the “s”<br />Examples<br /> -Comer: come -Hablar: habla<br />Irregulars<br />
    14. 14. Tú Negative Commands<br />“Yo” form then drop the “o”<br />Add opposite tú ending<br />Examples<br /> -Comer: no comas -Hablar: no hables<br />Irregualrs<br />
    15. 15. Nosotros Commands<br />For reflexive verbs:<br />Drop the final “s” of command before attatching reflexive pronoun<br />-levantemos<br />noslevantémonos<br />
    16. 16. IOP/ DOP Placement<br />Commands<br />Negative Commands<br />Attatchdirectle to end of imperative form of verb<br />Example: Cómpralo<br />If both IO and DO object pronouns are attatched, IO comes before DO<br />Example: CómpreloUd.  CómpreleloUd.<br />Object pronouns come before command form ov verb<br />Example: No lo compre.<br />If both IO and DO object pronouns, IO comes before DO<br />Example: No me lo compre. <br />
    17. 17. Present Subjunctive<br />
    18. 18. Subjunctive Irregulars<br />
    19. 19. Impersonal Expressions<br />Esbuenoque…<br />Esmaloque…<br />Esimportanteque…<br />Esmejorque…<br />Esnecessarioque…<br />Esurgenteque…<br />
    20. 20. Expressions of Emotionwith present subjunctive<br /><ul><li>Used to express hope, joy, fear, surprise, etc.</li></ul>Examples:<br /><ul><li>Nos alegramos de que te gustan las flores.
    21. 21. Siento que tú no puedas venir mañana.
    22. 22. Le sorprende que Juan sea tan joven.</li></li></ul><li>Conjunctions of Time<br />
    23. 23. DemonstrativePronouns and Adjectives<br />Always agree in number and gender<br />Example used as a pronoun: <br />Yoquieroaquil<br />I want that over there.<br />Example used as an adjective<br />Yoquiero el postreaquil.<br />I want that desert over there. <br />Singular<br />Plural<br />
    24. 24. AL FINAL<br />Por Ana Smith<br />

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