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Brain Tumor


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Brain Tumor

  1. 1. “Cancer victims who don't accept their fate, who don't learn to live with it, will only destroy what little time they have left.” “Time is shortening. But every day that I challenge this cancer and survive is a victory for me.” Ingrid Bergman August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982
  2. 2.  Brain tumors are abnormal growths of tissue found inside the skull. which can be cancerous or non-cancerous.  Brain tumors can be benign or malignant:  Benign brain tumors do not contain cancer cells.  Malignant brain tumors contain cancer cells.  Doctors sometimes group brain tumors by grade - from low grade (grade I) to high grade (grade IV).  Primary Brain Tumors. The most common primary brain tumors are gliomas.  Secondary Brain Tumors.
  3. 3.  Brain tumors are the second leading cause of cancer related deaths in males ages 20-39  Brain tumors are the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women ages 20-39  Lifetime Risk:  Males have a 0.66% lifetime risk of being diagnosed with a primary malignant brain tumor and a 0.50% chance of dying from a brain tumor.  Females have a 0.54% lifetime risk of being diagnosed with a primary malignant brain tumor and a 0.41% chance of dying from a brain tumor.
  4. 4. percentages of people who died from brain cancer 2005. Race/Ethnicity Men Women 6.3 per 100,000 3.2 per 100,000 All Races men women 5.6 per 100,000 2.8 per 100,000 Caucasian men women 12.8 per 100,000 6.3 per 100,000 African American men women Asian/Pacific 11.2 per 100,000 6.8 per 100,000 Islander men women American 7.3 per 100,000 4.1 per 100,000 Indian/Alaska men women Native 9.5 per 100,000 5.3 per 100,000 Hispanic men women
  5. 5.  Patients may be treated with surgery:  radiation therapy  chemotherapy.  Some patients receive a combination of treatments.  Surgery is the usual treatment for most brain tumors. Sometimes surgery is not possible.  To protect the healthy tissue around the brain tumor:  Fractionation.  Hyperfractionation.  Stereotactic radiation therapy.
  6. 6.  headaches  nausea or vomiting  seizures or convulsions  difficulty thinking, speaking, or finding words  personality changes  weakness or paralysis in one part or one side of the body  Infertility or abnormal cessation of menstruation  loss of balance  vision changes  confusion and disorientation  memory loss  Hearing loss with or without dizziness
  7. 7.  The only risk factor that's been proven to increase the risk of brain tumors is exposure to high-dose ionizing radiation.  Persons who have been previously treated with radiation  To avoid the use of alcohol and smoking.  To limit consumption of processed meats which tend to have high levels of nitrates.  People who have been in close proximity to a nuclear blast.  Healthy lifestyle
  8. 8.  To appreciate the senses we have.  To value the time we spent with the people we love.  We can also learn that the brain is possibly the most important organ in our body.