Proliferation of connected devices, systems & services that goes beyond machine-to-machine (M2M) communications including robotics & automation & covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications.
McKinsey & Company report estimating a potential global economic impact of IoT applications of $11.1 trillion (USD) per year in 2025. 1
Gartner, Inc. forecasts that 6.4 billion connected things will be in use worldwide in 2016, up 30 percent from 2015, and will reach 20.8 billion by 2020. In 2016, 5.5 million new things will get connected every day.
According to the Australian IoT Alliance – 2015 Report - $116 billion of potential upside to the Australian economy by 2025.
In Australia in 2014, the figure was 115.7 million networked devices, which is expected to grow to 219.6 million networked devices within five years.
The growing reach of the IoT and the emerging Internet of Everything (IoE) is likely to involve a step-change not only for industry and innovation, but is also equally likely to drive significant behavioural changes in the way Australians interact with each other
The cost of internet-connected sensors is coming down: Many IoT devices rely on multiple sensors to monitor the environment around them. The cost of these sensors declined 50% in the past decade, according to Goldman Sachs. We expect prices to continue dropping at a steady rate, leading to an even more cost-effective sensor. A lot more money is being poured into the IoT: Large companies like Dell have begun to aggressively open IoT divisions and innovation labs. There have also been a range of IoT acquisitions including Google acquiring Nest and Intel acquiring Basis. In addition, innovative IoT startups, such as IoT cloud-platform provider Electric Imp and smart plug maker Zuli, have received a combined $US70 million in funding just this summer. Expanded internet connectivity: The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) estimates that currently 40% of the global population is connected to the internet and by 2019, roughly 57% will be connected. This increase in connectivity will lead to a larger base of individuals interested in purchasing IoT devices. High adoption of “remotes,” especially smartphones, phablets and tablets: The IoT is heavily reliant on “remotes,” primarily smartphones and tablets that can manage the IoT. Today, smartphones account for 69% of mobile phones sold globally, and their share is still rising as developing nations introduce better wireless infrastructure. .
Connected citizen (digital, sensors)
Connected devices are the lynchpin of the M2M and IoT environment, linking people and machines with each other and with information.
The Internet of Things (IoT) connects networks of sensors, actuators and smart objects with physical 'things' (including everyday and industrial objects) in such a way as to make them intelligent, programmable and more capable of interacting with humans and each other.
Citizen as creators, sharers and curators of content (online, social, mobile) Mass connectivity environment Anywhere, anytime, anyhow Smart devices, IoT & Mesh networks (interconnected & virtualised)
Digital Government Open Government New engagement models Digital information management Open standards, interoperability Privacy, security, safety, online anonymity
Connected cars and consumer uses account for the greatest number of connected things – that is because appliances and cars are being manufactured with embedded M2M devices.
Gartner estimates that 4 billion connected things will be in use in the consumer sector in 2016, and will reach 13.5 billion in 2020. As at May 2015, approximately half of all Australian homes had more than five devices connected to the internet via a home network. 26 Forecasts predict an increase in this figure to nearly nine networked devices per person by 2019.
"Internet of things (IoT) in smart cities market by Solutions (Remote Monitoring, Data Management) Platform (Application & Device Management) Application (Building Automation, Energy Management, Transportation) - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, The market size is estimated to grow from USD 51.96 Billion in 2015 to USD 147.51 Billion by 2020, at an estimated Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 23.2% during the forecast period.
Intelligent Asset Management - Monitoring and managing the location, condition, and usage of industrial equipment and machinery EVs & Connected Vehicles - Monitoring and managing the condition, location & usage of cars and vehicle fleets (e.g., taxis, buses, trucks) Water Management - Deployment, monitoring, managing, and reporting of water and waste systems Smart Grids & Energy Productivity - Deployment, monitoring, managing and usage of energy grids and renewables. Building Automation & Smart Homes -
Examples of existing and potential M2M applications include: vending machines and parking meters (to signal that a particular product is depleted or the machine requires service) monitoring of smart meters by electricity, gas and water utilities automatic notification by vehicles to emergency service organisations of serious road accident tracking of assets such as fleet vehicles, trucks, ships, trailers, containers and expensive medical equipment security alarms supervision and surveillance systems.
Intelligent mobility and telematics
World wide sales of self driving cars increase from 230,000 in 2025 to 11.8 million by 2035, says IHS Automotive, with a cumulative total of 54 million self-driving cars in use worldwide. By 2050, nearly all vehicles — private and commercial — will be self-driving cars, and the roads will be safer. Trac congestion and air pollution per car will also decline, because cars can be programmed to be more ecient in their driving patterns. Tesla - A third of all global sales in 2035 will be in North America. Many cars already have the technologies needed for selfdriving, such as lane-keeping assist and automated braking. But self-driving cars will add $7,000 to $10,000 to a car’s price in 2025, dropping to $5,000 in 2030 and $3,000 in 2035. The two big barriers to development are software reliability and cyber security. Governments will play a key role, setting the rules for deployment
In Australia, Cisco estimates that 35 per cent of all networked devices will be mobile connected by 2019. Leading to greater Industry and consumer demand for connected services and this will increase mobile traffic.
Planning is required now to forecast spectrum allocation and standards for spectrally efficient technologies.
We will need to deploy additional network infrastructure and/or acquire more spectrum, including designating particular spectrum bands for particular types of IoT applications, such as intelligent transport systems, infrastructure and environmental monitoring, building automation.
Currently, IoT uses “unlicensed” class licence spectrum – aka as “commons” LPWAN uses the ISM band, 915-928 MHz Shared basis, no licence fees Interference from proprietery IoT solutions is still a major issue e.g Victoria Harmonisation Privacy, Security & Interoperability Open standards & sharing of data
IoT will be the foundation for a Smarter Australia new jobs in new industries increased productivity & GDP growth IP development & exports Key to “unlock” the economic potential & environmental & social outcomes for regional cities & rural towns Help “cash strapped” local councils to better manage their assets (roads, energy, water, emergency management) Support “crowd-sourced” innovation, “Democratising the internet” – not just the big end of town e.g Community Wi-Fi Open standards versus proprieaery – remember Linux!
To some extent, M2M and IoT applications may utilise existing class licensed spectrum (that is, spectrum ‘commons). Class licences authorise users of designated segments of spectrum to operate on a shared basis. A class licence is not issued to an individual user and does not incur licence fees. Unlike other forms of spectrum licensing (namely, apparatus and spectrum licences) that are issued and used on an individual basis, use of this type of ‘unlicensed’ spectrum does, however, come with the cost of a higher likelihood of interference.
Currently, spectrum that is globally available at a low cost (or free as class licensed spectrum) is in the Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) bands, which include the 900 MHz band, the 2.4 GHz band and the 5.6 GHz band. In relation to other specific spectrum bands under review during 2015–16: the scheduled review of the 803–960 MHz band will explore future opportunities as a candidate band for mobile broadband and M2M the review of the 5.9 GHz band for intelligent transport systems applications is also relevant as intelligent transport systems represent one of many IoT applications.
IoT in Smart Cities
The IoT opportunity
Potential global economic
impact of IoT applications of
$11.1 trillion (USD)
per year in 2025.
(McKinsey & Company 2015)
of potential upside to the
Australian economy by
devices in 2016
Drivers of IoT
• Cost of internet-connected sensors is
• Significant investment into IoT by vendors
• Major acquisitions e.g Google buys Nest
Intel acquiring Basis
• Expanded internet connectivity
• High adoption of smartphones, tablets &
• Stronger community awareness through
• In Australia, Telstra LPWAN trial with City
The global & connected citizen
A global citizen is being part of a digitally
connected world community & whose actions
contribute to building this community’s values &
“You want to be able to monitor, measure, and control your assets…
to gain better outcomes.”
IoT in smart cities
Intelligent asset management
• Fact: IoT is being deployed in one of the
Australia’s largest maintenance services
• Remote condition monitoring & predictive maintenance in
• Use Cases
• Water pipe leak detection
• Security fence monitoring
• Environmental condition monitoring
• Water tank level monitoring
• Deployment of the latest IoT technology achieved:
• higher reliability (happier customers)
• more timely & efficient maintenance interventions
• improved plant visibility & information transfer for
centralised decision making.
Driverless cars in Adelaide
Australian Driverless Vehicle Initiative
Commenced November 2015
Consortia includes: ARRB Group, South Australian
Government, Volvo, Bosch, Flinders & Carnegie
Mellon Universities, Telstra & Cohda Wireless.
Digital urban farming
• Driven by costs, safety & security
• Smart living, clean & green
• Near real-time sensor data
directly from the “field”
• Increase yield efficiency &
transparency of food origin,
genetics & “shelf-life”
• Hydroponics & LED lighting for
leafy greens that can be grown in
buildings, greenhouses or
shipping containers e.g freight
Public IoT networks
The Things Network – Amsterdam
People can connect their “things” without the use
of Wi-Fi, 3G or Bluetooth
Low power, long range connectivity using
Crowd-sourced use cases
• Boat water leak & sinking
• Bicycle tracking
• Two-way communication
• Global open standard
• Encryption at the node, gateway &
• Key Meshed partnerships
• Amsterdam Smart Cities
• University of Wollongong
need to provide low cost, low power, long range
internet connectivity for
• students & researchers IoT app development
• smart campus & asset management
• Local Government Authorities
need to provide low cost, low power, long range
internet connectivity for
• Smart asset management
• Monitoring parks, gardens, streets, marinas,
LED street lighting, smart parking
• Rate payer app development & community
IoT for smart cities is critical…..
• IoT will be the foundation for a Smarter
• new jobs in new industries
• increased productivity & GDP growth
• IP development & exports
• Key to “unlock” the economic potential &
environmental & social outcomes for regional
cities & rural towns
• Help “cash strapped” local councils to better
manage their assets (roads, energy, water,
• Support “crowd-sourced” innovation, not just the
big end of town.
• 915Mhz band will be as important as 2.4Ghz
was for WiFi
• Sectoral Engagement Workstream
• Develop sectoral IoT advancement &
alignment with key sectors:
• Energy, Water, Transport,
Agriculture & Smart Cities
• Strong involvement from supply side
but keen to engage with industry
bodies & demand side.
• Government Industry Growth
• Infrastructure Australia
• Peak Industry bodies
• Utilities, transport & logistics, food
Other workgroups include:
• Open Data
• IoT Start-Up & Innovation
• Collaborative Australian IoT Industry
• New members are most welcome!