Session 4 2nd presentation - violence - wayne warburton
Media violence andchildren aged 5-11Dr Wayne Warburton,Macquarie University
Television violence >Nearly 60 years of research >Over 1,000 papers on media violence, many with children >Patterns of use are changing • Less direct television viewing • More pre-recorded, internet-based, i-device- based
Television violence >Both short term and long term effects >Several key impacts on children well established: • Increases in aggressive behaviour • Children more fearful; Age effects Perceptual features vs. plot Concrete vs. abstract thinking • Emotional/physiological/neurological desensitisation to violence
Television violence>Several key impacts on children well established: • Hostile attributional bias • Increase in normative beliefs approving aggression • Aggressive problem solving scripts for behaviour • Increased appetite for aggressive media (least well researched)
Ed Donnerstein, 2011These effects seem to be common for allmedia, not just television. Several theories as towhy.
Television and aggression: Why?>Imitation • Hard-wired to copy. Mirror neurons? • Identify with and copy aggressive characters, esp. if attractive, heroic, rewarded, high status etc.>Aggression rewarded and not punished>Pairing of aggressive behaviour with multiple cues>More aggression-related concepts and scripts for behaviour in neural network.
Conclusions>You are what you eat applies to neural development as much as to muscle and bone development>Media is a huge influence on children’s lives>Huge potential to both enhance and hinder development>Content is crucial