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International Perspectives 
New Zealand’s 
Radiocommunications Act Review
Radio spectrum management in NZ
• MRs are tradable property 
rights 
• Spectrum in MRs 
– 471 MHz below 1 GHz 
– 929 MHz between 1 and 5 GHz 
– 3.6 GHz ab...
NZ Act Review 
• Key issues 
– Flexibility vs certainty 
– Competition 
– Spectrum sharing 
– Interference
Flexibility 
Technology neutral MRs 
• Changes by Spark (formerly 
Telecom) under their 850 MHz 
MR : 
– AMPS 
– DAMPS 
– ...
The Act requires limited information 
Management rights 
• Frequency boundaries, 
• Adjacent frequencies 
emission limits ...
Limited processes specified 
• Public Information Brochures 
(PIBS) are non statutory 
documents setting out: 
– Band plan...
Competition 
1989 
• Market forces approach 
• Generic competition law 
2000’s 
• Government policy used to shape 
markets...
Spectrum sharing 
• Currently consulting on 
TV white space rules 
• Dynamic access 
technologies potentially 
problematic
Interference management
Thank you
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Radio Spectrum Management, Fiona Johnson, RadComms 2014

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New Zealand's Fiona Johnson, discusses the Radiocommunications Act and future radio spectrum management. Presentation given at ACMA's RadComms Conference, September 2014.

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Radio Spectrum Management, Fiona Johnson, RadComms 2014

  1. 1. International Perspectives New Zealand’s Radiocommunications Act Review
  2. 2. Radio spectrum management in NZ
  3. 3. • MRs are tradable property rights • Spectrum in MRs – 471 MHz below 1 GHz – 929 MHz between 1 and 5 GHz – 3.6 GHz above 20 GHz • In 2013/14, 97% of all licences were engineered by private sector • Radiocommunications Act 1989 establishes – Management rights (MR) regime (2/3 of Act provisions) – Radio licencing regime – General user licencing regime – Approved engineers regime – Disputes processes – Compliance and enforcement – Transitional provisions (1/4 of Act provisions)
  4. 4. NZ Act Review • Key issues – Flexibility vs certainty – Competition – Spectrum sharing – Interference
  5. 5. Flexibility Technology neutral MRs • Changes by Spark (formerly Telecom) under their 850 MHz MR : – AMPS – DAMPS – CDMA – Wide band CDMA  No regulator involvement
  6. 6. The Act requires limited information Management rights • Frequency boundaries, • Adjacent frequencies emission limits • Power floor, and • Protection limit. Spectrum licences • Details of the licence holder • Transmission frequencies • Protection area • Term • Ability (or not) to modify the licence and the permissions required
  7. 7. Limited processes specified • Public Information Brochures (PIBS) are non statutory documents setting out: – Band plans – Licencing rules – Allocation processes – Renewal processes – Requirements for the approved radio engineers’ regime
  8. 8. Competition 1989 • Market forces approach • Generic competition law 2000’s • Government policy used to shape markets 2014 • 700 MHz auction included ownership restrictions and implementation requirements
  9. 9. Spectrum sharing • Currently consulting on TV white space rules • Dynamic access technologies potentially problematic
  10. 10. Interference management
  11. 11. Thank you

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